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Tiffany C.

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Autism

Autism What is Autism? Autism is a pervasive development disorder in children, characterized by impaired communication and emotional detachment. Children with Autism may... Be overly sensitive.
Have unusual stress when a regular routine is changed.
Perform repeated body movements.
show odd attachments to different objects. Some possible causes of autism may be: Digestive track changing
Mercury poisoning
Bodies inability to use vitamins and minerals properly
Vaccine sensitivity some people also believe that small amounts of mercury is a common preservative in multi-dose vaccines that cause autism and ADHD. Things to Know About Autism Autism is a complex development disorder that can causes attention issues, intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination, and physical issues.
Even though the cause of autism is unknown, scientists know that genetics and environment both have a role in causing autism.
Autism is generally found more frequently in boys than in girls. Communication issues include..... Cannot start or maintain a normal conversation
Communicates with gestures
Develops language slowly or not at all
Does not refer to his/her self properly Social Interactions includes... Does not make friends
No interactive games
Avoids eye contact
Does not respond to smiles or eye contact
May treat others like inanimate objects
Prefers to spend time alone
shows lack of empathy Not making friends
Not participating in interactive games
Being withdrawn from social activity
Avoiding eye contact, or not responding at all
Treat others like inanimate objects
Preferring to spend time alone
Lacking empathy for people Autistic children also have trouble with the five senses They do not get startled at loud noises.
They have either very good or very bad sense of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste.
They may find normal noises painful. Their play and behavioral skills include: They do not imitate the actions of others.
They are more independent.
They do not play pretend or have imaginary friends.
They often act up.
They can get stuck on certain topics.
Have short attention spans. Does medicine help? Medicine may help autistic kids with
Attention spans
Being irritable
Mood swings
Outbursts of noise, tantrums, and obsessions
Sleep difficulties Autism is a part of other disorders and diseases that are categorized into the autism spectrum or otherwise known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Rett Syndrome
- Developmental disorder of the
nervous system.
- Occurs almost exclusively in girls.
- Causes problems in the brain function. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder-
Causes children to lose their language, motor and social skills around age four.
Linked to brain and nervous problems. Pervasive Developmental Disorders-
A group of conditions that involve delays in development of basic skills Apergers Syndrome-
Children seem normal but act differently.
Different from autism because of the severity of the symptoms and because children have good speech.
Children have good cognitive skills. Rett Syndrome
Childhood disintegrative disorder
Aspergers Syndrome Statistics About 40% of autistic people excel in visual skills, math, and art. 1 in 88 children are autistic. Four to five times more common in boys. Rates have increased- from 10% to 17% 25% of kids who are autistic are non-verbal. Autism can not be cured, but the symptoms can be treated with:
-Applied behavior analysis (ABA)
-Occupational therapy
-Physical therapy
-Speech-language therapy What is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)? Used for younger children with autism spectrum disorder.
One on one teaching
Reinforces practicing various different skills.
The goal is to get a child to function to as normal as possible.
Program is expensive and done at the child's home. Skill treatment that helps individuals achieve independence.
It assists people to teach them the skills for the job of living.
Occupational therapist works on small and large motor skills with younger children. Occupational Therapy Physical Therapy Trains autistic kids to guide or rebuild mobility, strength, and motor skills. Involves of speech and communication disorders.
Autistic kids that are nonverbal or misuse and misunderstand language on a regular basis are treated with this type of therapy. Speech and Language Therapy Children in the spectrum may have low muscle tone or tough time with coordination with sports. This can interfere with there daily life. The Brain and Autism Is it more common for girls or boys to be autistic? What are two possible reasons for someone to be autistic? These are only possible causes because they haven't actually been proven. What are three things that a autistic child may have trouble with (any category)? True or False

Kids with autism like to participate in interactive games with others. True or False?

Autistic kids may be attached
to certain objects (true) The brain is related to autism in many ways... There are 67% more brain cells in the prefrontal cortex in a child with autism than there are to a child with a normal brain. The prefrontal cortex controls the processing social skills, communication, cognitive functions and language — which is all areas in which autistic children often show abnormal development. QUIZ QUIZ QUIZ Name the three types of therapy used to help kids with autism What are some symptoms that medicine treats? Guiding Questions 1. How do the mind and body affect each other?
2. How does the outside environment affect the mind and body? 1. When an autistic child is born, they're brain is already altered. This causes children to have problems with there social skills

2. Autistic children are greatly affected by their caretakers, parents, doctors and therapists. They influence the way a child grow and changes as they get older. Also, the child will be affected by his/her peers and friends in school positively or negatively. By Lara and Tiffany Bibliography Signs that lead people to think there child is autistic Autism Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://www.autism-society.org/about-autism/
Help Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. Dec. 2013. <http://www.helpguide.org/mental/
Intact Nutrition. N.p., n.d. Web. 2013. <http://www.intactnutrition.com/page.php?id=5>.
Medline Plus. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2013. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/
Pub Med Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/
TACA. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://www.tacanow.org/family-resources/
WebMD. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/
autism-spectrum-disorders>. Activity A doctor should evaluate a child for autism if he or she: Doesn't babble by the age of 12 months.
Doesn't gesture by the age of 12 months.
Doesn't say single words by 16 months.
Doesn't say two-word phrases on his/her own by the age of 24 months
Has loss of any language or social skill at any age. Possible Symptoms of autism are- The child doesn't respond to his/her name.
The child can't explain what he/she wants.
Language skills or speech are delayed.
The child doesn't follow directions.
The child seems to hear at some times, but not others.
The child doesn't point or wave.
The child used to say a few words or babble, but now he/she doesn't.
The child throws intense or violent tantrums.
The child has abnormal movement patterns. Rules The object of the game is to successfully get to the other side of the room with your partner One of you will be close your eyes and the other one will guide you There will be chairs and tables in your way.

The person who closes there eyes can move or touch chairs but cannot touch or move tables. There partner will lead them from the back room to the sink area on the other side of the room by staying on the tape lines. Explanation- The person who has there eyes closed represents the autistic child.

The person who guides the autistic child would be there caregiver, doctor or therapist. Chairs represent inanimate objects that kids can move.

Tables represent people. It is often hard for autistic children to see the difference.
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