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TEA

The journey and obsession of the world's 2nd most enjoyed drink, TEA.
by

Faith and Sophia Sphaith

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of TEA

By Faith Spino and Sophia Mellsop TOPICS WE WILL COVER TOPICS WE WILL COVER - Types of Teas
-Green Tea
- Oolong Tea
- Black Tea
- White Tea Green Tea Tea Table of Contents Types of Tea - Green Tea
- White Tea
- Black Tea
- Oolong Tea Topics we will cover: Types of tea - Green Tea
- Black Tea
- Oolong Tea
- White Tea Green By Faith and Sophie Green tea is made from the top two leaves and buds of the Camellia Sinensis plant. This plant must grow in a moist area, at high elevations, in places such as China, India, Japan, and Sri Lanka. Africa is now growing Camellia Sinesis. WHERE DOES IT COME FROM? how tea is made TYPES OF TEA Green Tea TYPES OF TEA - Enjoyed Internationally, by many cultures
- 2nd most popular tea in the world
- Mainly grown in Japan and China, however Kenya is starting to produce it as well.
- Green tea is known to lower cholesterol and blood pressure, while boosting the immune system.
- Comes from the tea plant "Camellia Sinensis"
- Coffee has 8 times as much caffeine as green tea has. BASIC FACTS Tea Green TEA HEALTH BENEFITS Green TEA -Green Tea is very beneficial for your circulatory system
- Green Tea has a high concentration of powerful antioxidants that can help prevent aging, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, strokes, and dementia.
- Green tea also has the power to burn fat and lower cholesterol.
- Green tea goes through little or no fermentation, this means that it has more beneficial antioxidants.
- Green Tea is also very good for your skin, and protecting it from the sun. You will often see many green tea skin products, although drinking good tea is just as good as applying a green tea lotion onto your skin. Green Tea's HISTORY Black TEA HISTORY Green tea is an important part of tea's history, for it played a major part in tea's golden age. the introduction HISTORY the beginning - Records of green tea consumption date back to the 3rd century BC. However, some evidence might suggest that it has been consumed even before that. - In the earlier days, green tea was just leaves of Camellia Sinensis put into some hot water, later it became more of a process to make tea. - There are many stories about how green tea was created. One of them is about an herbalist and scholar named Shen Nung... HISTORY the golden age the golden age - The Golden Age of tea happened during 618-906 AD and the Tang Dynasty. -During the Golden Age, tea starts being used more than to heal certain illnesses. It becomes an art and a pleasure. - Tea drinking rules and ceremonies formed, such as the Japanese Tea ceremony. HISTORY the evolution - During the 4th and 5th centuries BC, tea started to be processed. The leaves were steamed and withered, some even baked these leaves. - China started to compress leaves into small cakes, and infused them with strong flavors, such as orange and ginger. You can still buy these compressed tea cakes today, although they probably aren't in their original form. BASIC FACTS Black Tea - Black tea is the most popular type of tea internationally
- This tea is the most processed/oxidized of all the tea types.
- Black Tea is claimed to have the most caffeine of all tea types, however coffee still has 3 times as much caffeine as black tea does.
- Black tea is darker in color in comparison to other tea types. This means it has a stronger, bolder flavor
- Black Tea sales make up 90% of tea sold in Western areas. Heath Benefits Black Tea
- According to webmd.com, Black tea can help with alertness, memory, and learning.
- Black tea also may help reduce the risk of heart attacks, kidney stones, and some cancers.
- This type of tea is also noted for possibly preventing Parkinson's and Heart disease.
- Black tea has a lower concentration of catechins (a type of antioxidants found in teas), but has a higher concentration of other antioxidants, that may be equally as beneficial as catechins. TYPES of black tea the following section, is about the most popular black tea types. CHAI EARLE GREY EARL GREY DARJEELING Assam ENGLISH BREAKFAST or HISTORY the of black tea black tea in CHINA - Black tea first started in China, during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD)
- There is some confusion on where it started, however there are two popular stories that explain how black tea was created. One takes place in the Wu Yi Mountains...
- And the other story takes place in the Tong Mu Village
