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Hindu & Catholic Weddings: A Comparison

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Jenna D'Souza

on 10 October 2014

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Transcript of Hindu & Catholic Weddings: A Comparison

Hindu & Catholic Weddings: A Comparison
Catholic Beliefs
Hindu Rituals
Hindu wedding ceremonies are comprised of many rituals that are very precise. Wedding rituals may take several hours to complete and are very sacred to the marrying couple and their families.
Catholic Rituals
This sacrament is the only Catholic one where a priest does not directly administer the ritual. The priest serves as a witness of the union in the Catholic Church.
Conclusion: Similarities
Both ceremonies require a priest
Both use images & icons to praise their God during the ceremony (i.e., gods for Hinduism, representations of the cross in Catholicism)
Both read from a holy book/text
Both ceremonies require participation from both the bride and groom
Both ceremonies bind two people together in marriage, and are expected to remain faithful
Hinduism Beliefs
Miss D'Souza
Marriage is considered a holy sacrament in the Hindu tradition and among the 16 "Sanskara", which are imprints left on the mind by experiences in life. This Sanskar is a rite enabling a couple to begin their life journey together.
The Samskara (or Sanskar) are a series of sacraments or "rite of passage" sacrifices and rituals that mark the various stages of human life.
Marriage marks the start of the second (and what is considered the most important) Sanskara called "Grihistha Ashrama" . This stage of life involves raising a new family after marriage.
Marriage or 'Holy Matrimony' is one of the seven Catholic sacraments sacred to Catholicism. In Catholic beliefs, marriage is intended to be a faithful, exclusive, lifelong union of a man and a woman who are completely committed to each other.
Marriage is considered a divine institution that can never be broken, so that even if the husband or wife legally divorce in the civil court - as long as they are both alive - the Church considers them bound together by God.
In both matrimony and in general, men and women are considered as equals. Catholics believe they were created to complement one another - not for one to be higher and the other lesser.
Ceremony Rituals
Jaimala (Exchange of Garlands)
Kanyadan (Giving Away of the Bride)
Havan (Lighting of the Sacred Fire)
Rajaham (Sacrifice to the Sacred Fire)
Gath Bandhan (Tying of the Nupital Knot)
Mangalphera (Walk Around the Fire)
Saptapardi (Seven Steps Together)
Sindhoor (Red Powder)
Aashirvad (Parental Blessing)
Kanyadan (Giving Away of the Bride)
Havan (Lighting of the Sacred Fire)
Saptapardi (Seven Steps)
Jalastnchana (Blessing of the Couple)
Aashirvad (Parental Blessing
Temple Decorated as Offering to the Hindu gods
Temple Decorated as Offering to the Hindu gods
Temple Decorated as Offering to the Hindu gods
The marriage ceremony is led by the priest as a mass; he starts with the introductory rites, then liturgy of the word. Vows are exchanged, there is a question & response between the priest, the bride and the groom (i.e., "I Do"), the rings are blessed, and they all conclude in prayer.
Blessing by Parents
Walking Down the Aisle
Vows/Exchange of Rings
Unity Candles & Signing the Marriage Certificate
Catholic Church
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