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Portugal

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by

Luisa Diaz

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Portugal

Political History 1982- a constitutional revision was made which put the military under civilian control and the president as commander in chief.
By mid-1985 the government collapsed over labour-reform disagreements, and the PSD (Partido Social Democrata-Social Democratic Party.)emerged a narrow winner in subsequent elections.
In 1986, after nine years of negotiations, Portugal joined the EC. Flush with new funds, it raced ahead of its neighbors with unprecedented economic growth. The new cash flow gave Prime Minister, Cavaco Silva the power to push ahead with radical economic reforms. This left many illusional workers out which is when strikes began.
1995- Socialist party got leadership. Before this the center right leadership predominated for 10 years.
Economic History 1986- Portugal became diverse and a very service based economy and joined the European Community.
Since the 1990's the economic development has slowly changed from public consumption to exports and private investments.
The country qualified for the Economic and Monetary Union in 1998 and began circulating the euro on 1 January 2002.
Portugal had an economic crisis in 2010, the country had allowed the public works to not completely pay the costs which affected them in the long run. Credit, public debt creation, and structural and cohesion funds were mismanaged across almost four decades. They are still trying to pay off the debt to this day. Population In the 80's there was a rapid reduction of birth rate and emigration was big at the time.
The growth of Portugal's population was very slow in the 1990's because of the country's fall of population in the 60's which was due to the number of infant deaths.
Today's population is 10.64 Million people. Foreign Affairs. Sports Soccer is the most popular sport in Portugal.
The Portuguese national soccer team finished second in Euro 2004, reached the third place in the 1966 FIFA World Cup, and reached the fourth place in the 2006 FIFA World Cup.
Some other popular sports are rugby, hockey and fencing. By: Luisa Diaz Portugal Culture In the 1990's and the 2000's Portugal modernized its public cultural facilities.
Portuguese people are very traditional and conservative.
During the 1990's there were still marriages arranged between people.
They consider a person's appearance to be important, their clothing indicates their social standing and success.
The Catholic Church has a strong influence on people's lives.
Family is the basis of life. Welcome to Portugal! Basic facts about Portugal:
It is located in Europe right next to Spain.
It has a Parliamentary democracy.
President since 2006: Aníbal Cavaco Silva.
Prime Minister since 2011: Pedro Passos Coelho.
Languages: Portuguese and Mirandese.
Capital: Lisbon
Religions: Roman Catholic, Islam, Judaism and Protestant. Music Noteworthy People Cristiano Ronaldo
Famous soccer player. Jose Saramgo
Nobel prize writer in the 80's. Tiago Monteiro
Famous race car driver. Maria de Medeiros
Portuguese actress. Fado is the main traditional, melancholy urban type of music. It is usually played with the portuguese guitar.
The Portuguese also listen to pop and other modern types of music.
Portugal has a lot of summer music festivals like Festival Sudoeste.
Música de Intervenção is also popular which means political music. During the facists regime, this type of music was used as a way to say what could not be said about freedom and equality.
Other types of music that are heard are romantic, jazz, Latin, reggae and rock.
Portugal was a founding member of NATO.
After 1991, Portugal committed several Infantry and Airlanding battalions to international operations.
The Portuguese Army keeps soldiers in Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia and East Timor (around 6,000 men overall) and it has 128 Guardsmen military police in Iraq (Nasiriyah) under control of the Italian Army.
Portugal also sent its soldiers to Afghanistan, which controlled the Kabul airport during 2005. As international observers, Portuguese were also in Croatia, Georgia and Western Sahara.
Portugal is a significant European contributor to international peacekeeping operations around the world. Education The educational system is divided into preschool, basic education (9 years), secondary education (3 years, until 12th grade), and higher education then higher education such as college.
99% of Portuguese adults can read and write.
Over 35% college aged students attend college compared to 50% in the United States. Domestic Affairs. The government under Durão Barroso in 2002, was prioritizing the economy, tighter controls on immigration, and tightening of drug laws.
He tried to reform the tax code by reducing corporate and personal income taxes, but suggested an increase in the value-added tax as a way to make up for the revenue lost in other tax cuts. He also tried to privatize some areas of public service.



Tourism Portugal is the 20th most visited country in the world, receiving an average of 13 million tourists each year.
Tourism helps Portugal's economy a lot.
Tourists mostly go to Lisbon, Algarve and Madeira, but the Portuguese government continues to promote and develop new tourist destinations, such as the Douro Valley, the island of Porto Santo, and Alentejo.
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