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Saul's Decline: Chapters 37-42
Transcript of Saul's Decline: Chapters 37-42
Plot: Chapter 41
Saul gets back to Manitouwadge
Returns to the Kelly's
explains his aggressive actions towards players.
Works in forestry
Works with Finns, Swedes, Germans, Quebecoic and Russians who were hard drinkers.
Saul never got away from the name calling, his workers taunted constantly.http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/pub/boo-bro/abo-aut/images/cha-05/chap5-1.jpg
the result of a fatal incident that can taint a persons sense of security self esteem
as a result the individual can feel powerless & lonely
doesn't have to be one time (Indian Residential Schools Educational Resources,n.d)
Residential school syndrome
related to post traumatic stress disorder.
anger management issues, sleeping difficulties, and occasional flashbacks.
individual is prone to violent outbursts and prone to the abuse of alcohol and drugs. (Brasfield, 2001)
Saul leaves Mantouwadge and arrives in Toronto and moves in with a white family
He joins the Marlies as a rookie
He begins to experience more discrimination
Leaves the team and becomes a working man
Back on the Moose team
Saul's Decline: Chapters 37-42
Saul is seventeen
The mistreatment made Saul hard
Saul could take his anger out on the ice
When anyone tried to hit Saul, he would make sure he hit back harder
His speed picked up
No more joy in the game, only the pursuit of the next hit
Sauls teammates stopped talking to him
"Finally, it changed the game for me. If they wanted me to be a savage, that's what I would give them" (Wagamese 164)
•This is the point in the book where Saul develops his aggressive nature/attitude
"That was the end of any semblance of joy in the game for me. I became a fighter... I was bitter. I wanted the game to lift me up. To make the world disappear as it always had. But as a Marlboro, I could never shake being the Indian." (Wagamese 165)
•The mistreatment of the team, the crowd, and the media towards Saul have driven him to lose his enjoyment in hockey
Saul vs self
Characters: Rebecca & Katherine Black
"They tried to find a weakness in me, but u was determined that they would not... The more they tried to exhaust me, the harder I worked. I did all of it without saying a word." (Wagamese 174)
•The discrimination towards Saul from the forestry crew pushed Saul to work harder and to his full potential
•Saul's silence through the mistreatment helped contribute to his aggressive nature
Saul vs. Forestry Crew
"It dried up my eyes, and u could taste soot and oil and gas all the time. There were trees, but none of the big pines or spruce or fir I was used to. There were no rocks. There was nothing wild."
•Saul feels uncomfortable in an urban setting as he feels the most relaxed in the presence of nature
Saul vs, Toronto
"When I showed up for rookie camp I was the only brown face in the room. Once the scrimmages began, none of the other players would call to me or send the puck my way. They weren't rough of violent. They just ignored me." (Wagamese 159)
•His first observation is that he is the "only brown face in the room" therefore assuming that the other players ignore him because of the colour of his skin
Saul vs. Rookie camp
Saul Vs. Malboros
"These guys weren't mean. They weren't vicious. They were just indifferent, and that hurt a whole lot more." (Wagamese 163)
•This shows that neglect has more emotional impact on Saul than physical abuse
"But this mistreatment made me hard... There was no joy in the game now, no vision. There was only me I hot pursuit of the next slam, bash and crunch." (Wagamese 176)
"As I let him drop to the floor I punched him in the head with everything I had, and he crumpled onto the floorboards. I turned to face the rest of them. I was frigid blackness inside, like water under a berg." (Wagamese 175)
•This is Saul's first occurrence of using physical violence outside of hockey taking his aggression outside of the game and into his daily life
•Saul describes himself as a frigid blackness inside giving the impression that he feels empty inside and has lost who he is
"result of a targeted event against an individual – it was a set of government policies that targeted and affected a whole generation" (Berube, 2015)
Negative outcomes are present through out the novel
Alienation, parental alienation, substance abuse and PTSD
There is no real treatment (Intergenerational Trauma And Aboriginal,n.d.)
Although many of them tried to break Saul down, he could always keep up when they challenged his strength.
The workers began to insult Saul more
Jorgenson calls Saul over, swings at Saul
Saul got the upper hand of Jorgenson, and choked him
After this, none of the workers bothered Saul
Saul moves to Toronto to play with the Marlboros, doesn't like the city because it's always so busy
Decides to go live with the Sheehans (an Irish couple)
Saul makes it on the Rookie team
Sauls team mates call him names and make fun of him. Some of the names he gets called include “Thirteen” and “Redskin” “Thirteen don't talk much...Thirteen never smiles.” (162-163)
People start disrespecting his culture
Because of this he begins to play the sport with a lot more aggressiveness, and becomes very violent with rage and anger, which causes him to get into some fight with some of the players
Patrick & Elissa Sheehans
Plot: Chapter 39 & 40
Thinks back to his past and about a girl he met named Rebecca and her little sister
After a while Saul decided to quit the Marlboro team because of all the negative and harsh behaviour he experienced on that team “Skate...You make me look bad, I'll punch your lights out” (160)
"But Toronto was like the Chimera- a gross combination of mismatched parts...jumbled of speed, noise and people." (158)
This is his way of expressing how he feels about Toronto and how the significant elements within the city don't come together
Symbol: Fire breathing Lion's head
"Fire breathing lion's head...the stories reminded of the stories my grandmother would tell around the fires late at night."(158)
the fire breathing lion head reminds him of his old Ojibway lifestyle.
