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Transcript of lsa2010 crime
Positive Theory Classical criminology- crime happens because of a conscious choice
•PRO to CON decisions
Positive (Modern) criminology- crime happens because of there are external forces which influences a person towards criminality. Forces do not guarantee a decisions to commit crime, but make the decision more likely.
There are three categories of positive criminology
Classical Criminology Theories:
Free will theory – Beccaria
– weighting the benefits to harms: logical choice.
Hedonistic Calculus Theory – Bentham
– Do things to get what you want.
Rational Choice Theory – Thing done to feel good, not thinking of consequence.
Atavism- Lombroso (father of modern criminology)
-criminal was an immoral person, a sort of throwback to primitive man who had not developed to the same biological level as the modern, non-criminal man. The "born criminal", a being who was pre-designed for criminal behavior due to his physical configuration. Normally from a degenerate family with frequent cases of insanity, deafness, syphilis, epilepsy and alcoholism among its members. Biological Theories The conscious mind-
•includes everything that we are aware of.
•This is the aspect of our mental processing that we can think and talk about rationally.
•A part of this includes our memory, which is not always part of consciousness but can be retrieved easily at any time and brought into our awareness.
The unconscious mind-
•feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories that outside of our conscious awareness.
•Most of the contents of the unconscious are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict.
•The unconscious continues to influence our behavior and experience, even though we are unaware of these underlying influences. Psychoanalysis Theory- Freud Psychological Theories Sociological Theories Chicago School Theory -
Is focused on human behavior as determined by social structures and physical environmental factors, rather than genetic and personal characteristics.
suroundings in fluence the way people act
If a kid grows up in a rich neighbor hood then he's less likely to commit crime, compared to a kid whom grows up in a rough neighborhood with alot of crime and violence. Physical
Traits Mental Enviromental Sites wiki.com