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The Russian Revolution 1917
Transcript of The Russian Revolution 1917
Orwell' s goal in writing the novel Animal Farm
Characters of Animal Farm to Those of the Russian Revolution 1917
History Background Information about Russian Revolution 1917
In the years leading up to the Russian Revolution, Russia had a succession of wars. (Crimean War, Russo-Turkish War,Russo-Japanese War, and World War I)
All of these required a lot from Russia (tax dollars and manpower). Russia suffered defeat in all, except against Turkey. This series of war caused suffering in the country's economy, government and it's people.
His goal was to portray the Russian (or Bolshevik) Revolution of 1917 . By using his characters and events of Animal Farm to be parallel to those of the Russian Revolution 1917.
irresponsible to his animal (lets them starve)
sometmes cruel - beats them with whips
sometimes kind - mixes milk in the animal mash
Czar Nicholas 11
a poor leader at best, compared to western kings
cruel- sometimes brutal with opponents
sometimes kind- hired students as spies to make $
workers do the work, rich keep the $, animal revolt
dies before revolution
"workers of the world unite", take over gov't
die before Russian Revolution
young, smart good speaker, idealistic
really wants to make life better all
one of the leader of the animal revolution
chased away into exile by Napoleon's dogs
one of the leader of "October Revolution"
pure communist, followed Marx
wanted to improve life for all in Russia
chased away by Lenin's KGB (Lenin' s secret police)
not a good speaker, not clever like Snowball
cruel, brutal, selfish, devious, corrupt
his ambition is for power, killed opponents
used dogs, Moses, and Squealer to control animals
not a good speaker, not educated like Trotsky
same as Napoleon, didn't follow Marx's idea
cared for power, killed all that that opposed him
used KGB, allowed church,and propagandized
big mouth, talk a lot
convinces animal to believe and follow Napoleon
changes and manipulates the commandments
worked for Stalin to support his image
used any lie to convince the people to follow Stalin
benefited from the fact that education was controlled
a private army that used fear to force animals to work
killed or intimited any oponent of Napoleon
KGB- Secret Police
not really police, but forced support for Stalin
used force, often killed entire families for disobedience
totally loyal, part part of Lenin's power, even over the army
Propaganda department of Lenn's gov't
Moses the Raven
Tells the animals about Sugar Candy Mountain – Heaven
Animals can go there if they work hard
Snowball and Major were against him
They thought Heaven was a lie to make animals work Napoleon let him stay because he taught animals to work and not complain
Religion Marx said religion is an “Opiate of the people.” ( a lie )
Religon was tolerared
It is used to make people not complain and do their work
Stalin knew religion would stop violent revolution
Mollie Was vain – loved her beauty and herself
Didn’t think about the animal farm Went with anyone who gave her what she wanted
Vain, selfish people in Russian and in the World
Some people did not care about revolution
Only thought about themselves
Went to other countries that offered more for them
strong, hard working horse, believes in Animal Farm
"Napoleon is always right", "I must work harder"
gives his all, is betrayed by Napoleon, who sells him
Dedicated, but tricked communist supporters
people believed Stalin because he was "Communist"
many stayed loyal after it was obvious Stalin a tyrant
betrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them
old, wise donkey who is suspicious of revolution
thinks "nothing ever changes", is right
his suspicions are true, about Boxer and sign changes
Skeptical people in Russia and outside Russia
weren't sure revolution would change anything
realized that a crazy leader can call himself communist
knew that communism wouldn't work with power
There also were three major parties that contributed to the cause of the revolution. First, there were the peasants, who were the majority of the population in Russia. They were excessively poor and could barely escape famine from harvest to harvest
Then there was population boom in Russia that were felt most by the peasants and with this increase of people there was too many people that the land to the peasants' disposal did not increase sufficiently. The government tried to help, but war took precedence.
Lastly, Tsar of Russia was the cause of much disapproval. Tsar Nicholas II was more interested in his family life, than matters of Russia. He had an obsession with retaining all his privileges and the belief that he was chosen by God to rule.
Also, he didn't understand the forces of industrialization and nationalism that were growing throughout Russia. His disregard for the struggles of the people led them to lose faith in him and the long-standing tradition of autocracy. The people were not content and were ready to revolt.
Second, there was a rise of the industrial working class. These workers were employed ( mines, factories and workshops of the major cities). They suffered low wages, poor housing and many accidents.
Again, the government tried to help by passing factory acts to restrict the amount of hours a person could work. But, their efforts were at a small scale to have any real effect. As a result, there were many strikes and constant conflicts between the workers and the police.
1. Czar Nicholas giving up his power then being murdered.(animals against Jones)
2. Disagreements between Stalin and Trotsky.(Napoleon and Snowball)
3. Lenin Dies.( Napoleon taking Snowballs ideas) 4.Starvation of millions of people who did not want to work for Stalin. (Hens starving to death for not producing eggs)
5. Secret Police coming into the picture(dogs helping Napoleon search through the animals things)
6.Show Trials of Stalin ( death of 4 pigs,3hens,goose and sheep.
7.Treaty to divide Germany ( treaty with Pilkington)
Reasons for this Revolution had happened
1. mass shortages
-Russian Revolution, ending with the abdication of Nicholas II (Mar. 15)
-Nicholas II was murdered on July 17
-End of World War I (Nov. 17)
-Start of Labor Camps
-Battle of the animals against Jones
-Battle of the Cowshed
-Pigs encouraged the animals to work hard on the farm
-Beginning of the struggle between Stalin and Trotsky
-Different opinions between Napoleon and Snowball are apparent
-Death of Lenin
-Napoleon is openly antagonistic to Snowball's ideas
-Trotsky removed as war commissar
-Trotsky expelled from party
-Starvation of millions of people who did not want to work for Stalin
-USA recognizes USSR
-Hens starved to death, when they did not want to sell eggs
-Other farms recognized animal farm
-"Secret Police" became official
-Kirov was murdered
-Dogs helped Napoleon to search through the private belongings of the animals
-Show trials of Stalin's opponents
-Death of four pigs, three hens, goose and sheep
-Show trials of Stalin's opponents
-Death of four pigs, three hens, goose and sheep
-Terror climaxes with labor camps and concentration camps
-Non-Aggression Pact between Germany and Russia
-Deal between Animal Farm and Frederick
-Trotsky murdered in Mexico
-German invasion of Russia
-Start of deportation of non-Russians
-Banknotes for woodpile were not worth anything
-Treaty to divide Germany
-Treaty with Pilkington
Information about the Russian Revolution 1917
Russian Revolution had happened in two parts (The February Revolution and The October Revolution)
The Russian Revolution replaced the existing system of autocratic rule by a Tsar with communist regime.
The revolution represented a collapse of the old order.The people were desperate for a change in their government.
Famine and low pay caused factory workers and peasants to become bitter and resentful towards the government.
Bread riots broke out in Petrograd (St. Petersburg), as workers went on strike, and even the soldiers who were affiliated with the government refused to fire at the demonstrators.
Germany arranged and paid for Lenin's trip back to Russia from exile in hopes that his return would spark a revolution, bringing chaos to Russia during WWI.
Factors for Bolshevik rise to Power: - Collapse of Economy - Sense of Injustice - Disorientation of Russian Society
Armed Red Guards (Bolshevik Soldiers) attacked the provisional government in November 1917 and took control without any bloodshed. The government gave up without a fight.
The Bolsheviks redistributed land to peasants after they gained control and workers were put in charge of all the factories.
"We shall now occupy ourselves in Russia in building up a proletarian socialist state." - Lenin, after the take-over of the government.
By Ressie Hess