- Black tea was found to keep longer than green tea therefore making it a better export. in china black tea's start in THE BRITISH OBSESSION - tea made its first documented appearance in Europe in 1610. A shipment of black tea was brought from China by Dutch merchants. - At first it was considered a "mysterious oriental drink," but it soon became a symbol of wealth and prosperity. black tea's TEA TIME - tea was originally a morning beverage. But in 1840 duchess Anna Telford brought the idea of afternoon tea. - Slowly, prices of tea went down in England, allowing all levels of society to be able to have their morning and afternoon tea. Where does Black tea come from? Sri Lanka India China White Tea White Tea - white tea's pride is the fact that it is unfermented AND uncured. This makes it the least processed of all teas. - Because it is has a VERY limited amount of processing, it contains 1% the amount of caffeine that is in coffee. This makes it the tea with the least amount of caffeine. - ALSO because it is hardly processed, it has the highest level of antioxidants out of all teas. - white tea is one of the rarest of all teas - white tea is also very light in color, compared to green and black. BASIC FACTS Health Benefits - white tea is the most effective type of tea for fighting cancer.
- EGCG, an antioxidant in white tea, is known to stop fat cells from forming and slows the aging process.
- By drinking 2 or more cups a day, you can reduce your risk of heart attack and heart disease by 50%. - lowers cholesterol and blood pressure
- white tea has anti-bacterial and anti-viral qualities. It is known that by drinking white tea, it can help flu and cold symptoms.
- White tea is also good for protecting your skin, and possibly curing some skin damage.
- White tea is also good for your oral health. It can prevent plaque, gum disease, halitosis, and bad breath. History of white tea HISTORY intro White tea may have been the first tea to ever exist. This makes it important in tea's remarkable story, even though it isn't as popular as its cousins. HISTORY - white tea's zenith was during Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD)
- This type of tea was often given as a gift to the emperor at the time. HISTORY - During this time, the Song Tea Ceremony was formed. Later, it became an inspiration to the Japanese Tea Ceremony.
- During the ceremony, white tea leaves and buds were ground into a fine powder and were whisked, before the mixture was put in the water. HISTORY - it has not been until relatively recently, that white tea has ventured out of China and the Orient. We are now, just learning about this new type of tea. Types of white tea White Peony Silver Needles Shou Mei Where does it come from? White tea comes from the buds, and newborn leaves of the Camellia Sinensis plant. The Main Methods There are two main methods used for producing tea: - the CTC (cut, tear, curl)
- The Orthodox CTC METHOD This method is generally more useful to big companies such as Lipton and Celestial Seasonings. Usually the tea that goes through the CTC method goes into tea bags and is of lesser quality. Harvesting Withering After leaves are harvested, they go through the withering process. This process withers the leaves by continually blowing air on them. During this process the leaves can loose up to a quarter of their moisture. This step is important, for it can change how the tea tastes in the final product. Harvesting a tea plant begins when it is 4 years old. Usually, the leaves are picked by hand, making this an extremely labor intensive process. However, the tea plant can be harvested by machinery, but it decreases the quality of the tea by a significant amount. Tea plants live incredibly long, Camellia Assimica (India) can crop for 40 years and Camellia Sinensis (China), can for 100 years. tea in the ENGLISH culture TABLE OF CONTENTS TYPES OF TEA
Green Tea
Black Tea
White Tea
For teas that require a form of processing, tea leaves are left in a climate controlled environment, where they are left to become darker in color. During this process, the chlorophyll in the leaves are broken down, and its tannins are transformed and released, although this process is very different depending on the type of tea and the manufacturer. For Oolong teas, the process can be anywhere from 5-70% oxidation depending on the darkness of the tea. Black tea is most often 100% oxidized. Proper amounts of oxidation are extremely vital to the taste and color of the tea, and over-oxidation can result in a grassy tea flavor, or even a sort of wine-y, undesirable taste. Oxidation/Processing Tea in CULTURE ROLLING
Once the leaves are processed, they are rolled into wrinkly strips either by hand or by a machine that wraps the leaves around themselves. The rolling of the tea allows for saps, juices, and other liquids inside the tea to be squeezed out, which enhances the taste of the tea.

