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Brisbane and Cairns
Transcript of Brisbane and Cairns
15.80C(60.44F) Max average temperature:
21.20C(70.16F) Min average temperature:
10.10C(50.18F) Mean temperature:
24.80C(76.64F) Max average temperature:
29.20C(84.56F) Min average temperature:
20.24C(68.43F) Climate of Cairns Wet season Dry season November - May Rainfall sometimes over
400 millimeters. Mean temperature:
37.5C(99.5F) June - October Rainfall average:
35 millimeters Mean temperature:
25.2C(77.3F) Average Sun 7.5 hours per day FUN FACT Dangerous Marine stinger
season. Can't swim due
to jellyfish, during dry
Cyclones during wet season History of Cairns The land originally belonged to the Walubarra Yidinji people. They knew the land as Gimuy. In 1770 James Cook first mapped the future site of Cairns and named it Trinity Bay. 100 years later several more official expeditions established its potential for becoming a port. Cairns was officially founded in 1876 The land was predominantly mangrove swamps and sand ridges. The success of local agriculture helped Cairns establish itself as a port. In 1906 the creation of a harbour board
helped support economic future. During WWII, Carins was used by Allied Forces as a staging base for operations in the Pacific In 1942 combat missions were flown out of Cairns in support of the Battle of the Coral Sea. After WWII, Cairns developed into a centre for tourism. ggghf Wild life Birds Mammals Reptiles Insects Water Life Ground Birds Ground birds dwell in thickets, forest, and grassy areas
eating and building their nest on the ground. They survive by mainly eating insecsts and seeds. They are usually well adapted for movement on the ground. Day Predatory Birds Night Birds Water Birds Cockatoos and Parrots Pigeons and Doves Snakes Turtles Lizards Frogs Beetles Butterflies and Moths Cicadas They hunt for their prey almost always by flight. They rely on
their sences, especially sight, to be able to find and hunt their food. The talons and beaks are are relatively large to be able to
tear threw the flesh of its prey. The females are in most cases bigger than their male companion. Fish Crustaceans Any of numerous insects of the order Coleoptera, having
biting mouth parts and forwings modified to form horny
coverings that protect the underlying pair of membranous
hind wings when at rest. Any of various aquatic or terrestrial reptiles of the order Testudines (or Chelonia), having horny toothless jaws and a bony or leathery shell into which the head, limbs, and tail can be withdrawn in most species.
Any of numerous limbless, scaly, elongate reptiles of the suborder Serpentes, comprising venomous and nonvenomous species inhabiting tropical and temperate areas. Any of numerous scaly reptiles of the suborder Sauria, order Squamata, typically having a moderately elongate body, a tapering tail, and two pairs of legs held outward from the body, comprising mostly terrestrial and burrowing species.
Any tailless, stout-bodied amphibian of the order Anura, including the smooth, moist-skinned frog species that live in a damp or semiaquatic habitat and the warty, drier-skinned toad species that are mostly terrestrial as adults. Any of various cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates, having gills, commonly fins, and typically an elongated body covered with scales. Any chiefly aquatic arthropod of the class Crustacea, typically having the body covered with a hard shell or crust, including the lobsters, shrimps, crabs, barnacles, and wood lice. Any large homopterous insect of the family Cicadidae, the male of which produces a shrill sound by means of vibrating membranes on the underside of the abdomen. Any of numerous diurnal insects of the order Lepidoptera, characterized by clubbed antennae, a slender body, and large, broad, often conspicuously marked wings.
Any of numerous insects of the order Lepidoptera, generally distinguished from the butterflies by having feathery antennae and by having crepuscular or nocturnal habits. Any of numerous hook-billed, often brilliantly colored birds of the order Psittaciformes, as the cockatoo, lory, macaw, or parakeet, having the ability to mimic speech and often kept as pets. Any of numerous large, noisy, crested parrots of the genera Cacatua, Callocephalon, Calyptorhynchus, etc., of the Australasian region, having chiefly white plumage tinged with yellow, pink, or red. Any bird of the family Columbidae, having a compact body and short legs, especially the larger species with square or rounded tails. Any bird of the family Columbidae, especially the smaller species with pointed tails. Queensland Queensland is a state of Australia that occupies the north-eastern section of the mainland continent. It is bordered by the Northern Territory to the west, South Australia to the south-west and New South Wales to the south To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. The state's population is concentrated in South East Queensland, which includes the capital Brisbane, Logan City, Redland City, Ipswich, Toowoomba, and the Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast. Other major regional centres include Cairns, Townsville, Mackay, Rockhampton, Bundaberg, Hervey Bay, Ingham and Mount Isa.
