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Peripheral

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yiannis theodosiadis

on 5 October 2016

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Transcript of Peripheral

End! |___| \(._.\)
What Is PAD?
Peripheral Artery Disease or PAD is a narrowing of the peripheral arteries to the legs, stomach, arms, and head but most commonly in the arteries of the legs. PAD is similar to coronary artery disease (CAD).
Why does it matter?
P.A.D. increases your risk of coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and transient ischemic attack ("mini-stroke"). Although P.A.D. is serious, it's treatable. PAD often goes undiagnosed by healthcare professionals, because not much is know about its symptoms and signs. If its left untreated, PAD can lead to gangrene and amputation. And PAD may be the first warning sign of atherosclerosis!
Symptoms of PAD
The most common symptoms of PAD involving the lower extremities are cramping, pain or tiredness in the leg or hip muscles while walking or climbing stairs. Typically, this pain goes away with rest and returns when you walk again.
Other Symptoms include:
Leg numbness or weakness
Coldness in your lower leg or foot, especially when compared with the other side
Sores on your toes, feet or legs that won't heal
A change in the color of your legs
Hair loss or slower hair growth on your feet and legs
Slower growth of your toenails
Shiny skin on your legs
No pulse or a weak pulse in your legs or feet
Risks, Age Group, Gender, and/or Race ?
Risk Factors include:
Smoking
Older Age (people most affected above the age of 60+)
History of PAD in family
Obesity
Diabetes
Physical inactivity
High blood cholesterol/pressure
Men and woman are equally affected by PAD, however, African Americans are associated with an increased risk of PAD. Hispanics may have similar to slightly higher rates of PAD compared to non-Hispanic whites. Approximately 8.5 million people in the United States have PAD.
By: Yiannis Theodosiadis
Peripheral
Artery
Disease

Prevention/Treatment
In most cases, lifestyle changes, exercise and claudication medications are enough to slow the progression or even reverse the symptoms of PAD. medicine can be prescribed for high blood pressure medications and/or cholesterol-lowering medications. In rare cases surgery is necessary...
Some Surgeries Include:
Bypass surgery-
Your doctor may create a graft bypass using a vessel from another part of your body or a blood vessel made of synthetic fabric.
Thrombolytic therapy. If you have a blood clot blocking an artery, an injection of a clot-dissolving drug may be put into your artery to break it up.
Angioplasty. In this procedure, a small hollow tube (catheter) is threaded through a blood vessel to the affected artery. (balloon opens to widen artery)
Medical Advances
360º Orbital Atherectomy
surgeon introduces a catheter-based tool to the blocked arteries. On the tip of the tool is a diamond-encrusted crown that rotates a full 360º to “sand” away plaque buildup within the blood vessel. These devices rotate extremely fast and are able to remove plaque buildup without posing a serious risk for embolism
Sonic Shockwave Therapy
Angiogenesis (growing new blood vessels) is an important aspect of the healing process. Today, physicians can stimulate angiogenesis via ultrasound waves.
Citations
https://www.google.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peripheral_artery_disease
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/PeripheralArteryDisease/Peripheral-Artery-Disease-PAD_UCM_002082_SubHomePage.jsp
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pad
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