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05.06 It Was the Best of Times, It Was the Worst of Times: A
Transcript of 05.06 It Was the Best of Times, It Was the Worst of Times: A
Concepts derived from
influenced the American Revolution through its ideals. The French, being long-time enemies with the British, aided the rebels through funding, which led to near bankruptcy in France. The Enlightenment way of thinking bred hope in the oppressed people of France.
Concert of Europe
was created by Britain, Prussia, Russia, and Austria. These nations decided together to agree to uphold the ideals from the Congress of Vienna. The
Congress of Vienna
was a reaction to Napoleon's rule, and was an agreement to sovereignty to be re-established to each nation.
05.06 It Was the Best of Times, It Was the Worst of Times: Assessment
By funding the American Revolution, France was in need of more income. The King decided
was the solution. This taxation mainly applied to the poorest of the French people, the Third Estate.
of the taxation's on the Third Estate led to demands regarding better representation and leadership by the people during these meetings. Not only did those in charge of the Estates General
, but they
locked them out
completely. This kindled a rebellious enthusiasm and consequent actions.
When the Revolutionaries took control they were bold and controversial in their laws. As a result, the rest of Europe grew uneasy which led to
between France and Austria. Success in Austria emboldened France and they continued to invade other countries.
The constant war had consequences on the revolution back in France. Fear of their revolution being brought to an end, they created the
Committee for Public Safety
. A man named
came to be in charge of this committee. It was under his leadership the revolution turned truly
horrible and severe.
1793 to 1794, a time known as the
Reign of Terror
, orchestrated and run by Robespierre, was the bloodiest and most violent period of the French Revolution. Approximately 18,000 men, women, and children were killed during the Reign of Terror. Members of the committee and Robespierre believed that not only everyone that had anything to do with the Ancien Régime but everyone that publicly disagreed with the committee should be put to death, for a purer France.
France was involved in many different wars in Europe at the time.
proved himself to be a skillful military leader. Napoleon worked his way up the chain of power by using corruption and once in charge recreated a monarchy similar to the one the revolutionaries wanted to overthrow. Napoleon had bigger aspirations though; he wanted to conquer all of Europe. It was his greed that was his downfall. Nation successfully banded together to bring Napoleon down.
July 14 is a French national holiday known as
. It is a celebration of the storming of the Bastille, the day that started the French Revolution. Bastille Day is a French equivalent to our Independence day on the 4th of July.