Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

history of chicago

No description
by

Mia M.

on 24 March 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of history of chicago

Treaty of Greenville MERCY HOSPITAL WATER TOWER JANE ADDAMS RIVER REVERSAL ADLER PLANETARIUM CHICAGO BLIZZARD SEARS TOWER HAROLD WASHINGTON MILLENNIUM PARK The planning for Millennium Park began in the October of 1997. It celebrated the new millenium. It was supposed to be opened in 2000, but construction issues delayed the opening until July 2004. It is 24.5 acres. It cost 475 million dollars. Most of the money cam from private donors. It won the 2009 Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence. It has a pavillion, theater, foutain, garden, cloud gate, ice skating rink, plaza, art galleries, and many more activities. HISTORIC EVENTS IN CHICAGO The Treaty of Greenville was signed after Anthony Wayne defeated the Native American forces in the Battle of Fallen Timbers. It was signed on August 3rd, 1795 in Fort Greenville, Ohio. It established a boundary between Native American territory and land that was open for white settlement. The Native Americans gave up their claims to lands in the southeastern part of the Northwest Territory. They could still hunt on the lands they gave up though. The Americans gave up lands north and west of a certain boundary. They could still establish trading posts there though. They also gave the Native Americans $20,000 in goods for signing the treaty, and agreed to pay them $9,500 annually for them to divide amongst themselves. Neither group abided by the the treaty though, and the fighting continued. The Treaty of Greenville was signed after Anthony Wayne defeated the Native American forces in the Battle of Fallen Timbers. It was signed on August 3rd, 1795 in Fort Greenville, Ohio. It established a boundary between Native American territory and land that was open for white settlement. The Native Americans gave up their claims to lands in the southeastern part of the Northwest Territory. They could still hunt on the lands they gave up though. The Americans gave up lands north and west of a certain boundary. They could still establish trading posts there though. They also gave the Native Americans $20,000 in goods for signing the treaty, and agreed to pay them $9,500 annually for them to divide amongst themselves. Neither group abided by the the treaty though, and the fighting continued. FIRST SETTLER Jean DuSable was the first permanent settler to live in Chicago. He was African American. His full name was Jean Baptiste Point DuSable. As a boy he was educated in France, because his father was a French mariner. Then, in the 1770s he sailed to New Orleans. From there he sailed to Chicago. He met and married a Potawatomi woman and married her 1778. In 1779 he built a spacious cabin a. long the northern bank of the Chicago River. He established a trading post and traded with Native Americans, The British, and the French. He spoke English, Spanish, French, And some Native American dialects, so trading wasn't difficult. He died in 1818. Mercy hospital was Chicago's first hospital. It was established in 1851 by Nathan Smith Davis. He was an important physician who was the founder of the AMA ( American Medical Association). The hospital was first named the Illinois General Hospital of the Lakes. He couldn't find steady funds for the hospital at first though, so he employed the Sisters of Mercy, and they helped. The Sisters Of Mercy were a religious institute of Catholic women. The Sisters of Mercy put the hospital back on its feet, and then they changed its name to Mercy Hospital. During the 1860s, the Civil War time period, they treated wounded soldiers. It really got popular during the 1870s. In 1871, the Chicago Fire happened, but the hospital didn't burn because it was on the outside of the city. It treated the patients wounded in the fires, and that's what gave it a lot of recognition. The Chicago Water Tower was created for Chicago's municipal water system. It was designed by William W. Boyington, who was a famous architect. The construction period was from 1867-1869. It was one of the few buildings that were downtown that survived the Chicago Fire. A forty meter standpipe that regulated water pressure was inside the building. In May 1969, it was picked to be the 1st American Water Landmark. It is now a museum. Its located along the Magnificent Mile CHICAGO FIRE The Chicago Fire started on October 8, 1871. That summer it was hot, and so the ground was dry. Lots of the city was made out of wood, so that was another large factor . The fire started at the O'Leary house. The firefighters went to the wrong address at first, so by the time they got to the right one, the fire was out of control. It spread all the way across the city. It lasted for two days. The rain finally put the fire out. It left at least 300 people dead, and about 100,000 people homeless. 