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Christianity in Eurasia

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Ali Alsahrawi

on 28 October 2015

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Transcript of Christianity in Eurasia

Christianity in Eurasia
The Great Schism
Western Christendom
Political Life
Byzantine Empire
Social Life
No Central Authority
Literacy Fell
Bureaucracy and Urban Life Vanished
Roman Culture Persisted
The Church
Political Life
Centralized authority in Constantinople
Church and State were combined (caesaropapism)
Emperor was caesar (head of state) and pope (head of the Church)
The Church
Churches had icons and priests were allowed to marry
Missionary impulse from networks of bishops and priests
Intolerance towards other religions
Eastern Orthodoxy
Crusades worsened the relationship between the two
Crusaders often had conflicts with the locals
In Comparison to the West
Wealthier and much more urbanized
More defensible with a shorter frontier to guard
Stronger army, navy, and merchant marine
Smaller and more compact
Conversion in Russia
Original religion involved ancestral spirits, household deities, and various other gods
Late 10th century: Prince Vladimir of Kiev wants to unite the diverse Rus regions with a single religion
Eastern Orthodoxy was chosen (came to Rus without pressure from a foreign military)
Serfs, were protected by "kings"
Curches rose and grew wealthy
Nobles protected Church, but battled for power
Changes in The West
Urban Professions led to new oppurtunities for women
These died off by 1500
Religious life was attractive to women, as they could serve as nuns
Became mixed with rationalism
Studies became separate from religion
Used rational thought to try to prove religion
Constant invasions and conquering among Europeans ends in 1000
Global warming led to a rise of agricultural production
Long distance trade emerged
The Roman empire was divided into two halves:
Latin speaking western half
Greek speaking eastern half
Western half fell to invasion, disease, and was generally weaker than the eastern half
The eastern half became the Byzantine empire, was centered around its capital Constantinople
The divide was religious as well as political

Direct contact with the rest of the world by 13th-14th centuries
Crusades were authorized by pope and were aimed to take land from Islamic World
Crusades opened more trade and created a desire for Asian products
Full transcript