The state capital is Brisbane -Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary at Fig Tree Pocket
-Brisbane Forest Park at The Gap
-Lammington National Park
approximately 100km south of Brisbane Brisbane wildlife parks Population of brisbane- 4,406,800
3rd largest male Richmond Birdwing female Brisbane, the capital city, represents
45.7% of the population Glow Worms Glow worms are actually the larvae of the Fungus Gnat. The adult Fungus Gnat is mosquito-like in appearance. The larvae construct protective shelters along several with long thin silk threads with sticky globules on them. The light of the Glow worms is produced by two light-producing organs found on the end of the larvae.
Glow Worms hanging from their silk The adult from of Glow Worms known as the Gnat Tusked Frog The back of the Tusked Frog is warty with irregular markings. It's pair of tusks are on the front of it's lower jaw and bright red patches exist in the groin and back of leg. Emerald-spotted Treefrog Found in south-eastern Australia, the Emerald-spotted Treefrog is a whitish, grey or brown frog with rough skin and small iridescent green spots scattered over the back. Its pupils extend into a cross. Broad-palmed Rocketfrog The Broad-palmed Rocket Frog is a pale grey to dark brown frog that is streamlined and sharp-snouted. The back surface of its thighs are yellow with dark markings. Green Treefrog A green or sometimes brown treefrog with thick fleshy skin between the eyes and shoulders. The snout is short and rounded. They are commonly found in human dwellings. Broad-shelled Tortoise The Broad-shell Tortoise appears similar to the Common Snake-neck Tortoise, however, the head of the Broad-shell is wide and flat. It also has a thicker neck and lacks the tubercles (knobs) of the Snake-neck. The plastron (breastplate) is also a uniform white color. Saw-shell Tortoise The shell of the adult is very depressed and the rear margins are serrated. The colour is deep orange to brown with darker blotches. The plastron (breastplate) is moderately large and around the edge of the shells has dark pigmentation. The neck is short and has large, pointed, erect tubercles (knobs). Common Bandy Bandy This snake's habbitat ranges from desserts to rain forests. It can live nearly anywhere. The distictive pattern of this snake makes it easy to recognise. The pattern typically has around 30 black to dark brown rings with narrower white in between. The pattern runs completely around the surfaces of the snake. Common Bearded Dragon A large bearded dragon with a well developed beard. The inside of the mouth is usually bright yellow. This dragon is usually a shade of grey, but can sometimes be yellowish brown, or brown to reddish brown. On juveniles there is a prominent pattern but on adults it isn't visible. There is sometimes dark or pale blotches on the body. Their belly is white to pale grey with short streaks running along the length of the body. The mature males develop a grey to black 'beard' and an obscure pale green to blue tinge on the front of their head. Feathertail Glider The feathertail glider is the world's smallest gliding animal. Koala This cute and cuddly creature is found where ever there are large supplies of eucalyptic trees all over Australia. The dingo is a dog that is thought to have been brought to Australia by Asian seafarers around 3500-4000 years ago. Dingo Bush Rat Brown-grey native rat with tail ringed with bands of scales. Sugar Glider A rat-sized glider, soft grey fur with a black stripe on the head and body. Tail at least thick as a person's thumb, usually with a white tip Brown Cuckoo-dove The brown cuckoo-dove has a rich rusty-brown body, very long tail and short wings. Topknot Pigeon Male and female are similar. It is a large grey bird with an unusual reddish "bun" on the back of the head. The Topknot is easily identifiable by its "hairstyle." It also features a white bar across a dark tail. It is the largest of the pigeons in Lamington National Park. Bladder Cicada Green above and below, pink brown eyes. The wings are green, opaque and leaf-like and males have a greatly enlargered bladder. Razor Grinder A dark brown cicada
with paler brown marks on the thorax.