Symbols: Horse Turd
"When I scored, the ice was littered with plastic Indian dolls, and once someone threw horse turds on the ice infront of our bench." (164)
They unknowingly using his talent against him
he taught himself how to play with them and they are being used in a negative way
"Rebecca's skin was clear & brown and her eyes shone. She was tall for her age and slender and not gawky like other girls her age." (167)
Rebecca seems to be Saul's first crush in a Residential School
"Toronto was a chimera, I thought as soon as I saw it"
Saul has just arrived in Toronto
"-a gross combination of miss matched parts, it was a mad jumble of speed and noise." (158)
It Toronto represents Saul's current situation
"Katherine was timid. She was scared of the nuns, but when she tried to run to her sister for comfort she would be strapped and locked in the closet for days." (167)
she began began to wet her bed repeatedly and was taken to the iron sister and died. While near her grave Saul hears Rebecca singing an Ojibway song after the song is over Saul sees Rebecca kill herself
"They were good to me. Elissa cooked magnificent suppers, and the refrigerator was always open at any time of the day. Patrick was a voluble raconteur about all things hockey." (159)
Patrick and Elissa remind Saul of the Kelly family, by the way they treat him and their family dynamic
Setting: Nagagami Lake, Manitouage
" I could feel it all around me like the press of a living thing...But I never felt out of place." (172)
"Only on land did I find calm. There I could relax. I could rest. I could sit by the lake forever." (172)
Saul sees Nagagami Lake as a home away from home
Characters: Hockey Players
"But they came out of a system that culled elite kids from the pack and made them special. They'd grown up with hockey moms had dads driving them to practice...coaches they'd known for years pushing them to excel...these guys weren't mean. They weren't vicious. They were just different and that hurt a whole lot more." (163)
an example of privilege
Characters: Forestry workers
" These were northern men, Finns, Swedes, Germans Quebecois and Russians...they were huge, brawny men who bellowed and roared and skipped back and forth with languages over the course of conversation
these men have never worked with a Native before because of this they begin to treat Saul differently, as a result they feel the need to compete with Saul to see how much he can handle
He experienced a lot of bullying from the Manitouwadge team which is why his aggressive behaviour is evident. They would call him names that would get on his nerves and hurt him such as “Thirteen”, “Rampaging Redskin” , “Indian Horse”, “Stolen Pony”,and “Horse Piss”
As a result of this bullying he began to fight back, and learned to fend for himself. So when he was out on the ice he would get into fights with most of the players and became a puck hog. “If they wanted to be a savage, that's what I would give them.” (164)
Do you think that privilege still exists in our society? If so do you think this effects your view on society?
If you were miss treated by your piers this way would you have acted out like Saul?
What do you think Saul's mindset was when he almost killed Jorgenson? Do you think the way he reacted was uncalled for?
If you were Rebecca how would you cope with the death of Katherine? What do you think is a good strategy to cope with death?
If you had the opportunity would you leave the Moose to go join the Rookie team?
Berbue, Kevin. "The Intergenerational Trauma of First Nations Still Runs Deep." The Globe and Mail. N.p., 16 Feb. 2015. Web. 31 May 2016. <http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/health-and-fitness/health-advisor/the-intergenerational-trauma-of-first-nations-still-runs-deep/article23013789/>.
Brasfiled, Charles. "Residential School Syndrome." Home Page. N.p., Mar. 2001. Web. 31 May 2016. <http://www.bcmj.org/article/residential-school-syndrome>.
Intergenerational Trauma And Aboriginal. Intervention to Address Intergenerational Trauma: (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 31 May 2016.
TEDxTalks. "The Impact of Residential Schools on Aboriginal Healthcare | Dawn Tisdale | TEDxComoxValley." YouTube. YouTube, 04 June 2015. Web. 31 May 2016. <
There are two themes present within these chapters of the novel.
1. Restricting your feelings will have a negative outcome
- "If they wanted me to be a savage, that's what I would give them." (Wagamese 164)
- "Hey I'm just giving them what they wanted." (Wagamese 165)
- "and I fumed and smolered amd racked up one hundred and twenty nine minutes in the penalty box." (Wagamese 166)
- "We didn't bring you here for this,Saul,... We brought you here to be a player. Not some cheap goon." (Wagamese 164)
Continuation of Themes....
2.Without love, there is no effort.
" I just want to play the game, Virg. I can't do it with all that bullshit getting in the way." (wagamese 170)
"That was the end of any semblance of joy in the game for me." (Wagamese 164)
Have you ever loved doing a hobby, but because of someone or an event that happened, caused you to be discouraged?