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Medusa's Family Tree

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by

Gage Mossberger

on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of Medusa's Family Tree

Medusa
Poseidon
Pegasus
Chrysaor
Echidna
Typhon/Typhoeus
Phorcys
Ceto
Stheno
Eryale
OR
Cronus
Rhea
Echidna was a monster that played a huge role in Greek mythology. Her appearance was quite frightening as she was a creature made up of a nymph and a serpent. Her role was to give birth to many of the monsters in Greek mythology. She bore Orthus, Cerberus, the Hydra of Lerna, and the Chimera after mating with Typon ("Echidna in Greek Mythology"). It isn't known whether she gave birth Medusa and her two sisters or not ("Who is Medusa?"). She is also said to have given birth to the Sphinx and the Nemean Lion after mating with Orthus ("Echidna in Greek Mythology").
It is more commonly believed that Medusa'a parents were Phorcys and Ceta, but some stories say that Echidna and Typhon were the parents. Her sisters names were Stheno and Eryale. Medusa was the only mortal out of the three Gorgon sisters, and she was also the leader of them. Her name literally means "queen" or "ruler." Perseus killed Medusa while on a quest. Athena and Hermes told Perseus that the only to kill Medusa was to decapitate her. He used her reflection to see Medusa without being turned to stone and cut off her head. As payment to Athena for helping him, Perseus gave the head of Medusa to her and mounted it on her shield (Grischy).
Pegasus was result of Poseidon and Medusa in Athena's temple. Pegasus sprang from Medusa's after Perseus decapitated her and was eventually tamed by Bellerophon. Pegasus served as his steed through many of Bellerophon's travels including the death of the Chimera. On their way to Mount Olympus, Zeus caused Pegasus to buck and throw Bellerophon off of him. He continued flying to the top of the mountain and spent the rest of his life carrying lightning bolts for Zeus ("Pegasus").
Chrysaor was also born of Medusa when Perseus decapitated her. Ther isn't much known about Chrysaor other than that he was a great warrior. His name translates to "Golden Sword." His appearance is unknown, but he may have been a giant ("Chrysaor").
Stheno was one of the three Gorgon sisters, and she was know as the most aggressive. Her name actually means "forceful" or "mighty." She was thought to be the Gorgon that killed the most humans out of the three. She was also with Medusa when Perseus killed her. However, it is unknown whether she was sleeping or not (Grischy).
Eryale was another of the Gorgon sisters who was known mainly for thunderous cries. Her name means "far-roaming" or "wide salt sea." According to an ancient Greek poet, Athena invented the flute to try and recreate the sounds Eryale made when mourning her sister (Grischy).
Typhoeus was birthed by Gaea as a last attempt at helping the Titans win against the Olympians. He was a fire breathing dragon with a hundred heads that never sleeps. He almost won against the Olympians by making most of the Gods flee and capturing Zeus, but Hermes was able to free him. Zeus was then able to take care of Typhoeus with his lightning bolts. He now resides under Mount Etna in Sicily ("Typhoeus").
It is more commonly agreed that Phorcys, a "merman-seagod," was the father of Medusa (Grischy).
Ceto is believed by most to be Medusa's mother. She was a sea monster that inspired the name Cetaceans, which is what whales and other porpoises are called (Grischy).
Cronus was the leader of the Titans during their time of power. He came to power by castrating his father. He fathered the first of the Olympians, and ate them to be sure he would be safe. His wife Rhea fooled him and hid Zeus from him so he could grow up. The overthrew his father and the rest of the Titans and expelled them to Tartarus in the underworld ("Cronus").
Rhea was Cronus' wife. She was displeased with her husband eating her kids, so she tricked Cornus into swallowing a rock instead her child, Zeus. Zeus eventually banished all the Titans to Tartarus and took control over the world with the other gods ("Cronus").
Medusa's Family Tree
Poseidon is the God of the Sea. He gained this title after he sided with Zeus and Hades for a share of the world, and he decided to rule over the Earth's waters. He desired Demeter at one point, and she told him to make the world's most beautiful animal. After many failures, he created the horse, however, by the time he did so, his love for Demeter had faded. He eventually married Amphitrite ("Poseidon").
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