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Degree Essay. Part 3: Ethics and Practicalities

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Vasiliy Gorbachev

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of Degree Essay. Part 3: Ethics and Practicalities

Degree Essay. Part 3: Ethics and Practicalities (1)
Research Ethics: “golden rules”
1. Respect
2. Truth and honesty
3. Accuracy

What should you do if you've been barking up the wrong tree?
Plagiarism
– copying directly from someone else’s work without acknowledging.

Ways of avoiding:
1. Paraphrasing
2. Summarising
3. Synthesising
4. Referencing (citing).

Paraphrasing
- expressing the author’s ideas in your own words.

What you need to change:
1. paragraph structure
2. words

You do NOT need to change:
1. length of the text
2. field terminology (no synonyms)

Summarising
- concise presentation of the author’s main points.

What should NOT be changed:
1. the ideas themselves
2. the degree of certainty

What will help you:
1. topic sentences
2. introduction and conclusion (if you summarise an article)
3. keywords

Synthesising
- combining ideas from different sources or even authors.

What does it demonstrate?
1. that you have read widely on the topic
2. that you can utilise and refer to a variety of sources
3. that you have ‘digested’ a volume of info to strengthen your own argument

Steps:
1. Read and take notes of the key points and ideas
2. Compare them, find similarities, differences and shades (e.g. degree of certainty)
3. Group them together and pick out matching linking devices
4. Write a comprehensive paragraph with appropriate referencing

Referencing

If you are not the first, pay a due tribute to your precursors!

Video: http://emedia.rmit.edu.au/learninglab/content/what-referencing
Full transcript