DRYING
The drying of the tea is done to essentially finish the processing of the tea, and to prepare it for sale and consumption. This can be done in ways such as sunning, air drying, baking, or panning. This process has to be done in a precise, proper way to ensure that the tea is at its highest quality, it is very important the leaves are not over dried. The process of drying is especially vital to many green tea varieties in particular.

AGING
Aging tea is not always required, since certain types benefit from it more than others. Oolong varieties can benefit if they are fired over charcoal. Additionally, Manufactured flavored teas are in this stage sprayed with the aromas and flavors being used, or stored with the flavorants. Puerh tea is often harsh and bitter in taste prior to aging, although after this process the flavor is highly enhanced to more of a sweet, smooth sort of taste thanks to the maturing of the leaves. The Final Steps (Rolling, Drying & Aging) ORTHODOX METHOD This method is generally used to produce loose leaf and higher quality teas. THE BASIC STEPS High and Low Tea Times:

Afternoon tea, also often referred to as 'low tea' is a tea time usually between 3 and 5 pm. In the later 1800s, Afternoon tea developed into the tradition we know to be today, a custom both upper and middle classes can enjoy, rather than when it was a luxury only upper class citizens could enjoy. In the early 19th and 20th century England, many people had more physically demanding jobs, and lower calorie counts, so the generous amounts of sugar and milk in their tea aided their strength since they had lower calorie counts than most Westerners do today. For those with laboring jobs, a small snack such as a biscuit or scone or even a sandwich was eaten with their tea if it had been packed for them in the morning. Upper class citizens often enjoyed luxuries such as sandwiches with ingredients like cucumbers, ham, egg, and smoked salmon. Scones for the wealthy were usually made with jams and clotted cream. Usually pastries like fruit cake were eaten as well. For a good portion of the twentieth century, tea was considered by most pure snobbery, and the elite Georgian and Victorian women who partook in such activities were often called 'milk- in- first misses'. High tea is essentially very similar, although it was more of a dinner tea time, and instead of lighter snacks like sandwiches, meat and dinner dishes were served as well. Parents would often participate in tea time, although a formal dinner was done later. Tea is very much an important part of culture and life in Britain and the United Kingdom. Tea is consumed often and on a large basis in a majority of citizens. Often times, tea is consumed as a dark, black tea often loaded with milk and sugar to sweeten it up, rather than drinking it in a more dark, robust taste as straight black tea would taste. INDIA Tea is often thought of as the most common hot beverage in India, which is why the drink is said to become the country's national drink by the end of April 2013, a move which is hoping to bring more industry to tea in India. Tea there is consumed more often than not in small amounts throughout the day called 'cutting' rather than drinking the tea in one large cup. THE MIDDLE EAST Europe and Ireland Tea can also be found in many places throughout the middle east. In Pakistan black and green tea are most popular. In Pakistan black and green tea are referred to as 'sabz chai' and 'kahwah'. In Arabian culture tea is an important aspect at social gatherings. In traditionally Iranian culture, the typical first action of hostess would be to offer his/her guests a cup of tea. Ireland has long been one of the biggest per capita consumers of tea in the world, the national average of tea consumption being 4 cups per person per day, although many people often times drink 6 or more cups a day! The tea in Ireland is slightly spicier and stronger than the tea that is drunk in England, although it is still served with milk and sugar most often. In Switzerland, ice tea blends containing common ingredients like lemon juice, sugar, black tea, and mint, and some not so common Alp ingredients create a unique tea experience. Less traditional flavors like lemongrass and peach are also common. ENGLISH Customs MORE TABLE OF CONTENTS MORE TABLE OF CONTENTS -How tea is made
-Tea in different cultures
-Britain/United Kingdom
-Middle East
-Europe
-India THANKS FOR JOINING US FOR TEA THANK YOU for watching OUR
PROJECT
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