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Timeline: First Battle of Manassas

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Katie Berndt

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of Timeline: First Battle of Manassas

July 16, 1861 Union general Irvin McDowell begins his advance against Confederates guarding Manassas Junction July 19, 1861 Joseph E. Johnston's Confederate troops from the Shenandoah Valley begin arriving by the Manassas Gap Railroad to reinforce Confederate general P.G.T. Beauregard near Manassas Junction. July 20, 1861 Confederate general Joseph E. Johnston arrives at P.G.T. Beauregard's headquarters near Manassas Junction. July 21, 1861; 6:00 AM Union general Daniel Tyler begins the First Battle of Manassas with his demonstration at Stone Bridge. (the "demonstration" was used to attract Confederate attention while the flanking column started toward Sudley Ford) July 21, 1861; 9:30 AM The Union flanking column's lead troops, commanded by Ambrose E. Burnside, cross Sudley Ford across Bull Run. July 21, 1861; 10:00 AM Union troops under Ambrose E. Burnside begin fighting with Confederates under Nathan "Shanks" Evans positioned on Matthews Hill during the First Battle of Manassas. July 21, 1861; 11:30 AM Confederate forces at Matthews Hill retire to Henry House Hill during the First Battle of Manassas. Union general Irvin McDowell halts his advance, giving the Confederates time to consolidate their new position. July 21, 1861; 2:00-3:00 PM Fighting around Henry House Hill winds down during the First Battle of Manassas. July 21, 1861; 3:00 PM Union colonel Oliver Otis Howard advances on Chinn Ridge, a prominence that would aid the Union troops in dislodging Confederate forces posted on Henry House Hill during the First Battle of Manassas. July 21, 1861; midafternoon Union troops, turned back at Chinn Ridge and failing to take Henry House Hill, begin to withdraw toward Centreville during the First Battle of Manassas. Soon, the retreat becomes a rout, with many of Irvin McDowell's men rushing pell-mell back to Centreville. McDowell determines the army must return to Washington, D.C. July 26, 1861 George B. McClellan, having been summoned to Washington, D.C., by U.S. president Abraham Lincoln, is given command of Union troops there. General George McClellan General Irvin McDowell Union Troops Gen. Johnston Gen. Beauregard Manassas Junction
(after the battle) Manassas Junction, July 1861 Gen. Tyler Stone Bridge crossing Gen. Burnside Sudley Ford, 1861 Matthews Hill Nathan Evans Aftermath at Henry House Hill Gen. Howard First Battle of Bull Run (First Battle of Manassas)
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