200 million dollars worth of property was destroyed. It is the largest fire in Chicago history. Jane Addams was born in 1860. She grew up motherless and physically disabled. She grew up in a small town in Illinois In 1877 she went to the Rockford Seminary College. She graduated in 1881, but there was nowhere for women to work that interested her. In 1888 she visited Toynbee Halll in England. Toynbee Hall served one of London's poorest neighboorhoods with recreational activites and human services. That inspired her to create one of those in America. In 1889 she and her friend, Ellen Starr bought a run down mansion that was previously owned by a man named Charles Hull. She first set up a daycare for little cildren because mothers had to go to work and leave them alone at home. After that she created a kindergarden, a boys club, and a coffe shop for the adults. It grew over the years. She also created a campaign against sweatshops. Sweatshps were overcrowded and unsanitary workplaces. Due to her persistance, in 1893 Illinois passed a bill about factoriees and minors. She won a Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 for her work with peace organizations. She died in 1935. The Hull Houuse is now a museum that covers about a city block. COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION The Columbian Exposition happened in 1893. It celebrated the 400th anniversary off Columbus discovering America and also te progress of American civilization. It was either going to be held in New York, Washington D.C., St. Louis, or Chicago. In 1890 President Harrison made Chicago the official location. It tool three years for the exposition to be set up. The fair opened to the public on May 1, 1893. More than 27 million people came. It spanned over 633 acres. The Ferris Wheel was first unveiled there. It had lectures, sold concessions, had new music and theatre, and lots more. It closed on October 30, 1893. The Columbian Exposition influenced te development of American culture and ways of life In 1900, the Chicago River was reversed. The reversal prevented deaths from many waterborne diseases. Sewage and factory waste was dumped into the Chicago River. The river was connected to Lake Michigan, where the drinking water was. When the river flooded, it went into the lake and polluted it. The goverment came up with the idea of the "Big Ditch" The ditch would reverse the flow and send the dirty water into the Mississippi. People in St. Louis were naturally opposed to this, but Chicago went ahead with there plans anyway. On New Years day, the river completely reversed The Adler Planetarium was America's first planetarium. It was founded by Max adler in 1930. In 1928 he went to Europe and that inspiried him to bring their ideas back to America and build a place to showcase them. The planetarium was made a National Historic Ladmark in 1987. It currently has three theaters, an ammazing skyline view, new exhibits, summer camps, and lots more. One of the biggest blizzards in Chicago history happened in 1967. The snow fell for 30 hours straight. The snow started falling on Janurary 6th. Only four inches was predicted. The snow finally stopped on the evening of Janurary 7th, and by then there were 23 inches of snow on the ground. Thieves had their golden oppurtuites, as the police couldn't come if someone called 911. The grocery stores were emptied. Many people were stranded at their job or at school. They had to stay there until the streets got cleaned Construction on the Sears Tower began in August of 1970. The building was comissioned by Sears Roebuck and Company. It was designed by architect Bruce Graham and engineer Fazlur Khan. Construction finished on May 3rd, 1973. The final cost were about 150 million dollars. It is 110 stories, or 1,450 feet. In the Feburary of 1982 the two antennas were added, and that increased the eight of the building by 280 feet, bringing te final height to 1,730 feet. It was the tallest building in the world in for 23 years. In 1996 the Petronas twin towers in Malaysia were built just 29 feet higher. It is currently the second tallest building in North America. The observation deck is a huge attraction bringing 1.3 million visitors every year. In 2009 it was renamed the Willis tower after the isurance compant that covers it, Willis Group Holdings. Many people still call it the Sears Towers, though. Harold Washington was born in 1922. He went to DuSable high school. He got a law degree from Northwestern University in 1951. In 1965 he was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives. In 1976 he was elected to the Illinois Senate. In 1977 he ran for mayor, but he lost. In 1983 he ran against republican Bernard Epton. It was a close win. He was elected to be the 51st mayor of Chicago. He was the first African American mayor for Chicago. He died in 1987 in his second term. The Harold Washington Library was named after him. CHICAGO HEATWAVE On July 13, 1995 the temerature rose to 106 degrees. The heat index (a combination of heat and humidity) was 120 degrees. The heatwave lasted for about a weet. During that time lots of people didn't have air conditioning, just fans, which just blowed the hot air around. About 50,000 people lost thier electricity. Fire hydrants were opened, so many people also lost water pressure. The heat caused to roads to buckle. People developed severe heats related illinesses and hospitals were overcrowed. At the end of the week over 700 people died. It was one of the worst weather related disasters in Illinois history. NATO SUMMIT On May 20-21 of 2012, Chicago hosted the NATO summit. NATO stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It was established in 1949 after WWII. It is an alliance between nations. 28 countries currently belong in it. The purpose is to protect the freedom of all its members. The goal is to establish transatlantic peace.
Full transcript