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The Hunters: Scarce Resources in the Kalahari

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Victoria Hamilton

on 27 October 2014

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Transcript of The Hunters: Scarce Resources in the Kalahari

The Hunters: Scarce Resources in the Kalahari
by: Victoria Hamilton
"Until about 10,000 years ago, everyone in the world survived by hunting and gathering wild foods" (pg 74)
What do you think when you hear the term, Hunter and Gather?
For hunters and gathers today, they survive on plant and marine resources. These are important to their diet. it's routine, reliable, and surprisingly abundant.
Bushman Subsistence
One of the last foraging groups is the
Ju/'hoansi-!kung.
6-9
inches of rain per year and only
8 permanent
watering holes.
The !kung people live in
camps
, surrounding the watering holes.
Abundance and Variety of Resources
Camps have a
2-3 day
food supply.
Abundant in natural food like the
Mongongo nut.
300 nuts
=
1,260 cal
, 56 grams of protein
Nut is
drought resistant
Still harvested
12 months
after on the ground
During wet season:
fruits, berries, melons, roots, and bulbs.
Range Size and Population Density
41 people
per
100 square miles
Camps move frequently
but never further than
12 miles from water holes.
New campsites are
fewer than 100 yards away from old one.
Demographic Factors
Many live beyond
45
.
The
oldest generation
is low in numbers.
Highly
respected
Cared for by
children and grandchildren
Spiritual rituals
and
decision making
Young are carefree
, no expectations
40%
of population
contribute nothing
to food supply
Leisure and Work
Men:
Work more
frequently than women.
If run of
bad luck
, they
do nothing.
entertain,
dance
, visit.
Trance dance
2-3 active hunters
at all times.
Women:
Gather food
in one day for 3
.
Rest, embroidery, visit, entertain, kitchen routines, cracking nuts, collect firewood, fetch water.
Thank you!
Bibliography
McCurdy, James Spradley and David W. Conformity and Conflict: Reading in cultural anthropology 14th Ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey : Pearson Education, 2009, 2012. Digital Book.

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