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The 4th Republic of the Philippines
Transcript of The 4th Republic of the Philippines
Republic of the
September 23, 197: President Ferdinand E. Marcos issued Presidential Proclamation No. 1081, placing the entire country under Martial Law. This coinc3ided with the closing of the sessions of both chambers of Congress.
1984: The IBP opened in the Batasan Pambansa in Quezon City.
Members of the Regular Batasang Pambansa (RBP) were elected.
1986: a popular revolt installed opposition leaders Corazon C. Aquino and Salvador H. Laurel as President and Vice President, respectively.
For both the IBP and RBP, the laws passed would be called “Batas Pambansa,” which did not continue the previous numbering of Republic Acts.
1976: Marcos created the Batasang Bayan in 1976, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 995, to serve as a legislative advisory council – a quasi-legislative machinery to normalize the legislative process for the eventual actualization of the 1973 Constitution.
The Batasang Bayan was replaced in 1978 by an elected unicameral body: the Interim Batasang Pambansa (IBP), a parliamentary legislature, as provided for in the 1973 Constitution.
April 7, 1978: elections for were held. Those elected to the IBP would be called Mambabatas Pambansa (Assemblymen) who would be elected per region, via a bloc-voting system.
July 23, 1984: RBP held its inaugural session
The Executive Branch
The Legislative Branch
June 16, 1981:
Ferdinand Marcos won the Presidential Election.
June 30, 1981:
President Marcos announced the beginning of the Fourth Republic during his inaugural speech.
The Philippine Economy falls to its knees.
August 21, 1983:
Assassination of Benigno Aquino Jr.
February 7, 1986:
Snap Presidential Election
1986 - 1987:
The final year of the Fourth Philippine Republic
The Judicial Branch
President Aquino later issued Proclamation № 9, creating a Constitutional Commission to frame a new charter to supersede the Marcos-era 1973 Constitution.
Aquino also deliberately appointed five members, including former Labour Minister Blas Ople, who had been allied with Marcos until the latter's ouster.
Muñoz-Palma had emerged as a leading figure in the anti-Marcos opposition movement following her retirement as the first female Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
• The ConCom completed their task on October 12, 1986 and presented the draft constitution to President Aquino on October 15, 1986.
A plebiscite for its ratification was held on February 2, 1987. More than three-fourths of all votes cast, or 76.37% (17,059,495 voters) favoured ratification versus 22.65% (or 5,058,714 voters) who voted against it.
February 11, 1987, the new Constitution was proclaimed, ratified and made effective, with Aquino, her government, and the Services pledging allegiance to the It later that day
• 1973, Justice Teehankee was part of the bloc that dissented from the implementation of the 1973 Constitution, spoke consistently that the Constitution must remain superior
1976 amendments to the Constitution wherein President Marcos continue to office not by reason of popular elections, but by referendum, and to serve as prime minister during the process of reorganization.
• Justice Teehankee’s values and ideals reached its culmination when he was sought to administer the oath of office of President Corazon C. Aquino at Club Filipino in San Juan at 10:00 a.m. at the height of the People Power Revolution, exactly two hours before President Marcos’s own presidential oath-taking at Malacanang before the serving Chief Justice at noon of February 25, 1986.
• 1986, following the People Power Revolution which ousted Ferdinand E. Marcos as President, and following on her own inauguration, Corazon C. Aquino issued Proclamation 3
*gov.ph/featured/declaration-of-martial-law/; *en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Philippines_(1965-86); *en.wikipilipinas.org; *gov.ph/about/gov/exec/