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Transcript of Leadership Theories
A leader with passion, energy, enthusiasm, and a clear vision seeks to inspire, motivate, and empower followers to embrace and follow through with the shared vision.
Participative Leadership Theory
- Team has full decision-making power
- Leader and team make decisions as equals
Lower levels of participation
- Team proposes a decision but leader decides final outcome
Similarities between Theories
Many individuals involved in decision-making
Flexibility involved in decision-making processes
May center on a shared vision and goals - the "what"
May center on methods by which the shared vision and goals are carried out - the "how"
May center on both - the "what" and the "how"
Acceptance that greater input leads to greater understanding and better decisions
Belief that collaboration results in less collaboration, greater sharing, and a shared commitment/vision
Differences Between Theories
Example of Both Theories
Nelson Mandela, first black South African president
Portrayed both participative & transformational leadership styles
Actively supported and involved himself in open, multi-racial conversations
Reached mutual agreements about power sharing with a white minority
Provided a mix of direction while also encouraging participation
Lydia Bean, Elsilee Laboy, and Angela Smith
Personal Leadership EDL/500
June 10, 2013
About.Com. (2012). What are the participative leadership theories? Retrieved from
About.Com. (2012). What are the relationship leadership theories? Retrieved from
Bass, B.M., & R.E. Riggio. (2005). Transformational leadership (2nd ed). Mahwah, NJ: Psychology Press.
Changing Minds. (2013). Burns’ transformational leadership theory. Retrieved from
Changing Minds. (2013). Lewin’s leadership styles. Retrieved from
Changing Minds. (2013). Participative leadership. Retrieved from
Changing Minds. (2013). Transformational leadership. Retrieved from
Gill, R. (2011). Theory and practice in leadership (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Neck, C. P., & Manz, C.C. (2010). Mastering self-leadership: Empowering yourself for personal
excellence (5th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Sergiovanni, T. J. (2007). Rethinking leadership: A collection of articles. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Leadership is "a process of influence" that involves internal and external components.
(Neck and Manz, 2010, p. 2)
Many theories explain:
(1) how leaders become leaders
(2) characteristics of leaders
(3) types of processes involved in different leadership styles and methods
Participative Leadership Theory
Transformational Leadership Theory
Many individuals besides a single leader are involved in decision-making processes.
Leaders are people-oriented and care about helping others become successful and to accomplish things they think are important
Leaders inspire a shared vision, meaning, and significance
Leaders focus on working collaboratively as a team
Leaders use open and probing questions and reflective responses
Type of leader differences
- Does not necessarily identify any particular leader who embodies passion, energy, and enthusiasm or one who inspires, motivates, or empowers others
- Has a strong focus on an energetic, passionate inspiring leader
Shared vision differences
- operates under a more simplistic level of having a shared vision
- single focus surrounds the idea of a shared vision on a higher, moral level
"Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much." - Helen Keller -
"If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more, and become more, you are a leader. - John Quincy Adams -
Comparing and contrasting theories
Assists in understanding leadership
Leaders and followers can decide which model best relates to their vision and goals
Leaders and followers can decide which model works best with their styles and philosophies
Allows for application in current and future leadership practices
"Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world." -Nelson Mandela -
"The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires."
-William Arthur Ward -
"If you treat an individual as he is, he will remain how he is. But if you treat him as if he were ought to be and could be, he will become what he ought to be and could be.
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe -