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Secrets of the Wolf

Learn about the the world of wolves.

Janelle Yambao

on 18 May 2015

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Transcript of Secrets of the Wolf

Body Language
Uses it to convey pack
Ears straight up
Baring teeth
Flattening ears
Defensive howl
Passive submission-subordinate wolf lays on its side
They must abduct their rear leg for inspection
Details Behind Body language
If wolves have disagreement they may show their teeth while growling
Usually the less dominant wolf (subordinate one) gives up before a fight
To show its submission, the other wolf's authority, rolls on its back
Anger: ears straight up, baring teeth
Suspicious: ears rear back, along with eyes squinted
Fear: ears flattened against head
Barking/growling is used as a warning
Mother wolves can use this for her pups, even whimper, to indicate her willingness, or give up
Wolves' howling
Social howl, is used to locate others, rally together, and/or possibly for fun
Defensive howl, is used to keep together, and strangers away
Wolf rankings/positions
Leaders that demand the up most respect, having the right to do anything
Watches pack for any fight, so alphas would promote those who win
If an alpha leaves no one earns a rank, leaving the pack dying out
They also lead packs into hunts, making sure the pack moves smoothly so the hunt doesn't fail
On hunts, they would always rely on their betas to help out
They're far by the strong and the largest of the pack, even outsiders
Betas (alpha's deputy)
Highly trained wolves that help lead hunts and watch fights along with alphas
Betas may promote but wolves try to please them
They are also the second-in-command wolves in the pack
In rarely cases, a male beta can somewhat be larger than femme alpha
Though no femme is larger or stronger than the original alpha
Permanent ranking wolves that don't do much
During a hunt, they run with the pack while having the ability to push other wolves in line, if hunt fails
If hunt succeeds sigmas get a good meal
They have an in-pack relation as a beta and alpha
A wolf that joined from the outside won't go as high as a sigma
Unless they show wonderful tactics and attitude
Reason being: wolves in-pack relation have more to lean back on
If you are a wolf of alpha blood you are considered somewhat like your parents
Parents would giveaway some leeway to raise yourself a rank
Wolves that hold the same role as IF a sigma
Don't get very much respect
Watches pack also
Selsas are somewhat strong, but loyalty gets them here in most cases
Selsas must be a good fighter, in case of anything bad happens
Deltas and Gammas
Hold same role as a selsa, but play more of an older sibling type of stance
When a large group of pups grow, the dominant one assumes this rank while the others spread out
Permanent ranking zone for wolves that are into the pack
Don't do much, while in some cases dominant pups assume this role immediately after growing up
Strong and respected, but not considered high
Have no jobs, just do their noble Dudley-do-rights
First assumed ranked wolves
The ranks that just did something good
But in some cases zetas may be deranked epsilons
Whom the alphas thought them merely not ready to assume responsibility
Bulky wolves that are most of the pups that just become adults
Newer members
Disrespected wolves that aren't as bad to be omegas
Given more leeway
Disrespectful wolves
Usually 1 or 2 omegas in a pack that are given no mercy, hence the nickname, "Scapegoat"
Wolves may practice their rank and power on omegas
But if wolves try, they can easily get out of this rank
Unless they were horribly bad
Medicine wolves that can make spiritual connections
Just an average wolf pup
The Antagonist of our Stories
Our perspectives towards wolves
People determine wolves as a tangible symbol of our darkness
Inside the stories
Most stories have wolves as our antagonist based on their stereotypes
Because of that... authors tend to know our wolves as some scary beast, and their personalities
Mostly know most likely shrewdest, vicious, and of course hungry for "certain" types of things
Our Famous "Big Bad Wolves"
Little Red Riding Hood
As we all know the wolf was assumed to eat Little Red (in most stories)
The Three Pigs
In this story, it was assumed that the little pigs end up torturing the poor wolf by, "killing him"
The Boy Who Cried Wolf
In the original story, it was told that the wolf had eaten the boy at the end
Peter and the Wolf
Probably I would have to say that the wolf was caught, and sadly put to his torture
