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Ria Thakkar

on 27 May 2015

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Transcript of Somalia

Djibouti 27.3%
India 13.2%
Kenya 7.1%
China 6.4%
Pakistan 6.7%
Oman 5.1%
United Arab Emirates 5%
Egypt 5.0%
Yemen 4.4%
Most of the people in Somalia are ethnic Somalis. The major minority groups in Somalia are Bravanese, Bantus, Bajuni, Ethiopians, Indians
Islam is practiced in Somalia.
The majority of Somalis are Sunni Muslims.
Islam was introduced to the northern Somali coast early on the from the Arabian Peninsula, shortly after the hegira.
The five pillars of Islamic faith are 1) faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophet Muhammad, 2) prayer five times a day, 3) giving 2.5% of one’s income to charity, 4) making a pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, at least once in one’s lifetime, and 5) fasting from dawn until dusk every day during the period of Ramadan
Ethnic Groups
in the
Country of
By Rhea, Iris(YiQiao), Ria
GDP(Growth Domestic Product): $5.9 billion in 2010.
Growth: 2.6%
GDP per Capita: $600
country comparison to the world: 166
Working Children(aged 4-15): 39.8%
The unemployment rate for youth aged 14 to 29 is 67 percent—one of the highest rates in the world; women lose out more, with unemployment rates at 74%, compared to men at 61%;
3/5 of economy is based on agriculture
accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings.

Somalia has a tropical climate
The whole land is principally desert. The temperatures range from 75 degrees to 88 degrees fahrenheit.
There are heavy rains from March to May and light rains from September to December.
The average rainfall is 11 inches.
Current Events
Imports of Somalia
Foreign Relations
Climate Cont....
There are 2 different dry seasons which are known as the Jiilaal and Hagaa.
The temperatures for the dry seasons range from 30 degrees to 40 degrees celsius.
The 2 rainy seasons are known as Gu and Dayr.
The temperatures range from 45 degrees to 50 degrees.
Many people in Somalia are suffering from drought, famine, and hunger.
The Bantus are the largest Minority in Somalia and are descended from Slaves brought into southeastern Africa by Arab Traders
Official Languages
Ethnic Somalis are divided into two main clan families. Samaal and Saab.
Samaal is divided further into four clans. Darod, Isaaq, Hawiye and Dir.
Saab includes Rahenweyn & Digil clans along with other smaller clan groups.
The other minorities vocations include: Italians, teaching, business and banana production. The others deal with shopkeeping
The Official Languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic. Somali has many different variations most of which are recognized as a separate language.

Foreign Languages
Italian is foreign language that holds roots from the time Somalia was the Italian Somaliland. (Somaliland refers to a colony)
English likewise is used because of British Somaliland, which is why it's heavy influence on the current Somali language.
Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2015. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Eighteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
"Encyclopedia of the Nations." Ethnic Groups. Advameg, n.d. Web. 12 May 2015.
"Encyclopedia of the Nations." Climate. Nationsencyclopedia.com, n.d. Web. 17 May 2015.
"Encyclopedia of the Nations." Somalia. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2015.
"Countries and Their Cultures." Somalis. Everyculture.com, n.d. Web. 17 May 2015.
Accredited. Alsintl.com, n.d. Web. 17 May 2015.
"Somalia." Somalia. Mtholyoke.edu, n.d. Web. 17 May 2015.
"Somalia Profile - Timeline - BBC News." BBC News. BBC News, 5 May 2015. Web. 17 May 2015.
"Somalia." News. The New York Times, n.d. Web. 19 May 2015.
Somali Clan Women
Bantu Servant Woman in 1884.
25000-50,000 Bantu people are thought to have been sold in 1800-1890.
Absolute Location: 5.59N 47.22E
Area< Texas: 637, 657 square kilometers(206, 241 square miles)

Situated in the Horn of Africa, next to the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden.

Somali Root Languages
Somali has three major dialects, Northern-Central, Maay & Benaadir.
Maay is the most populous dialect in the nation and is spoken primarily by the Digil and Mirifle clans of southern Somalia.
Benaadir, also known as Coastal Somali, can be found on the Benaadir Coast.
Northern-Central serves as the basis of the modern standard Somali language.
Boon only has 59 speakers in the entire country as only a few select people of the older generation speak it. In history mainly lower class people spoke it to communicate without their masters listening in.
Arabic in Somalia
Arabic is still spoken in Somalia due to roots with the Arab World, but isn't spoken fluently in very many places in Somalia.
Since the main religion is Islam people speak it in mosques.

