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10 Things Every Writer Needs to Know
Transcript of 10 Things Every Writer Needs to Know
10 Things Every Writer Needs to Know
Chapter 1: Motion
A Presentation by:
Huan, Sharon, and Bethany
Deleting the Extraneous
Narrowing the Scope
Selecting Concrete & Necessary
Chapter 5: Form
Chapter 6 Frames:
Chapter 7: Cohesion
Chapter 8: Energy
Chapter 9: Words
Make CLUTTER REMOVAL Work:
Stop thinking that more is always better
Delete unneeded repetition
Cut meaningless qualifiers and other deadbeat words
Sever sentences that don't belong
Combine your sentences to clean up clutter
"Art consists of limitation. The most beautiful part of every picture is the frame."
Making FRAME Work:
Frame your writing with a lead and conclusion
Connect your lead and conclusion
Capture your readers' attention with a lead
Wrap up your writing with a conclusion
"There should be some place where all the rays meet or from which they issue."
Make FOCUS work
Narrow your topic
Maintain your focus
Use audience and purpose to shape your focus
Find a unifying thread or pattern when writing about more than one topic
Capture focus with leads
Summarize to hone your focus
Chapter 2: Models
"All language endeavors- from speaking to reading to writing- are built upon...the study of models over time."
When students read, analyze, and emulate from models, their writing improves.
Model is also a verb! Teachers should model writing in front of their students.
Models should teach students something you want them to know, be of high interest to the students, and model a correct or effective way to do something that the students need to improve on in their writing.
"With well selected detail, writing transforms from the page to a movie in the reader's mind."
To make detail work in your writing, you should:
1. Show rather than tell
2. Come to your senses.
3. Share not-what-everybody-else-would-notice details
4. Support with layers of facts, resources, and quotes
5. Select, summarize, expand, and delete.
6. Use grammatical structures to embed detail.
How do we know that we have effective details? If our details are "fresh, concrete, and necessary."
"Word carpentry is like any other kind of carpentry: you must join your sentences smoothly."
How do we make our writing cohesive?
Connect our ideas with transitional words.
Summarize with transitions.
Unify sentences and paragraphs with the old-to-new pattern.
Highlight your key message by cutting what doesn't fit.
Ensure pronouns have a clear antecedent.
Repeat important words, phrases, and images.
Be consistent with tense, point of view, tone, and mood.
Use punctuation and grammar to improve connections.
Form is closer to format. "Form is an open-ended starting point for shaping and communicating a writer's purpose."
"Understanding form helps students comprehend and compose text."
"Learning about form is noting what works in texts, what shapes meaning...to create a structure and organization that helps our writing communicate with a reader for purposes."
"When you say a word--negative or positive--you release powerful forces. Every word you say has power."
Enhance your writing with accurate, specific, and concrete words
Punch up your prose with vivid verbs
Consider connotation and denotation
Comparisons and contrasts help writers and readers understand
Are you for or against the iPhone?
First...brainstorm your ideas for one minute.
Second...create a pro/con list or a short explanation for two minutes.
Third...you have one minute to revise.
Finally...turn to a partner and share what you have written for one minute.
How can you apply the strategies and techniques to your own teaching?
How could you improve your own writing with these ten techniques?
"Fear of imperfection keeps us perched on the edge, afraid to dive in and start writing."
"You can't wait for inspiration, you have to go after it with a club."
Set Time Limits
Teacher Feedback on Student Writing Affects Motion(feedback is given in love)
''There isn't any secret. You sit down and you start and that's it."
"Words set up atmospheres, electrical fields, charge."
"Sentences live---they reach out, they move and breathe."
See writing as performances
Sharing events through the eyes of those who experienced them.
Read your writing aloud to find rhythm and fluency.
Exploring Introductions & Conclusions
Unifying the Whole
Chapter 4: Detail
Chapter 3: Focus
Getting & Keeping Writers Motivated
Using Mentor Texts
Organizing & Structuring
Creating Rhythm & Style
Crafting Precise Diction
Thank you for
your time and attention