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The Persian Empire

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Tavayia Williams

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of The Persian Empire

The Persian Empire
Davon, ChaChi, Justin, and Tavayia


Technology
Persians made, built, and invented
Slavery
Slaves? Nope, there were none.
Writing
The Persian language has been written with a number of different scripts. They used Persian Cuneiform, Pahlavi, Armoic Avestan, Cyrillic and Latin alphabets

The Persian language was Phonetic
Art
Geography
Persia was located in the Middle East. Between Iraq and Pakistan
It is now called Iran, it was changed in 1935\
Most of the land is mountainous.
They could trade easily, Persia traded on the Silk Road.
It wasn't isolated; they were located near other civilizations. But, in the end they usually conquered them.
Government
Persia had a monarchy, a king who's word was law.

His authority was exalted by a bureaucracy led by Persian ...... scribes that kept the records a treasury that collected taxes and funded building projects and armies

All individuals are protected and safe guarded in respect of their lives

No one can be summarily arrested ....


Beliefs
Zoroastrian concepts of God incorporates both monotheism. In India the religion is called Puritanism.

It came from the Persian prophet Zarathustra, who believed he saw God.

The Zoroastrian afterlife is determined by the balance of the good and the evil deeds, words, and thoughts of the whole.
Contributions
The Roman empire followed the way the Persian empire ran their government.
The first animal and human bill of rights

The stadium in the 400s BC

Were among the first to make lavish floor coverings

Established the first tax system
The Persians had an irrigation system called Qanat which was used for extracting groundwater in dry mountain basins of Persia.
Persian architecture had a rich heritage that stretches far beyond that borders of Iran riddled with palaces, mosques, madrases and mausoleums
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Rise And Fall
Rise
Cyrus the Great
He was the cause of the rise of Egypt. He united the Medes and the Persians to build a great Empire. In the 559BC
&
Conquer
In 530BC he conquered Babylon and set Jews free. He let people believe in what they wanted. He continued to spread to Egypt and the Mediterranean. He died in battle in 530BC
Fall
After Darius the great, rulers came and went. There was no balance, many problems began. People began to revolt because of the chaos. Taxes began more expensive, which lead to war. Then Persian Kings began to keep gold and money themelves.
Persians used art to decorate different things and places.
The put art on their pottery, too. It played a big note in their history
They spoke Sanskrit which the mother of all modern languages .
The first secret service, called The Eyes and The Ears of the King, was started in Persia.
The oldest rock in the world is called the Bistoon rock is in Persia, been there for 2,000 years.
Persian civilization emerged in about 200 BCE
It's Peak
The Persian army took Thrace and Macedonia to cutoff grain to the Greeks, but could not subjugate the elusive Scythians.
Begin to End
The Persian empire was around from 2000 BCE to 650 CE
Time Period
Emerge
Golden Age
Persian civilization had a Golden Age that entered an Islamic era of enlightenment in technology, inventions, and social changes.

The Golden Age of Persia had great works of art from glass, textiles, manuscripts, architecture, and the Qur'an. (The Islamic book of faith)

The Golden Age lasted from 750 to 1200CE
Economy
Persian traders exchanged silk ( important to the Romans) ceramics, glass, metals, ivory, gems, medical herbs, animals, and live stock
They traded on the Silk Road...
They also used Silver and Brass as money. They rarely used gold.
Full transcript