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Nutrients for Your Body

47 frames that discuss the nutrients of the body with a link to an additional prezi discussing what happens to a carbohydrate when consumed.
by

Michael Aguilo

on 10 March 2015

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Transcript of Nutrients for Your Body

Vitamin B12
Nutrient
- substance found in food
that your body needs to grow, make repairs, and supply the body with energy

Nutrients for Your Body
starches and sugars found in
food which provide your body's
main source of energy
Carbohydrates
nutrients used to build and
maintain cells and tissues
Proteins
composed of fatty acids classified
as saturated or unsaturated
Dietary Fat
compounds found in food that
help regulate many body processes
Vitamins
elements found in food that
are used by the body
Minerals
Water
Simple
Complex
sugars
Fructose
-
single sugar
found in fruits
Lactose
-
double sugar found in dairy
Added to many processed foods such as:

Cold cereal, bread, and bakery products
45 - 65% of calories should be derived
from carbohydrates
Starches - long chains
of sugars linked together
tough, complex carb that
the body cannot digest
Fiber
Proteins are made up of amino acids
Your body uses 20 amino acids
found in foods.
Your body can produce all but 9
9 ESSENTIAL Amino Acids must
be derived from food sources
Plant sources
and
animal sources
3 + 2 + 4 =
9
Protein contructs:
Muscle, bone, skin, and internal organs
Protein helps maintain all of the above and
muscles, ligaments, tendons, and body cells
Protein hemoglobin in the red
blood cells carry oxygen
Protein can serve as hormones
Protein is an inefficient
but still effective energy
source
10 - 15% of your
total daily calories
should come from
protein
Less than 10% of your total
daily calories should be derived
from dietary fat
Unsaturated Fats
found in vegetable oils,
nuts, seeds, and some fish
(herring, trout, salmon)
Moderate amounts may lower
your risk of heart disease
Saturated Fats
found in animal-based foods such as
meat and many dairy products. Palm,
coconut, and palm kernel oil contain
high amounts of saturated fats.
Consuming too many saturated fats
can lead to heart disease
Trans Fats
can be found in stick margarine, many
snack foods, and packaged baked goods
such as cookies and crackers.
Can raise blood cholesterol
level
Fat is necessary for certain
body functions and provide a
concentrated form of energy
Helps brain development, blood
clotting, control inflammation, and maintains healthy skin and hair
Cholesterol
LDL
Low-Density Lipoprotein
BAD cholesterol
number should be below 100
builds up on the walls of arteries
HDL
High-Density Lipoprotein
prevents LDL from building up
on the artery walls
GOOD Cholesterol
lowers risk for
heart disease
increases risk for heart disease
2 types:
LDL
and
HDL
number should be
above 60
What happens when you eat a carb?
http://prezi.com/sk7ii4m4n5og/what-happens-when-you-eat-a-carb/
Found as
SINGLE or DOUBLE sugars
Galactose
-
single sugar
found in milk
Maltose
-
double sugar found
in some vegetables
Sucrose
-
double sugar
that is
table sugar
Found in whole grain breads and cereals, starchy vegetables, and legumes
Protein Supplementation
Is this right for you?
Common Vitamins Consumed
Vitamin A
Needed for: Immune function, vision, reproduction, and cellular growth and differentiation.
Vitamin B6
Needed for: enzyme reactions (protein metabolism), cognitive development,
immune function, and hemoglobin formation
Needed for: proper red blood cell (RBC) formation, neurological function, and helps DNA production
Folate
B Vitamin commonly known
as Folic Acid
Needed for: making DNA and other genetic material, helps cell division
Vitamin C
Acts as an antioxidant which helps protect cells from free radicals.
Antioxidant
-
A substance that protects cells from damage caused by free radicals
Antioxidants include beta-carotene; lutein; lycopene; vitamins A, C, and E; selenium; and zinc.
Free Radicals
-
Molecule made in the body that can cause damage to cells.
Created during chemical changes that take place in a cell or an organism to produce energy and basic materials needed for important life processes (metabolism).
Also found in tobacco smoke, pollution, radiation from the sun and x-rays, and other sources outside the body.
Good and Bad
Good - help kill germs and cell communication
Bad - cause mutations in cells which is believed to lead to cancer and other diseases
Also
known as
Asorbic Acid
Vitamin D
Needed for maintaining strong bones

Helps the body absorb calcium
Vitamin E
Also acts as an Antioxidant
Also acts as an Antioxidant
Needed for making collagen, which helps healing
wounds, helps absorbs iron from plant-based foods,
and helps immune system to work properly
Helps boost immune system function, dilate of blood vessels to prevent clotting within, and cell communication
Vitamin K
Needed for: helping blood clot
Beta Carotene
Common Minerals
Consumed
Calcium
Needed to maintain strong bones
Almost all stored in bones and teeth

Supports strength and structure
Needed for muscles to move and for neurological function
Helps blood vessels move blood and help release hormones and enzymes that affect almost every human function in the body
Iodine
Needed to sustain hormone
production in the thyroid
Thyroid Hormones
Control metabolism and other necessary functions
Necessary for proper bone and brain development during pregnancy and infancy
Iron
Integral part of of many proteins and
enzymes that maintain good health
Essential component of proteins involved in oxygen transport
Needed for cell growth and regulation
Magnesium
Needed to regulate an abundant number of biochemical reactions in the body
Selenium
Needed for reproduction, thyroid gland function, DNA production,
and acts as an antioxidant
Zinc
Needed for immune system support, helps make proteins and DNA
Needed during pregnancy, infancy, and childhood for proper growth and development
Helps wounds heal and is important for
proper senses of taste and smell
Why is water so important?
Water makes up more than 2/3 of your body weight
Lack of water causes dehydration, which can be life threatening
Water prevents and relieves constipation
Regulates body temperature
Sodium and
Chloride
Helps with nerve and muscle function and helps regulate body fluids
Potassium
Helps nerves and muscles communicate
Helps move nutrients into cells and waste out of cells
Helps offset sodium's harmful effect on blood pressure
Helps move waste out of the body
= 9
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