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Okanagan Aboriginal Group

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by

Lachlan Gibbings

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of Okanagan Aboriginal Group

The Okanagan area where they live has
mountains, a lot of flat grounds. With streams and rivers, deserts, high plateaus, wooded mountains, varied landscapes, bottomless canyons, deep valleys, and immense prairies of grasses and shrubs. They lived in the plateau region. The climate of there area is very cold winters with a dry climate. Where as the summers are humid and rainy, which allows vegetation to grow and coniferous trees.
http://www.paksong.info/map-bolaven-plateau.php The Okanagan Group
By: Lachlan Gibbings
Blk: F Location Food/ neighboring groups The foods that they eat mostly are berries, edible roots, wild lily bulbs, wild onions, and yellow flowers. The animals they hunted and ate were salmon, deer, and seals.

The Okanagan had many aboriginal neighboring groups such as the Chilcotin, Shuswap, Lillouet, Nlaka Pamuy, NIcola, Ktunaya, Kalispel, Spokane, Walla Walla, Nez Perce, Coeun el'Alene, and Flathead

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b7/White-tailed_deer.jpg How they used their environment
for survival Their shelter's were called Earth Lodges that were made with mud and clay, and using logs to support the roof. There were also pit houses dug into the ground and covered my natural materials.

The woman made clothing such as, leggings, and skirts made with deer hide, leather, and sometimes bark.
http://www.rain.org/campinternet/southwest/img/pit_house_deep.jpg Cars, Horses? The Okanagan aboriginal group had no idea what a car or a horse was until the later years. They walked pretty much everywhere on land. But they traveled by water as well using canoes and kayaks made of trees Social Organization Males
-Fished
-Hunted Females
-Farmed
-Made Blankets, Baskets
-Made Clothing
-Made Jewelry
-Collected berries, roots,
and grasses Division of labour The Okanagan had a patrilocal system, but they were not patriarchal because both men and women had power. They were patrilineal, the kids got there names from their father. When it came to owned the land the men had the ownership on the land. The men made the war decisions and the women made the family decisions. The area of the Okanagan They hunted deer for food Lived in pit houses Ceremony One ceremony that the Okanagan people performed was the sun dance. It was first performed by the Plains people but was then later adopted by the Okanagan. It was preformed in the summer, around a lodge that was built for the sponsor. The sponsor usually was a man you just came back from war or a woman who was liked a lot. The sun dance was for a person to see a vision through pain and suffering. Whoever did this dance had to dance around a pole for several days without food, a drink, or rest until the vision was recieved. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/images/hist_sun_dance.jpg The sun dance was preformed by the Okanagan people http://www.albertburger.com/canoe%20vaillancourt.jpg They used canoes for water transportation
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