Cereals 10.8%
Sugars and Sugar Products 10.6%
Edible vegetables, tubers and certain roots 8.4%
Animal, and vegetable fats and oils 7.8%
Live trees, plants and cut flowers 7.1%
Bovine 4.2%
Rice 5.4%
Somalia has a trade deficit of 498 million dollars, and the nations economy relies heavily on imports.
Import total: 1.263$ billion
Religion cont...
Somalis are not as religious as Muslims in many other cultures.
For example: women do not practice
, or seclusion. They do not wear veils or cover their entire body when outside the home.
Somalis incorporate a belief in a spirit world into their religious system. These spirits, or jinns, can be either good or evil.
They are believed to cause illness, loss of property, marital problems, infertility, and even death. There are specialists who "fight" jinns through special ceremonies resembling exorcisms.
It is an East Cushitic branch (closely related to the Afar and Oromo languages).
Somalia has two main rivers: Jubba river and Shebelle river.
The Jubba river begins at the border of Ethiopia and flows directly south to the Indian Ocean.
Length: 1,808 km
The river acts as a habitant of biodiversity.
Provides water for irrigation.
It is an international river basin in the Horn of Africa.
Import From
The type of government is federal parliamentary republic
The Capital of Somalia is Mogadishu. It is the white pearl of the Indian Ocean.
Somalia has 18 administrative districts.
The president is Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. He is the founder and chairman of the Peace And Development Party.
The structure in Somalia is the President and the Prime Minister follows, and they have a congress that follows at the end.
The Prime Minister is Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke. He is not only the prime minister but also the ambassador to the United States.
Rivers Cont'd
Length: 702 miles(1,130 km)
Source: Ethiopian Highlands
Countries: Somalia, Ethiopia
Shebelle: tiger/leopard river

Water in Shebelle has a light, mirror like appearance due to the sunlight.
Supports crops(maize, sorghum) and animals(cattle, sheep, camels, goats)
formed by 3 tributatries: the Ware River, Galetti River and Erer River
Story in Somalia
Islam in Somalia is very strong. The Somalis have many stories of jihad. Jihad is a war or a struggle against unbelievers. Muslims in Somalia have vowed to "rid of Christianity". Militants from the Islamic extremist al Shabaab beheaded a 17-year-old Somali Christian . The militants, who have vowed to rid Somalia of Christianity, killed Guled Jama Muktar on Sept. 25 in his home near Deynile, about 20 kilometers (12 miles) from Mogadishu. The Islamic extremist group had been monitoring his family since the Christians arrived in Somalia from Kenya in 2008.The Islamic militants, who are fighting the transitional government for control of the country, knew from their observations of the family that they were Christians. This proves that somalis don't accept any other religion except for Islam.
April 20th, 2015:
In Khartoum, Sudan, more than four Unicef members were killed and many were severely wounded by the bomb that exploded near their minibus.
"The attack occurred as the staff members were traveling to an office in Garowe from their guesthouse, a drive that normally takes three minutes, " the statement said.
Total Country Monetary Trade: 166 mil.
Shabab, one Somali Islamist extremist group, claimed to be responsible for the attack. During this month, this group also attacked a university in Kanya, killing almost 150 people.
Export Destinations

Hong Kong
Somalia's Foreign Relations arent the best due to the Somali pirates.
Relations with it's neighbors Kenya, Ethiopa and Eritrea are stressful due to claims on borders.

April 18th, 2015
One member of the Shaba killed a a regional lawmaker,Aden Haji Hussein, on Saturday in the capital, Mogadishu.
He was shot outside a hospital where he was with his wife.
Sheikh Abdiasis Abu Musab, the Shabab’s spokesman says that“We shall continue killing the enemies.

Friendly relations

North Korea- relations were formally established in the late 50's and have remained constant due to similar ideals and philosophies. North Korea helps train Somali soilders.
Natural Resources
Natural Resources
United Nations
African Union
Arab League
WHO(World Health Organization)
Arab League: despite efforts to help this nation, Somalia never seems to accept the help
US: Constant raids on ships from Somali pirates
Ethiopia: Somalia claims that parts of the country are Somalia's due to the high number of ethnic Somalis in the region
Kenya: has cut diplomatic ties with Somalia,
In the early 21st century, the country remained one of the poorest in the world
Yemen: Yemen is one of the few countries Somalia holds an embassy in, and they supported each other in their Civil Wars.
The Flag consists of blue and a single 5 pointed star, called the Star of Unity.
This star represents the ethnic Somali group found in Djbouti, Ogaden region in Ethiopia & the northeastern province of Kenya.
The light blue was initally supposed to resemble the UN flag but now represents the sky and the Indian Ocean.
Somalias Flag
Iron ore
Natural gas
oil reserve
However, the deposits of the clay mineral sepiolite, or meerschaum, in south-central Somalia are among the largest known reserves in the world.

Violence and political unrest have prevented Somalia from developing a coherent and coordinated domestic marketplace.
Natural Resource
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