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World War 2 Power Project
Transcript of World War 2 Power Project
Lindsey Social Political Economic Political Economic Political Economic Germany needed someone to blame for WW1
U.S. was isolationist (less of a threat to Germany)
Expansionism: Germany, Japan, Italy, U.S.S.R. Global depression: countries needed an economic stimulant
Dawes Plan: plan for other European countries and U.S. to loan Germany money for war reparations (Germany was non-compliant)
Germany's currency was worth nothing Ineffectiveness of League of Nations
Spanish civil war (alliances)
Germany helped Spanish nationalists (weapons test)
Japanese invade China, League of Nations lack of authority
Germany wanted control of Austria, used Anschluss
Alliance of Germany and Italy: Rome-Berlin Axis
Nazi Soviet pact: non-aggression pact, Germany and U.S.S.R. Germany challenged power of the remaining world powers
U.S. bans exports to former ally Japan after Pearl Harbor
Germany was quick to attack France because of the hatred between them after WW1 After World War I the world powers were Great Britain, France, the US, and the Soviet Union. The beginning of World War II would bring a big power shift. Germany controlled a huge chunk of Europe by 1940: Poland, France, large area of U.S.S.R, Baltic states, Norway, Netherlands, Denmark, Luxembourg, and Belgium (only Great Britain remained)
Japan joined the Rome-Berlin Axis once France was controlled by Germany (now Rome-Berlin-Tokyo) Giant need for military supplies
All the men being at war meant women were relied on to do jobs they weren't custom to doing
The destruction of towns and cities made a need for rebuilding=more construction workers
People had to ration food for themselves to allow for food to go to the militarily
U.S. joining the war created jobs to make war supplies (food, ammo, gear, etc.), which led to an increase in economic activity With Germany's "blitzkrieg" warfare, they conquered much of Europe. They were on the offensive and power had shifted into their hands as they were virtually unstoppable early in the war. 38 million deaths in Europe
22 million deaths in Russia
Women became activists for more rights 50 countries met to create the United Nations (still in effect today)
Cold war began between U.S.S.R and U.S; communism vs. democracy (iron curtain brought down)
UN creates State of Israel for Jewish Holocaust survivors and refugees, so they could have their own state where there would be no persecution
Germany was divided into East (U.S.S.R) and West (France, GB, U.S.) Creation of the atomic bomb= creation of more advanced weaponry and nuclear warfare (impacted the nuclear war scares we have today)
Increased spying techniques(radar&sonar)
Marshall Plan: sent food and assistance to Europe to prevent communism
Huge merchant shipping costs/losses due to the submarine warfare After a war fighting over world control with the Axis Powers defeated, Russia and the US come out on top of the world. Battle of Britain First German "loss" - they didn't achieve their goals Pearl Harbor Battle of Midway V-E Day V-J Day Atomic Bombs December 7, 1941 - Japan attacks the US naval base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, killing 2000+ people; this prompts the US to enter the war the next day, and Germany and Japan declare war on the US. June 4, 1942 - The US stops Japan's advancement to take over more Pacific Islands. August 1942 - February 1943 - Germany loses a large chunk of its military due to unpreparedness of the harsh Russian winters. After this battle, Russia begins to push Germany back to their borders. June 6, 1944 - Allies cross English Channel and land in Normandy, France; they start to push Germany out of France, resulting in the liberation of France; the Allies can now turn their full attention to attacking Germany and Japan. The US drops two atomic bombs on Japan in Hiroshima (Aug. 6, 1945) and Nagasaki (Aug. 9, 1945). On May 8, 1945, Germany surrenders, 7 days after the suicide of Adolf Hitler. On August 10, 1945, Japan surrenders, following the dropping of the two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.