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Safety in Early Childhood Education

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Baylee Kovacsics

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Safety in Early Childhood Education

Safety in
Early Childhood Education Follow all directions when riding on the bus.
-Stay seated at all times.
-Do not block the middle walkway. Wait for the driver’s signal to cross the street. Always cross the street in front of the bus, never behind. Always cross at least 10 feet in front of the bus. Stand back from the curb until the bus comes to a complete stop. Always wear a seatbelt
Lower part across the hips (not stomach)
Shoulder part across chest (not face/neck)
Never buckle up in pairs
Children should sit in the backseat due to airbags in the front
There are not any current laws against leaving a child unattended in a car. Carseat Safety If a child is less than 1 year old or less than 20lbs, they must be in a rear-facing carseat.
If a child is between ages 1 and 5 (between 20-40lbs), they must be in a forward-facing carseat.
If a child is between the ages of 1 and 5 (between 40-80lbs), they must be in a booster seat.
If a child weighs over 80lbs and can bend their legs over the backseat, they no longer need a booster seat regardless of age. Sidewalk Safety An adult should be present when a child under 10 years of age is crossing the street.
Children should never play in areas near a street or parking lot.
If it is dark outside or the weather is bad, children should wear retro-reflective clothing. Stranger Danger It is important for parents, teachers, and caregivers to know where kids are at all times! The term "stranger" is defined as someone a responsible adult has not introduced to your child Misconceptions
Strangers look mean and scary
Strangers are someone they don’t know
Someone who does not know a child’s name Teach children about “safe strangers”
A safe stranger is a person in a uniform (i.e. fireman, policeman, etc.)
No, Go, Yell, Tell!
If the stranger tells the child to disobey their parents
If stranger makes the child feel uncomfortable
If stranger asks the child for help
If stranger asks the child to keep a secret from their parents Safety Tips
Always know where child is
Show child safe places
Teach children to trust their instincts
Teach children to be assertive
Encourage kids to play in numbers Before entering into a Kindergarten classroom, children are required to get a set amount immunizations.
Four doses of Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis
Three doses of Polio, and Hepatitis B,
Two doses of Rubeola (Measles),
One dose of Rubella (German Measles), Mumps, and Varicella. Immunizations Medical contradiction
Religious beliefs
Special cases
The special cases only have 30 days until the exemption is up. Exemptions Ways a child can know a situation isn’t good: Sanitation Bathrooms One gang toilet for each gender on each floor that must be at least 400ft from a classroom
Floors must be sloped for drainage
Individual classroom bathrooms provided for kindergarten through 2nd grade Drinking Fountains 1:150 ratio
Must be cleaned everyday 1:150 ratio
Must be cleaned everyday Drinking Fountains Must be done thoroughly
If there is a violation, a second opinion is needed
Health authorities can have access at any time Inspections Strongly enforced to have one in each school
At least one toilet and sink
Bed/couch with waterproof materials Health Rooms Safety Drills Each school district should develop crisis plans and emergency guidelines. Schools are prepared for crisis and emergency situations if: 1. They have trained faculty and staff.
2. They test and improve school security and emergency plans.
3. They regularly practice emergency plans. Greenwood District 50 How to be prepared for a fire drills: 1. Take it seriously.
2. Know your escape route beforehand.
3. Review with your students what your expectations
are before your first fire drill.
4. Remain calm.
5. Have your students line up and stay in line.
6. Grab your attendance book.
7. Check the room for students.
8. Get to outside destination. How Realistic Should Intruder Drills Be? Howe Hall Arts-Infused Magnet School in Goose Creek, SC Tornado Drills 1. Curled up position on the floor
2. Hands behind your head to protect your face.
3. Go underneath a large, sturdy object like a desk or
table.
4. Move to a room without windows or a large roof
(avoid gyms, cafeterias, and auditoriums). Injury Prevention Entrances and Exits
Windows
Floors
Walls
Ceilings
Toys and Supplies
Poison Prevention
Bathrooms Injury Prevention Top 10 Most Common Injuries 1. Car
2. Sleep
3. Household chemicals
4. Pool
5. Bicycle 6. School bus
7. School
8. Gun
9. Eating
10. Sports Statistics Each year, approximately 205,860 children are injured on playgrounds.
45% of playground injuries are severe, such as fractures, broken bones, and concussions.
46% of these injuries are on school playgrounds. Regulations of Grounds Appropriate surface materials include:
sand
pea gravel
wood chips
mulch
shredded rubber Surfacing should be at least 12in deep and extend at least 6ft in all directions around equipment.
For swings, surface area should be the height x2 in the front and back (i.e. If the swing is 10ft tall, the surfacing should extend 20ft both ways). Preventing Injuries on the Playground Prevent unsafe behavior like pushing, shoving, and crowding.
Make sure children are using the proper age appropriate equipment.
Remove anything that can be caught in the equipment like necklaces, scarves, and purses. Statistics Signs of Bullying What We Can Do To Help Bullying in Schools What is Bullying? Direct behaviors such as teasing, taunting, threatening, hitting, and stealing that are initiated by one or more students against a victim. Statistics Approximately 15% of students are either bullied regularly or are initiators of bullying behavior.
Verbal abuse seems to remain constant throughout schooling.
Boys engage in bullying more frequently than girls. Bullies often come from homes where physical punishment is used.They seem to need power and control.Victims typically appear anxious, insecure, cautious, and suffer from low self-esteem. Signs of Bullying Put whole-school bullying policies into place.
Implement curricular measurement.
Improve school ground environment.
Empower students through conflict resolution. What We Can Do To Help safety in the Classroom Safety in the Classroom Entrances and Exits
Steps and ramps should have sturdy handrails.
Windows
Keep them locked at all times
Floors
Free of debris and tripping hazards
Walls
Cover all electrical outlets Ceilings
Make sure all ceiling tiles are properly placed
Toys and Supplies
Check them regularly for rough or sharp edges, splinters, chipping paint, etc.
Poison Prevention
Keep cleaning materials in a locked cabinet that is out of reach.
Bathrooms
Make sure bathroom fixtures are child-sized. What is child safety? Safety is being protected from harm related to the physical, social, mental, and emotional well-being of a child. How would you react? You are a teacher in a second grade classroom. One of your students comes to you and tells you that every morning and afternoon on the bus, a middle school student pushes him out of his seat and causes the bus driver to get on to him for being a hazard in the aisle. How would you react as an educator? Brainpop Jr.
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