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Racial Segregation: 1930’s to 1960’s
Transcript of Racial Segregation: 1930’s to 1960’s
What is Segregation?
Segregation, the action or state of setting someone or something apart from others, is specifically referring to the segregation of whites and blacks in America.
Where did this occur?
How did this worsen race relations?
The policy of segregation meant that blacks had to have their own schools, their own churches, their own sports teams, even their own cemeteries. Basically any public places, including pools, libraries, etc., were segregated.
Though the policies of segregation were specifically intended for African Americans in the South, discrimination was not limited to southern blacks. Black people living in northern cities, as well as Latinos, Native Americans, Filipinos, Chinese Americans, Jewish Americans, Japanese Americans and other minorities, experienced the racial prejudice of this time period too. The segregation of the 1930s to 1960s definitely made race relations worse particularly between African Americans and white American people. Especially considering that this era of separation followed the ages of slavery in America. As the transition from slavery to liberated Americans began progressing, a black person would be treated way more poorly than a white person. Laws began to be put in place that separated the two races, therefore causing much more problems with their race relations. Black people did not have the same rights as white people, they were regarded with a much lower standard and although slavery was mostly over, they were still treated in the same manner.
Introduction + Thesis
Segregation was a terrible issue that affected many people worldwide. The term segregation generally refers to the division between white and black people. In this situation it specifically refers to segregation in the United States, during the 1930s and 1960s. Segregation definitely worsened the race relations in America because of the extreme separation of black from white people. Although segregation between the two races went on for quite a while, slowly, many laws where put in place to try to fix the major problems that were destroying the country. In result of the distinguishable segregation of whites and black in the United States during these 30 years, many laws were put into place to try and mend the tense relationship between the races.
1.the act or practice of segregating.
2.the state or condition of being segregated: the segregation of private clubs.
LUCIA MARCELA CHARLOTTE MICHELLE
Examples of Segregation In Hollywood
The Help (2011)
Segregation had a major impact on our world at those times and still does. Black people did not have the same rights as white people, they were treated with much lower standards and even though slavery was mostly over, they were still treated in the same manner. As we grow up we learn that we are all equal and should not be excluded because of colours or nationalities.
Segregation in the states, during this time period, was most eminent in the southern states. The state of Mississippi was the top most segregated place in the United States at the time. Followed by, Springfield, Massachusetts; Port Arthur, Texas; Hubbard, Ohio; and Newark, New Jersey. Another very segregated city was Detroit where 34 people were killed and more than 200 were wounded in racial arguments and protests. 50% of the population of southern towns were black in the 1930s, however they had no rights to vote and could not marry a white person.
Although many laws were put in place re-enforcing segregation, after the 1930s, people began protesting and fighting for their rights. Slowly, laws were being broken and new ones were being made to fix the problem that was ruining the county. In 1948, July 26, they allowed black people into the military because of Harry S. Truman (the president at the time) Truman declared a new policy that there would be equality of treatment and opportunity for everyone in the armed forces without regard to race, colour, religion or national origin. In 1954 the Supreme Court unanimously agreed that public school needed to be integrated. In 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in a bus, a year later a law was passed to desegregate because of the black community launched a bus boycott.
Martin Luther King led the boycott. In 1960 4 black students from North Carolina agricultural and technical college, sat at a segregated restaurant called "Wools Worth" and were refused service but still allowed to sit at the counters. The even triggered many similar protests throughout the south. 6 months later the same 4 students where served lunch at the "Wools Worth" restaurant. In 1960, James Meredith became the first black student at the University of Mississippi, violence and riots surrounding the incident caused President Kennedy to send 5 thousand federal troops. One final law movement that happened in 1963 was when Martin Luther King was arrested during an anti-segregation protest. Between April and September many black individuals were murdered because of the protest with Martin Luther King. In April, Martin Luther King argued that individuals have the moral duty to disobey unjust laws. On August 2, a hundred thousand people congregated at the Lincoln memorial in Washington to listen to Martin Luther King’s "I Have a Dream" speech.
How does this relate to the novel?
Maycomb (the town where the story takes place) is a very segregated town.
An example of this is Calpurina, the Finch's nanny, lives in a separate part of town, along with all the other black people in Maycomb.
Another example of segregation in TKAM is Atticus was the only lawyer willing to defend a black man in Maycob.
Also the black people of Maycomb have to attend their own separate church.