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Binge Eating Disorder

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Olivia Flick

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of Binge Eating Disorder

Binge Eating Disorder
Symptoms (DSM5)
Definition of Binge Eating (Mayo Clinic);
This is a serious eating disorder that a person will regularly consume unusually considerable amounts of food. This is not overeating on occasions, for example overeating at holiday meals. For some people, overeating "crosses the line to binge-eating disorder" and it becomes a normal occurrence, usually done in private.

If you have binge-eating disorder, you may be "deeply embarrassed about gorging" and promise yourself to stop. But there is a compulsory urges that are irresistible to binge eat. If a person has binge-eating disorder, treatment may help.

Prevalence
3.5 percent of women and 2 percent of men reported having binge-eating disorder
Some researchers believe that BED is the most common eating disorder, affecting 15% - 50% of participants in weight control programs
0.7% - 4% of the general population of population
Binge eating disorder probably affects 2 percent of all adults, or about 1 million to 2 million Americans. Among adolescent and young adult women of America, as much as 4 percent suffer from binge-eating disorder.
Etiologies
Recurring binge-eating episodes:
Eating within a defined period and amount of food larger than what most people will eat.
Lack of control over their eating in an episode
Binge episodes are considered of one or more
Eating faster than normal
Eating "until uncomfortably full"
Eating large amounts of food when not truly hungry
Eating alone because embarrassment of eating habits
Feeling disgust, depressed, or guilty of eating habits
Distress over binge eating
Episodes show up normally once a week for three months
Level of Binge eating severity (DSM5)
Mild: 1-3 episodes per week
Moderate: 4-7 episodes a week
Severe: 8-13 episodes per week
Extreme: <14 episodes a week
Diagnosis (DSM5)
Basically, one episode a week will get you diagnosed with binge eating disorder
CulturalVariances (HelpGuide.org)
Cultural Variance in Diagnosis (PSY231)
Because it is more prevalent in western cultures, it takes a lot more to convince eastern culture doctors of disorder.
Biological
The hypothalamus (the part of the brain that controls appetite) may not be sending correct messages about hunger and fullness.
Researchers have also found a genetic mutation that appears to cause food addiction.
Finally, there is evidence that low levels of the brain chemical serotonin play a role in compulsive eating.
Cognitive
Feelings of embarrassment over eating too much in the past seven days were greatest among Native Americans (13.5%), followed by Asians (11.3%), Whites (7.1%), Hispanics (7.0%), and Blacks (6.8%).
Hispanic women had a greater fear of losing control than did the other groups. In this analysis, 5.6% of Hispanics reported they would not be able to stop eating once they started, followed by Asians (3.6%), Native Americans (3.0%), Blacks (2.7%), and Whites (2.6%).
The relationship between embarrassment and fear of losing control was positively correlated but the correlation was low, suggesting there is considerable independence between feeling of embarrassment and fear of losing control over binge eating. This independence is further supported by the finding that ethnic-racial groups differentially endorse a fear of losing control and feelings of embarrassment related to binge eating.
Depression and binge eating are strongly linked. Many binge eaters are either depressed or have been before; others may have trouble with impulse control and managing and expressing their feelings. Low self-esteem, loneliness, and body dissatisfaction may also contribute to binge eating.
Sociocultural
There have also been gender differences noted in the labeling of behavior; for example, men do not label the ingestion of a large quantity of food as binging (Franco, Tamburrino, Carroll, & Bernal, 1988). Men appear to be more interested in shape than weight, although the two are clearly related (Anderson & Di Domenico, 1992).
Puberty causes a change in women’s bodies to move away from the ideal body image.
A Canadian study reported that a large percentage of younger women feel that their body weight is too high and are trying to lose weight even when their weights are within is too high and are trying to lose weight even when their weights are within, or below, the range that is considered healthy (Green et al., 1997)
Because the symptom are mostly about over eating and lack of control there isn't much cultural or gender difference in symptoms.
However, not all men recognize that they have binge eating. They're just eating.
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