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Transcript of Dry Climate
Animals adapted to live in deserts are called xerocoles. Deserts usually don´t have a lot of food or water. Coyotes will eat almost anything available to them where ever they are; fruits, rodents, small animals, and garbage. Coyotes are clever animals that adjust to their environment. Other animals are kangaroo rat, bobcat, snakes and thorny devils.
Steppe is a grassland that is often found in the borders of deserts. They are three types of steppes: temperate, cold, and subtropical. If it got more rain, it would become a forest. If it got less rain, it would become a desert.
It is Earth's hottest and driest climate. Deserts usually have very little rainfall 17-25cm a year. The ways of classifying deserts include the amount of precipitation that falls, the temperature that prevails or their geographical locations.
Where it is?
Most deserts lie between 15° and 35° north and south of the equator. They were created by air that rises over the equator and comes down over the Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn . All over the world many deserts lie in these regions.
What are they like?
They are very hot in the day because the sun heats the air to high temperatures, and at night because when the sun sets, the hot air and ground radiates the heat back into space, leaving very cold air. They can reach 54° Celsius!
Plants here need to solve problems like how to obtain enough water and how to reproduce. Cactus survive because they store water in their stems for many days. Some other desert plants are Mojave aster, Joshua tree, ocotillo, jumping cholla, saguaro cactus, barrel cactus and palo verde.
Where it is?
They are usually found between deserts and forests, in the interiors of large continents and in the lee of high mountains.
What it is like?
They have hot summer and cool winters. Their precipitation is about 25-50cm a year. The mountains block moist air from oceans or tropical climates. Trees only grow near rivers.
Some plants are the fringed sagebrush, milk vetch, sweet vernal, rhubarb, and the tumbleweed. These plants are adapted to these type of climate.
Some animals that are found in the steppe climate are the corsac fox, saker falcon, Mongolian gerbil, saiga antelope, and the northern lynx.