Soon or later in the years/future, I wish for authors to stop putting these poor wolves as the antagonist. Letting these poor creatures be accused for their personalities... Yes I do know, to a person's perspective that wolves may look scary. Though if you really get to know how they really are; they aren't really scary at all.
Moving to Canada
Canadian Wolves
Wolf is one of the world's most notorious animals
Because of its high intelligence, adaptability and great skill in hunting
It has historically lived in every type or surroundings in the northern hemisphere except for the desert
Around 50-60,000 wolves inhabit Canada
Today Canadian wolves occupy 85% of the original range
Although some loacal wolf populations are fluctuating the overall number is pretty stable
Natural colors, Wolves range in color from black to creamy white in the far north
White hair contains more air pockets than pigmented hair, providing better insulation as well as a camouflage against the snow
In a particular location, like the Algonquin Park, Ontario, you may hear many wolves because of their howling
Wolves are now permanently protected, not just inside the Algonquin Parks, but throughout the surrounding townships
How Canada helps wolves
Canada supports the second largest gray wolf in the world
After Russia
Wolf habitat is diverse in this large country where, historically, wolves ranged in most areas
Currently, wolves in Canada occupy approximately 90% of their historic range
The 10% without wolves is primarily near the southern border, except near Lake Superior where wolves still live
Poaching Wolves: Biggest Regret Ever
Wolves kill livestock
Russian wolves can really damage a watermelon crop, but in the North America the grey wolf is so far down on the list of things that kill livestock
According to USDA (United States Department of Agriculture,) 2010, wolves killed 8,100 head of cattle
Resulting in a total revenue loss of $3,646,000
Whew, a lot of money right? WRONG!
That is 3.7% if the other predators; coyotes, which are everywhere, account for 53.1% or 116,700 head of cattle
Other animals which kill more cattle than wolves include: dogs (21,800 head), big cats like mountains lions, bobcats, and lynx (18,00 head of cattle), and vultures (11,900 head)
The idea of that carnivorous predators are a major problem for agribusiness is like saying the cost of maintaining movable type is a real problem for the newspaper industry
That's just how these thing work anymore; if livestock is your business, you've got a lot of problems, but wolves aren't even close
The USDA's National Agriculture Statistics Service estimates that 1,055,000 head of cattle were felled by relating to problems in the year.
Over a million, digestive problems took out another half a million head
And lets not pretend the inhumane manner in which agribusiness raises cattle didn't have something to do that
Write off another 500,00 each to the weather and various problems with calving
Predators are only 5.5% of total cattle losses, and wolves are only 0.23% of the total
Wolves kill elk, caribou, and other ungulates
There are groups, like Friends of the Northern Yellowstone Elf Herd, who maintain that wolves should not be protected because they kill too many elk
Here's how friendly the Friends of the Northern Yellowstone Elk Herd is: they are such good friends with the elk that the want to eliminate the elk's natural predator... so they are more elk for the Friends to shoot, with their guns
This is a hunting organization that a natural ecosystem is making difficult for them to shoot the animals they want to shoot
Furthermore, there is a great deal of evidence that wolves are actually good for the long term health of the Yellowstone ecosystem, which is something you certainly can't say about hunters
Wolves prey on the weak and enfeebled; by culling the elk herd in this way, the remaining elk tend to be stronger and healthier, with less competition for resources
Wolves certainly don't pose any kind of long term threat to the Yellowstone elk
Subsistence hunters, by the way should be thankful for wolves, because subsistence hunters rely on strong and healthy herds which wolves help maintain
Hunting to maintain natural order is sometimes required; in the home state of Pennsylvania, for example, there is a dangerous overpopulation of white-tailed deer
They have few natural predators because we've shot them all (see: wolves, mountain lions,) and there are more than the local ecosystem
Alphas carry their tails high, while standing tall
Less dominant wolves exhibit submissive behavior
They often lower their tail down lower than their bodies
Made by: Loki & Thor Productions!
(Giselle Yambao)
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