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Ancient Roman Architecture
Transcript of Ancient Roman Architecture
Ancient Roman Architecture
The Start of Architecture (Causes)
How We're Affected Today
The Start of Roman Architecture (Causes)
Roman architecture originated between 350- 250 B.C. Ancient Romans were influenced by their neighboring city, Gabii, with their ideas and culture. The city was over 170 acres, built on the incline of a volcano, which is now a lake.
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Rome picked up after the Greek Legacy.
New material and new techniques such as the Triumphal Arch, the Basilica, Amphitheatre, Granary Building, monumental aqueduct and residential housing block.
The Colosseum is the most famous attraction in Rome. It was used for entertainment purposes for the public. The structure could hold 55,000 people. And had a velarium to protect spectators from the sun.
St. Peter's Basilica
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Ancient Roman Architecture
By, Umayyah & Tayah
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It's the world's largest church, it took one hundred years to complete it's imposing structure. In the fourth century the emperor wanted to build a church on the burial site for St. Peter. The construction started in 319 to 322 BC it finally finished in 325 BC.
Colosseum was built in a span of ten years.
The Colosseum has 80 entrances.
The main purpose for Aqueducts & Bridges were to carry fresh water to centres.
The Basilica was originally used as a place to hold large gatherings, or used as law courts.
The Roman theatre is based off the Greek version.
The orchestra was made semi circular, and was made out of stone.
Ancient roman architecture has greatly influenced people to build and use their techniques. Stadiums, arenas, roads, arches, and sewer systems are all greatly influenced by Rome.
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Hurst, Mr. "Greece & Rome." Greece & Rome. SchoolWorld, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2014.
The structure is made of brick and marble. The dome was the largest dome until 1436. It is over 43 meters high. The dome has a large opening at the top called the oculus, which is the only source of light in the building.
Frey, D. Scott. "The Pantheon - Pantheon :: Photography by D. Scott Frey." The Pantheon - Pantheon :: Photography
by D. Scott Frey. Photo.fx4.net, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2014.
The Romans realized they needed to have roads in order to control the large empire they had. Roads improved the speed for messangers, armies, officials and trade goods could move around the lands controlled by the Romans. The Romans built three types of roads, Via Terrena was one of the roads and was country tracks and stayed at leveled earth packed down by continued use. Via Glareata is leveled tracks with gravel as it's surface. Via Munita was paved using blocks and made out of stone.
Paved roads have a camber that lets water drain from the road.
An Aqueducts is a waterway system, and it was one of the greatest achievements of the ancient world. Even today there are some parts of the world that still use the ancient structure.
Are used for support and decoration purposes. Columns were used for compression for the structure of a building. The base of the column is called the stylobate, the middle is known as the shaft, and the top is called the capital.
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Aqueducts were built by stone, bricks, and volcanic cement called pozzuolana. Eleven aqueducts were built in the span of five hundred years in Rome. A Curator Aquarium was assigned to maintain the aqueducts.
While the Greeks experimented with material, the Romans created techniques for constructing the bridges. In order to save resources, Romans decided to create arches underneath the deck of the bridge, rather than piling stone or wood. Bridges were made with logs and stones.
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Alexa. "Group 3's Rome Blog: Rome Bridge." Group 3's Rome Blog: Rome Bridge. Romegroup3, 17 Apr. 2009. Web. 24 Nov. 2014.
Made for spectators to view entertaining events, such as chariot races, executions, gladiator fights, etc. There are three different types of amphitheatres/amphitheaters; ancient, contemporary, and natural. They are always in an oval or circular shape. The shape of the structure is perfect for hearing clear, quality sound.
"Spain Portugal Blog." Spain Portugal Blog. WordPress, 11 June 2009. Web. 24 Nov. 2014.
Temples were an important part of Roman religion. A room called a cella in each temple was dedicated to a god or goddess, where incense and libations were used. The other rooms in the temple were used by attendants, and storage for equipment and offerings.
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Cartwright, Mark. "Triumphal Arch." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 31 Dec. 2012. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.
Is the first roads, and was country tracks and stayed at leveled earth packed down by continued use.
"Roman Basilicas - Crystalinks." Roman Basilicas - Crystalinks. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.
"Horreum | Lunt Roman Fort." Lunt Roman Fort News. Lunt Roman Fort, 2014. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.
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"Ancient Roman Homes - Domus, Insulae, Villa - Crystalinks." Ancient Roman Homes - Domus, Insulae, Villa - Crystalinks. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2014.