There is a pale stripe along the centre
of the head and a dark zig-zag pattern
on the veins of the forewing. Giant Pine Weevil A very large beetle with a long, straight rostrum and tufts of brown and white hairs on the thorax and wing covers. Whirligig Beetle The Whirlgig beetle is greenish-black and flattened in shape. It has long forelegs and very short mid and hind legs. Azure Kingfisher The head, wings and back of this kingfisher are rich deep blue with a large buff-white spot on the sides of the forehead. The tail is short and black on the underside. Throat buff merging to a deep cinnamon to rufous-brown on the breast and belly. male female Satin Bowerbird (male intertains female Regent Bowerbird) Regent Bowerbird Males are a brilliant black with the upper head and back and a band across the flight feathers being a rich, brilliant yellow. The eye and bill are also yellow. Females have a dull brown head with fine dusky spots and a dull soot-black patch on their crown.The back, rump and wings are olive-brown and the tail is dull brown. Their breast is buff with a black spot on the throat. The eye is dull yellow and the bill, feet and claws are dusky. Lamington Spiney Crayfish (or Blue Mountain Crayfish) The Lamington Spiney Crayfish is a vivid blue and white with orange or red markings. They are found in pools and streams of the subtropical rainforest above an altitude of 450 meters. Long-finned Eel Olive green to brownish green back and sides with darker spots and blotches. Australian Smelt Back light olive-grey and silver and orange sides and belly, clear fins. Crimson-spotted Rainbow Fish Males have green-grey back and sides and a silver belly. Red lines run along the sides and the fins have red flecks, edged in black.
Females have more rounded fins and have less colour. Pacific Blue-eye A small, moderately elongated fish with an olive or silver body, usually with a bluish wash. This fish has a bright blue eye, which gives it its name. Purple Spotted Gudgeon Wedged Tail Eagle The wedge-tailed eagle has mostly black plummage. The nape, wing coverts and undertail coverts are grey brown. Immatures have brown upper parts. This eagle gets its name from its large, wedge-shaped tail. Southern Boobook Has forward-facing eyes and a short tail. Rufous brown upper body with off-white spots. The underbelly is off-white with light brown markings running lengthwise. A small, robust fish with brown on back and upper sides. A wide band of blue runs from the gills to the base on the tail and is overlaid with tan, orange and purple spots. female male King Parrot The male king parrot has a dark green body with a head and breast bright red and black tail. The shoulders have some light green on shoulders. The female has a duller green head and body with a dull red underbelly. The male has dark brown plumage with a broad band of bright red near the end of the tail (apart from the two central feathers).
The female has yellow patches on the head and the sides of the neck. The tail also has a red band but has varying amounts of yellow through it. Glossy Black Cockatoo History of Brisbane The land originally was inhabited by the Turrbal people. They knew the land as Mian-jin, meaning 'place shaped as a spike The land was initially explored by Matthew Flinders. July 17, 1799. He named the cliff "Red Cliff Point." On September 13, 1824 a party led
by John Oxley settled in Redcliffe. Thomas Brisbane instructed that a new settlement
be made so he sent John Oxley to further explore. Settlers gradually moved to Brisbane, then in 1840
Robert Dixon began planning Brisbane Town. Queensland was proclaimed a seperate colony
June 6, 1859 and Brisbane was chosen as its capital. In 1942, during WWII, Brisbane was the site of a battle between U.S. military personnel and Australian servicemen. It is known as the Battle of Brisbane. Government Brisbane is controlled by a single local government, the Brisbane City Council The city is divided into 26 wards Each ward elects a councillor as their
community representative. The Lord Mayor of Brisbane and
the Councillors are elected every four
years. All residents must participate. The current Lord Mayor of Brisbane
is Campbell Newman. He was elected in
March 2004 and re-elected in 2008. Economy Brisbane's economy has a white-collar
and blue-collar industry White-Collar Information technology
Public sector administration White-Collar jobs are located
in the central business district
and suburbs. Blue-Collar Petroleum refining
Railway workshops Blue-Collar jobs are located
on the lower regions of the Brisbane
river and in industrial zones. Tourism is a major part of
the economy. Brisbane is one of the major business hubs in Australia. They have the fourth highest household income, being $40,973. Tourist Attractions! Kangaroo Point Cliffs
Customs House Brisbane City Hall Government Cairns is part of the Cairns Region local
government area. They are governed by a
Regional Council. The council consists of a directly eleceted
mayor and ten councillors, elected from ten
single-member divisions. They use an optional preferential
voting system and elections are held
every four years. They have 3 former local government
City of Cairns
The Shire of Mulgrave
The Shire of Douglas The city is represented in the
Federal Parliament by representatives
from Leichhardt and Kennedy. The last Commissioner Cairns
was Lionel Quartermaine. Economy Cairns is the major commercial centre
for the far North Queensland and Cape
Peninsula regions Cairns is the fourth-most popular
destination for international tourists. Tourist Attractions! The Great Barrier Reef
Daintree Rainforest Kangaroo The kangaroo is a national symbol of Australia: its emblem is used on the Australian coat of arms, on some of its currency, as well as by some of Australia's best known organisations, including Qantas. The kangaroo is important to both Australian culture and the national image.