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Untitled Prezi

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JJ Sem-Ward

on 27 June 2013

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Assessing Biomarkers of BP oil spill weathering in the Air and Water of Impacted LA Shorelines
Abstract
The Deep water Horizon oil spill was the largest accidental marine oil spill to occur in Petroleum history. As a result of this catastrophe many of the coastal states were negatively impacted loosing over 10 billion dollars economically, 8,000 marine species, and damaging over 16,000 miles of coastal ecology. After three years, Ecological damages are still evident today; there is currently no basis to determine the long term ecological damages of the Gulf of Mexico and its shorelines. As REU researchers we will assess biomarkers of the oil spill along the Louisiana coastlines through quantitative air and water testing. Our research is part of a collaborative program with Dillard University REU program and the University of Colorado’s at Boulder Civil, Environmental, Architectural, Engineering Department. The program will allow student researchers to explore science and answer research questions regarding the impacts of the BP oil spill. Student researchers will have the opportunity to engage in a variety of learning experiences which include but are not limited to field testing, data collection, data analyzing, and presentation developments. Samples will be taken off the coastline of Louisiana near Grand Isle and Chauvin, La. We will rate the project success by assessing the collected data and comparing the data to other scientific studies in order to develop a key understanding of the possible long term effects of the BP oil spill. Our overall expectation of the completion of the project is that it will display key components of ecological damages along the Louisiana Coastline, as well as provide student researchers with the opportunity to build professional and academic skills. Future considerations: can over exposure to the crude oil and the dispersants from the BP oil spill have a negative long term impact on the genotoxcity of mammalian cells? Our project is funded by a grant received from the National Science Foundation.


Presentation created by: Joy Semien
Contact information: joy.semien@students.dillard.edu
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
About
Our research is part of a collaborative program
*Dillard University REU program
*The University of Colorado’s at Boulder Civil, Environmental, Architectural, Engineering Department.

Materials & Methods
Goal: Assess biomarkers of the oil spill along the Louisiana coastlines

Conclusion
Joy Semien, joysemien@students.dillard.edu
Bernard Singleton M.S., D.V.M., Mentor, Dillard University


*The BP Oil Spill was the largest to occur in Petroleum history
*The well was capped in July 2010
*Spilled over 200 million gallons of oil
*Damaging over 16,000 miles of coastal Ecology

Introduction
Short/long Term Damages
*Physical
*Chemical
Loss of coastal Ecosystems
Loss of Marine Organisms
Economic Depletion
Impacts
To determine any long term impacts on human health and the environment

Can lead to unbalanced food webs
There are many uncertainties of long term impacts
*Effects on human health
*Effects on coastal ecology /marine organisms

Student Researchers Will:
*Explore science by answering key questions regarding the impacts of the BP oil spill.
*Conduct field testing
*Data collection/analysis
*Develop research presentation
Present in national science conferences

Assessments
Performed through quantitative air and water testing.
*Impinger (air testing)
*Mini-Vol (air testing)
*UMUC (for testing)
*Professional weather center (track the water
*Conical Tubes (water sampling)

Sampling Sites
Control Site:
*Sea Rim State Park, Tx
Sampling Site:
*Grand Isle & LUMCON

*BP oil Spill was the largest Oil spill to occur in Petroleum history
*Damaging over 16,000 miles of coastal Ecology
*Leaving behind economic & ecological devastation
*Due to Genotoxicity mutations in marine organisms are prevalent
*It is important that research continues to reduce the risk of continued ecological devastation and establish restoration premises

Results
*Long term damages are not certain
*Air and Water Samples showed various
components of Genotoxicity
*Can alter the genes causing mutation
Future Research Questions
Can over exposure to the crude oil and the dispersants from the BP oil spill have a negative long term impact on human health (ex. develop cancer)?

Refrences
*Terry C. Hazen, et.al., 2010, Deep-sea oil plume enriches indigenous oil degrading bacteria, Science Journal, 8 October 2010, 330: 204-208.
*Richard Camili, et.al. Tracking Hydrocarbon Plume Transport and Biodegradation at Deep water Horizon
*William M. Graham, et.al., “Oil Carbon entered the Coastal Planktonic food web during the deep water horizon oil spill, November 2010, Iop Science, 1-6.
*Zhenmei Lu, August 2011. Microbial gene functions enriched in the deep water Horizon deep-sea oil plume” The ISME Journal. 6. 451-460.
*Brian R. Silliman, et. al., 16, May 2012. “Degradation and Resilence in Louisiana Salt Marshes after the BP- Deep water Horizon oil spill. 109:11234-11239.

Acknowledgments
*National Science Foundation: Rapid Grant
*Dr. Bernard Singleton, Du REU program director
*Dillard Division of Natural Sciences
*The Hernandez Environmental Engineering Lab at University of Colorado at Boulder

Acknowledgements
*National Science Foundation: Rapid Grant
*Dr. Bernard Singleton, Du REU program director
*Dillard Division of Natural Sciences
*The Hernandez Environmental Engineering Lab at University of Colorado at Boulder

Purpose
Full transcript