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The city...

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Raquel T Reina

on 24 November 2015

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Transcript of The city...

Cities.
The video questions.
Video: “Urbanization and the future of cities”
1­ In 3-4 sentences, discuss the importance of improvements in farming techniques to the development of cities.
When our ancestors learned farming and agriculture techniques they started to grow and create their own food instead of needing to move all the time to search for it. This made them stay in a permanent fertilized areas. Here they could build villages, grow their own crops and raise farm animals for food production. These villages later became larger, creating cities
.
2­ Reliable food supplies allowed humans the luxury of free time, which provided the opportunity to produce items for trade. Describe how the production of goods contributed to the growth of cities.
This allowed people to find new jobs and opportunities such as the ones that were found in cities like trade and comerce. Also the production of new items and inventions facilitaded people’s life.

3­ Experts predict that global population will top out around 10 billion people, with 7 billion of those people living in cities. What are some of the opportunities and challenges that cities will face as the population increases?
The cities will need to change. First, he world will seek ways to provide adequate food, sanitation and education for everyone. Second, grow needs to happen in a way that doesn’t damage the land that provide us the goods and services that support human. Food production might move to rooftops, skyscraper, etc while power will increasily come from renewable sources.

4­ What percentage of the human population lived in cities 100 years ago?
a) 10%
b) 20%X
c) 40%
d) 80%

5­ What led to the development of the first semi-permanent settlements?
a) Changes in the global climate
b) An increase in freshwater supplies
c) Improvements in healthcare
d) Advances in agriculture X

6­ Which of the below technologies is a development that resulted from the desire to
trade with neighboring communities?
a) The plow
b) Walled cities
c) Roads X
d) Water Distribution

7­ Why were people initially drawn to cities?
a) The availability of jobs X
b) The promise of leisure time
c) Safer living conditions
d) More farmland

8­ Global population is expected to top out at _______ billion people.
a) 6
b) 7
c) 9
d) 10X

City: Where a group of people engaged for principaly of Industrial and commercial activities.

The first cities had walls to defend themselves against enemies, but could not grow.
Cities have developed the stages are: Preindustrial (low population and space), industry (growing by population), postindustrial (from the twentieth century, many people in rural areas and urban combined)

The first cities in the world were in IV BC in Mesopotamia.
Nowadays, the major cities in the world, are the United States, Paris, Tokyo, London, etc.
Images activity
Seattle and El Cairo

Seattle (Washington, USA) was founded on November 13th 1851.
William Bell, Arthur Denny, David Denny, Henry Yesler and Carson Boren, are considered some of the founders of Seattle.
It has about 3,610,105 hab.
Seattle is a postindustrial city.


QUIZ




El tipo de plano que tiene un eje longitudinal que distribuye el resto de las calles se llama:


Un cuestionario básico que te permitirá evaluar tus conocimientos.


¿En cuál de estas ciudades predomina la función turística y de ocio?

Madrid
XToledo
A Coruña

La remodelación de las ciudades, en las que se construyen plazas mayores, palacios y jardines es propia de:

La ciudad Industrial.
La ciudad antigua.
XLa ciudad moderna.

La principal característica de la ciudad postindustrial es:

XLa orientación a los servicios y la aparición de las aglomeraciones urbanas.
La construcción de ensanches para albergar el gran crecimiento.
Su función industrial.

Una ciudad se caracteriza por:

Alta densidad de población y predominio del sector primario.
Ausencia de espacios agrarios y poco espacio edificado.
XAlta densidad de población y predominio del sector secundario y terciario.


El centro histórico de la ciudad tiene un plano irregular.

XVerdadero
Falso


En la actualidad, la periferia urbana se caracteriza por:

XLa instalación de las industrias, grandes zonas de ocio y zonas residenciales.
La instalación de los grandes centros administrativos de la ciudad.
La instalación de zonas de cultivo.





Plano ortogonal.
Plano radiocéntrico.
XPlano lineal.



Las áreas de negocios y comerciales necesitan grandes vías de comunicación.

XVerdadero
Falso


La ciudad depende de su entorno rural:

Para encontrar vías de escape.
XPara encontrar mercados y mano de obra.
Por la necesidad de contar con más hospitales.



Los pequeños núcleos urbanos que dan servicio a los pueblos cercanos se llaman:

Metrópolis nacionales.
Centros regionales.
XCentros comarcales.


The city...
The first image describes how the worlds population is destributed, shown in the size of the balloons and the number of people living in that country and the percentege of the population that lives in urban areas, cities. The key you can see that is organized by colors each color has a meaning about the most populated urban areas


The second image is a graphic about the urban and rural population of the world from 1950to 2030. From 1950 to around 2005 there was more rural population but you can see how the urban was increasion until at one point around 2010 it changed positions making the urban population higher as it is nowadays.


The third image is a Spain’s population map in wich the colors tell you how much population aproximatly is there (indicated in the key). We can see that the main economic and sociocultural cities are the most populated like Madrid or the ones located in the coast like Málaga, Valencia, Palma, etc.
El Cairo is the capital of Egypt, Africa. It was founded in 116 B.C. and nowadays has about 8,259,461 of hab.
El Cairo is a preindustrial city

Structure
Seattle has lineal structure
El Cairo has an irregular structure
Seattle
downtown (heavy concentraton of businesses)

Inner suburbs (apartment complexes,restuarants, cafes) many houses, parks

Outer suburbs (neighborhoods, houses, apartment complexes, a few businesses)


Organization
El Cairo
It isn’t organized a complex urban ,with a post - modernist style,It is located next to buildings that are hundreds of years old , and the slums of the city center are adjacent to high buildings facades polarized .

Main attractions and functions
Seattle
El Cairo

Economic and socicultural

- Seattle Asian Art Museum
- Seattle Aquarium
- Museum of Flight
- Mount Rainier National Park
- Splece neddle


Cultural and religious

-the Pyramids of Cheops
-Chephren and Mycerinus and the Sphinx
-Great Pyramid of Giza.
-Great Sphinx
-Mosque of Muhammad Ali or Muhammad Ali Pasha.
-Mosque and Madrasa of Sultan Hassan
-Mosque of Ibn Tulun, ....
Problems
Seattle
El Cairo
seattle has got pollution, there are some areas with little poverty


The poverty
social problems
Environmental problems



by Florín Babusca, Hugo Olea, Ana Ramirez y Raquel Tshituka
Full transcript