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"Night to His Day": The Social Construction of Gender

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Alec Nimaroff

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of "Night to His Day": The Social Construction of Gender

"Night to His Day": The Social Construction of Gender
By Alec Nimaroff

Judith Lorber
What Is Gender?
Connection to Gender
Born in Brooklyn, New York on November 28, 1931.
Taught Sociology and Women's studies at Fordham University, the CUNY Graduate Center and Brooklyn college until 1995.
Graduated from Queens College, CUNY in 1952 and received an M.A. and Ph.D. from New York University in 1971.
She currently lives in New York, NY
Chair of the ASA Sex and Gender Section in 1992-93; Awarded the Jessie Bernard Award in 1996
How is Gender Constructed?
Why is it important?

Gender: Is a human production that depends on everyone constantly "doing gender." (West and 'Zimmerman 1987)

"Doing Gender"
- On subway man holds baby (father) and baby wears flower sneakers and lace trimmed socks
-Women recruits in the U.S. Marine Corps are required to wear makeup

Starts with an assignment at birth
Parents - Parents dress their babies based on their genders to avoid confusion
Environmental influences- encouraged by culture in the environment
Internal Influences- Emotions/Motivations
How is gender a Social Institution?

Why is it important?

There is a need of gender as a way of structuring social life. This requires gender statuses to be clearly differentiated.

-gender creates the social differences that define "woman" and "man."

-In most societies genders rank men higher than women.
Wo + man = Not A Man.
-What men do is usually valued more highly than what women do

How is gender a Social Institution?
What Is Gender?
How Is Gender Constructed?
Gender is not made up of biological differences between boys and girls. It is based off of hormones, genes and biological evolution.
A Third gender is included in some societies called berdaches. These are men who behave like social women. Transvestites and transsexuals are not considered a third gender.
She finishes her work by summarizing how gender devaluates women and creates a social domination of men..

Do you agree with this?

Should gender affect social structure?

What are ways we can change this?

Looks at other works written about gender
Method: She takes a very analytical approach. Structures her texts well based off her research

Evidence: She uses factual statements and encounters to prove all of her points. Provides statements from other sources

Gender is a social construction that doesn't necessarily flow through genitalia and reproductive organs. Social statuses are carefully constructed through arranged processes of teaching, learning, copying, and enforcement.
How does gender differ than sex?
Full transcript