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Processes and Participants
Transcript of Processes and Participants
It is about a relatively small number of processes each of them with their own participants.
There may be some circumstances involved.
this is why we talk about
They are divided into four sub-categories: sensing - perception (involving the five senses) emotive (emotions) cognitive (thinking processes) and desiderative (want). The mental processes can be probed with questions such as "what does he perceive?" "What was his reaction?" What does he think?"
(processes of being and having)
These processes deal with concepts that are related through the verbs "to be" and "to have
They involve physical actions. The material process can be probed with questions like
What did he do?; What happened to him.
Thompson (2004: 120) defines this process as belonging to a "default transitivity category", that is to say that when a process does not seem to belong to other categories is mostly probably a material process
ACTOR is the doer of the action. Any material process has an actor but this may not be mentioned in the clause
GOAL is the participant that is affected by the action of the actor or 'being done to' (Thompson, 95)
They provide information on how things or people are. They involve two participants:
the entity that carries an attribute;
the quality that is ascribed to the CARRIER
Their main role is to identify things and people. They involve an
SENSER the participant in whose mind the process occurs; this is a human participant or an inanimate one that has been personified
PHENOMENON this can be a person, a concrete object, an abstraction and a fact
There is a
who makes a text or a conversation a
who takes it and a
something that is being said/ or written
These processes can project. What they project are locutions
They are processes of existence; they are usually included in expressions such as "there is" "there are". Note that here "There" is a dummy Subject
They have only one participant: the behaver. They are processes that are in-between mental and material processes
squeezed between a sub-category of relational process that symbolize and mental processes. These processes share with language the characteristics of being abstract and symbolic; they also reflect mental operations