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History of The Laugh Track
Transcript of History of The Laugh Track
Adriana Yedidsion Where did it originate? Why was it invented? What type of shows utilized it? http://video.pbs.org/video/1754622115/ Fact: In the 20th Century, the Laugh Track was typically employed on popular, three camera structured shows.
Primarily shows on NBC, CBS, & ABC such as Leave it to Beaver, I Love Lucy, and Roseanne. Is it still around? History of The Laugh Track How does The Laugh Track influence our reaction to the show's content? Bela Balazs: "Theory of the Film: Sound" WORKS CITED Appraisal: 1953 Charlie Douglass "Laff Box." Antiques Roadshow. PBS Network. 30 January 2011. Television.
Balazs, Bela. "Theory of the Film: Sound." Film Sound: Theory and Practice. Elisabeth Weis and John Belton. New York: Columbia, 1985. Print.
Bernstein, Adam. “Charles Douglass, 93; Gave TV Its Laugh Track” The Washington Post. 24 April 2003. Digital.
Sacks, Mike. And Here's the Kicker: Conversations with 21 Top Humor Writers on Their Craft. Cincinnati, OH: Writer's Digest, 2009. Print.
Steggle, Matthew. Laughing and Weeping in Early Modern Theaters. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2007. eBook.
Walker, Rob. “Making Us Laugh.” The New York Times Magazine. 28 December 2003. Digital. Appraisal: 1953 Charlie Douglass "Laff Box." Antiques Roadshow. PBS Network. 30 January 2011. Television. We expect it; it has been integrated into our perception of the sitcom. Cuing Audience Laughter during a show dates back to Shakespearean performances of the 16th century Charles Douglass' tracks were first recorded during mime performances by Marcel Marceau & The Red Skelton Show. To his advantage, the performances were silent and the audience reactions were clearly audible. Producers wanted more control over their audience. It eliminated the need for a live audience. ie: A Midsummer Night's Dream, Hamlet The pacing of sitcoms includes pauses to be filled with a pre-recorded audience response Modern family, a current sitcom on ABC, takes these pauses throughout each scene but refrains from use of the laugh track. We are navigating away from the laugh track and rather, allow each audience to express their own response to the show's material “Not only as spectators, but as listeners too, we are transferred from our seats to the space in which the events depicted on the screen are taking place” (Balazs 125). The laugh track acts a cue as to what emotion(s) the viewer should feel while watching the material.