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Copy of Unit 9: Acceleration

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Jenny Holloway

on 17 May 2018

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Transcript of Copy of Unit 9: Acceleration

Unit 9: Acceleration
From Interconnection to the Anthropocene:
how did we get to where we are today?

The Anthropocene
Expansion and Interconnection (unit 8)
The Enlightenment
The Industrial Revolution
New Goods
New Ideas
Together, the Industrial Revolution
and the Enlightenment led to new political,
economic, and technological
ideas. What were some of those?
Political Ideas
Economic Ideas
Technological Innovations
of the 1800s and early 1900s
Global Conflicts and Global Change
As the world grew smaller through exploration, the World Zones collided and collective learning occurred on a global scale.
It caused the spread
of...
Ideas spread, individuals gained more economic power, and a dramatic change in thinking occurred. The Enlightenment was a European intellectual movement that changed the way people thought about government, philosophy, and the individual. It occurred in the 17th and 18th centuries.
As people shared goods and ideas, innovation accelerated out of a necessity to compete in a global marketplace. This led to the Industrial Revolution, which was a major shift in agriculture and the production of goods in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Communism
Capitalism
Imperialism
Keynesian economics
Democracy
Atlantic Revolutions
How were these caused by the Enlightenment and
the Industrial Revolution?
World War I
World War II
Independence Movements
Cold War
Nuclear Threat
Mass extinction
End of Malthusian Cycles?
Population explosion
Environmental threats
Improved health care/medicine


Fascism
Nationalism
Acceleration has caused massive changes in the modern world, for good and ill. Here are some examples:
The Anthropocene is the current geological age we are living in. It is characterized by the fact that human activity has been the prevailing influence over the climate and the environment of the Earth.
So...how did acceleration
and the modern revolution
help create this?
Advancements in...
communication
transportation
medicine
production
entertainment
weaponry
Which all lead to...
which brings
us to today...

What were some of the
goods and ideas shared as a result of interconnection?
What evidence do we have for the existence of the Anthropocene?
--American Revolution, French Revolution, and Haitian Revolution all saw people overthrowing their monarchical governments in favor of democracy, constitutions, and natural rights.
--Democracies and republics became widespread, overtaking monarchies in Europe and the Americas.
--Definition: a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
--European and American countries began to take over other territories to gain natural resources and markets in which to sell their machine-made goods.
--Definition: an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization. It relies heavily on tradition, unity, nationalism, and often racism
--Definition:an extreme form of this, especially marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries.
--Led to patriotism, racism, and concepts like Social Darwinism
--Examples: Italy and Germany during WWII
How were these caused by the Enlightenment and
the Industrial Revolution?
a theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
--telephone, telegraph, etc.
--trains, steam ships, cars, airplanes, etc.
--machines, factories, assembly lines, etc.
--radio, movie theaters, photography, theme parks, etc.
An economic idea that the government should help stimulate the economy by creating jobs. According to Keynes, this was how countries could break the cycle of economic depressions.
--discovery of germs, vaccinations, x-rays, etc.
--tanks, submarines, machine guns, etc.
How were these caused by the Enlightenment and
the Industrial Revolution?
1492-1700s
1650s-1800
Inspired by
Scientific Revolution
(1500s-1600s) where science challenged religion (Copernicus, Galileo)
Enlightenment emphasizes
human reason
and human power to solve problems
New ideas about rights:
John Locke: we have
"natural rights"
of life, liberty, and property
New ideas about government:
Power needs to be LIMITED
by a Constituion and by the will of the people
Democracy
Needs to protect rights of the people
Separation of church and state
What is it?:
1750s-1850s
work changes from work done in the home to work done in factories by machines
What were its effects?:
Changed nature of work
Created incredible changes in transportation and communication
Increased connection between word zones
New inventions improve quality of life for some, many others suffered in cities
Countries with industrialism became richer and more powerful (United Kingdom, Germany, United States)
Late 1700s
https://kcts9.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/phy03.sci.engin.design.techtime/technology-timeline/
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