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Transcript of Prohibition
A Nation of Drunkards Turned Scofflaws
The Temperance Movement
The Anti saloon league
Law and order
Ending of prohibition
A crooked justice system
From Bootleggers and scofflaws to Americas first mobsters
The 21st Amendment
-Ratifying this amendment effectively ended prohibition although some states continued to ban alcohol
-Due to the massive amount criminals and criminal activity the prohibition "experiment" was ended
Alcohol and Immigration
-Immigrants such as the Irish. Italian, and Germans had large cultural connections to drinking and alcohol
-Many Immigrant Families had successful businesses brewing beer or distilling liquor
-Well known immigrant brewers included Schlitz, Pabst, and Bass
-Were major social hubs for villages and cities alike
-As immigration in the U.S. Skyrocketed so did the number of saloons
- In one small neighborhood of Chicago there were over 200 saloons in a 5 block area
-The economy which had currently stalled due to the sale of alcohol being illegal was brought even further down by the great depression
-Organized on December 23, 1873, in Hillsboro Ohio
-Became a major political player, even to the point where they successfully lobbied to teach temperance in public schools
-This is wasn't entirely why however it also had to do with the banks mismanagement of money
The Craze for beer
-The Organization started to branch out into other social problems such as equality and higher education for women
-Alcohol is now legal and can be sold this allows companies who use to sell alcohol to return from other products
i.e. ice cream,root beer or sale of just malt
-The WCTU is still active today (albeit with much less political power)
-Was formed in 1893 in Oberlin Ohio
-Became a massive political power across the U.S
-Allied with the WCTU to help push the 18th amendment through Congress
Taxes and death
A Nation fueled by Alcohol
Profile: Wayne Wheeler
-The ASL was extremely good at spreading temperance propaganda
-Other than being the only two things sure in life they were also correlated to how much moonshine was sold illegally if not much moonshine was sold the state didn't lose much money for not having taxes on the moonshine and deaths would go down from lack of tainted alcohol if there was a lot of moonshine being sold the state lost a lot of money from taxes and also more people would die from tainted liquor.
-Was legal Superintendent of The ASL
-Would go on to prosecute over 2,000 prohibition
-Was Largely responsible for the Writing of The Volstead Act
The 18th Amendment
-The Manufacture, Sale, and transportation of "Intoxicating Liquor was banned"
-Was Ratified January 26th, 1919
-Even after losing business these organized mobs have remained influential in the underground world with "other talents" even now most notably the Russian mob who make money now through human trafficking drug trade and arms deals.
-Bootleggers ran rampant through rural areas producing massive amounts of illegal alcohol some of which was dangerous and was called tainted liquor
-Went into affect on January 29th, 1920
-Eventually after seeing the ever expanding market for booze large scale operations started underway churning out large amounts of booze for clients and money for the "mob" these were the start of organized crime
The Volstead Act
-Was enacted to Implement the 18th amendment
-Banned the production, sale, and transportation of "intoxicating beverages"
-Although there were loopholes including that alcohol could still be used for "medical purposes"
-Set up Prohibition agencies to enforce the laws and prosecute offenders.
The Prohibition Agencies
-Two agencies were set up: One was set up by the Treasury to enforce the law while the other was set up by the DOJ to prosecute offenders
-Both agencies were severely understaffed and underfunded
-Both agencies were filled with corruption and unneeded violence
Profile: Mabel Walker Willebrandt
-She was Assistant Attorney General from 1921-1929
-Was in charge of all Prohibition cases
-She became extremely committed even going so far as to personally oversee major cases
-Her nicknames on capital hill included "Prohibition Portia" and "Deborah of the Drys"
Moonshine in the country
Bootleggers in the city
Crooked cops and other Corrupted officials
From Saloons to Speakeasies
Profile: Roy Olmsted
-People would hide stills in Barns, deep in the forest, or in hollows and caves.
-White people would go to black communities to buy moonshine in a place where no one knew them
-Major Bootleggers had warehouses on large farms
-Major bootleggers had bases in New York, Chicago, Cincinnati, Seattle, and Miami
-Gang wars were started over territory and liquor supplies
-In Chicago a "Gang Constitution" was set up to stop violence between major gangs and to set up boundaries for territory
-Many Cops and Sheriffs were payed off and given liquor regularly to look the other way
-One major bootlegger would go directly to the cabinet to pay off officials
-Coolidge's "Ohio Gang" had a major hand in bootlegging and would later be plagued with corruption scandals
-Pharmacies and other shops had back rooms where liquor was sold
-Mobs branched into other businesses including money laundering and "protection"
-Hundreds of thousands of saloons and restaurants shut down when prohibition started
-"Speakeasies" or illegal bars started popping up everywhere
-Speakeasies were in basements, abandoned houses, and back rooms
-Was a Lieutenant on the Seattle Police force until he was fired for bootlegging 2 months into prohibition
-Payed off Police and town officials
-Became the largest employer in all of Seattle and was nicknamed "The Good Bootlegger"
-Based off of the more extreme "Teetotaler Movement"
-Largely based in the Protestant Church
-Preached voluntary moderation of alcohol
The great depression
-The bottom of the stock market fell out and the economy followed
-Banks and their clients had been mishandling money allowing other peoples money to be loaned in a night peoples money had been lost and banks gone bankrupt
-Because of the great Depression people were laid off or even fired by the thousands many people even farmers were in dire straits with very little money.
-However some states still outlawed the sale of alcohol
Prohibition. Prod. Ken Burns. Perf. Ken Burns and Lynn Novick. PBS, 2011. Netflix.
"Prohibition in the United States." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
Burns, Ken. "Prohibition." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
"Prohibition." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
"Temperance & Prohibition." Temperance & Prohibition. Ohio State University, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.