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Transcript of Interdisciplinary Project
-Southern Sudan: Primarily Christian Islam spread to the South
with salt traders from the North.
Northern salt traders gave Southern tribal chiefs
salt and clothes for the right to live and trade in the region.
They would tell the chiefs about their God, Allah, and alot of Southern tribes adopted Islam due to this. When it spread to the Dinka and Neur tribes many refused: As cattle keepers they didn't have time to meditate 5 times a day. Converted tribes, Murahiliin, were sent to
attack southern villages
that had not converted by the Northern Islamic tribes.
Northern Sudan needed
Southern Sudan's fertile lands,
due to the Nile River that ran through Southern Sudan,
to sustain themselves. 1983 The Northern Sudan gov't declares Sharia Law for all of Sudan
Sharia refers to the way that a Muslim should live their life and is derived from the Quran, the sacred text of Islam
5 Pillars of Islam: profession of faith, prayers, fasting, giving of alms, and pilgrimage to Mecca Discussion Question:
Why do people try to force their religion on others? POLITICS & SUDAN Colonial rule of Sudan by Europe
haults indutrialization until the 1970's Lack of capital, technical and scientific know-how and markets leads to the exploitation of natural resources by the Northern Sudansese after being freed from European control. The Northern Sudanese forces began to exploit the untouched resources of Southern Sudan but gave the profits to Northern Sudanese elites. This combined with the Sharia Laws and the redividing of Southern Sudan by General Nimeiri were the most well known causes of the Civil War. The SPLA (Sudanese People's Liberation Army)
rose up to the Northern forces and consisted mainly
of poor Southern Sudanese people from rural tribes. Abjure conference in June 1992- the move by Garang towards the advocates of separation of the South shows the
true seperation of North and South Sudan Crisis in Sudan with the Darfur Genocide shows the continued political inability of the country to function efficiently with the North and Southern Sudanese people at peace Discussion Question:
Is it okay for a body of people to exploit the resources of someone else for their own good? Sources:
Deng, Benson, Alephonsion Deng, and Benjamin Ajak. They Poured Fire on Us From the Sky. New York: Public Affairs, 2005. Print.
Suliman, Mohamed. "Civil War in Sudan: The Impact of Ecological Degradation." UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA - AFRICAN STUDIES CENTER (1994): n.pag. Web. 26 Apr. 2010.
REUTERS. "Sudan: Rebels Accuse Army of Attack." New York Times 26 Feb. 2010: 9. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 25 Apr. 2010.
Rolandsen, Øystein H. "The First Sudanese Civil War: Africans, Arabs, and Israelis in the Southern Sudan, 1955-1972." Journal of Peace Research 47.1 (2010): 102-103. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 25 Apr. 2010.