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Lesson #1: Ox Cart Man and Map
Transcript of Lesson #1: Ox Cart Man and Map
Heritage and Identity
Communities in Canada: 1780-1850
Ox Cart Man and Map
Book: “Ox-Cart Man”
Students will create drawings of significant events from the story and form the pictures into a story map
This story will gives students an overview of the roles and responsibilities of men, women and children in the early settlement, as well as their basic lifestyle
Mapping Early Canada
Black Creek Pioneer
Into the Future
Prior Knowledge: Challenges faced by communities in Canada, letter writing format
• Students are invited to start a new life on a planet similar to earth
• Minds-On: Brainstorm ideas why or why not
What would be good reasons to become a pioneer on an expedition?
What would be good reasons not to join an expedition?
• Accept/decline in a response letter
• Conclude: Read a settler journal or letter to a family member (where challenge is expressed)
The teacher introduces the lesson by reading a story titled, "Early Voyageurs: The Incredible Adventures of the Fearless Fur Traders"
Then, the teacher will facilitate a class discussion, focused on comparing aspects of historical communities, with communities today
Students will gather additional information from the past lessons, as well as online and print resources
Students will be asked to create a book for their library that compares and contrasts the lives of settlers to the lives of people today
Topics Addressed: clothing, household items, tools, work, diet, roles, chores, and housing
Minimum of 8 comparisons: 4 to early European settlements and 4 early to First Nations communities
Each comparison will have a description of 3-5 sentences, accompanied by related photos/drawings that are educationally beneficial to the topic
Students will conclude the lesson by presenting their book to their peers
Back in Time
A Typical School Day
The task begins with a brief video titled: Life in Early Canada - Henry Settles in Upper Canada
The teacher will introduce the website: The Kids' Site of Canadian Settlement
Students will go to the computer lab and be given a blank map of Canada
Students label communities according to the legend
The lesson will conclude with a class discussion focused around early communities' locations and proximity to water sources
The teacher will begin the lesson with a brief overview of timelines, providing students with examples
The teacher will then present students with important historical events using pictures and graphics
With input from the class, the teacher will record the events on a timeline anchor chart
Students will then record the timeline into their journals for future reference
Have children read Early Canadian Communities - a text that describes the lives of the Algonquian and the Iroquoian peoples who lived in Southern Ontario before the pioneers arrived
After reading, have students complete a classification chart based on these headings: (homes, farm, work, and religion)
Upon finishing the classification chart, students will consolidate their learning by completing a fill in the blank worksheet about Algonquian and the Iroquoian peoples
For 100 minutes, students will take part in programs and exhibits at Black Creek Pioneer Village where they will learn to about pioneer life in the 1800’s.
Black Creek Pioneer Village has programs and exhibits that focus on experiential learning and encourage people to draw connections between the mid 1800s and contemporary life. Students will learn about how pioneers used the natural world around them. Students will grasp lots of new vocabulary while at the same time learn about heritage and identity.
When students arrive back to school they will complete a short answer quiz based on the material they learned from the field trip.
Prior Knowledge: Tools used in 1780-1850 for daily living
• Students are heading back in time to meet with an individual from an area such as home, school or work
• Students will first brainstorm ideas that make our daily lives easier
• Students will form in groups, be given an area and a person they will meet
• They need to come up with an item that we have that they didn’t
• They will need to present to the class explaining why it would be helpful and what tool/item the pioneers are using that they will replace
My name is Kate and I am an official from the space agency and I am looking for volunteers to be pioneers of an expedition to a newly discovered "Earth-like" planet. With the world's population increasing daily, the government is concerned that the Earth will soon be over crowded and there will not be enough food to feed the peoples of the world. This is already the case in many countries. The journey to the new planet will take several months, and the pioneers will be gone for more than two years. There will be very little contact with earth. We need as much help as possible. Hope to hear from you soon.
By: Amanda De Simone
• Students will pick one community of a list created by the teacher in which students will examine the communities schooling lifestyle
• Students will gather information from internet or literary resources
• Once students have collected their information about different school experiences they will then draw pictures comparing communities in Canada between 1780-1850 to present day