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The Cold War Virtual Museum
Transcript of The Cold War Virtual Museum
People, Technology and Government
This section of the museum is about Foreign Policy during the era known as the Cold War. Foreign Policy is a nation's policy (agreement) with other nations and the objective is to achieve national goals.
This artifact shows the founders of NATO in one picture. The 12 original founders of NATO are Canada, Belgium,Denmark,France,Iceland,Italy,Luxembourg, Netherlands,Norway,Portugal,the UK and the US. NATO is significant because it was made to counter the Soviet Union's threat during the Cold War era .It showed people during this era that those countries are united as one and if the Soviet's were to attack one of the nations, then it would be known as an attack against all of the nations. Their goal was to maintain world peace and at the time, it was mostly from the Soviet-Union.
This section of the museum is about the People,Technology and the Government during the Cold War. This section also includes the social, political and economic aspects during this war. This theme is about the different people and technology that had been important during the Cold War time and the commissions and acts they had launched.
This artifact is a page from a report the Royal Commission on Status of Women members sent to the federal government. I have chosen this topic because it shows how long it took women to be treated the same as men and what they had to do to get where they are today. Not long ago from that time, women were treated lower than men even though some women did men's job's better than men. This is significant because it shows the start of the fight and rules that advance equality for women. They work with governments to help end violence against women and promote women's leadership. This is significant because it shows the beginning of women being treated equally. Even though the Cold War was a fearful time, there was still some good things happening that benefited other people.
This section of the museum is about Canadian Unity during the era known as the Cold War. Canadian Unity is about the absence of diversity in Canada at the time and instead are acting/being one.
The Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism was one of the most influential events during the time. It brought changes to language policies after it was established such as the Official Languages Act and the start of multiculturalism. This was important since the French felt that their culture was disappearing in Canada so Pearson launched this commission so they could look into the state of Bilingualism and Biculturalism in Canada. This is important because it links the French and the English together. They are able to be one and not have to worry about the lesser culture in some. It made the French and the English closer and the government increased the acceptance of cultural diversity.
This section of the museum is about International Relations during the Cold War. International Relations is how Canada got along with other countries(relations with other nations).
This artifact is a picture of the workers building the concrete barrier in Berlin.The wall had been a symbol during the Cold War. It had separated West Berlin(Allies from the war controlled the West) from East Berlin( Soviets controlled the East). It symbolized how the world was divided into two parts. The area's that are controlled by the Soviet's and the area's controlled by the Allies that won in WW2. This wall was significant because it showed how even though WW2 had ended, there was still problems between the allies and the Soviets( mostly the US and the Soviets). When the wall came down in 1989, it signified the end of the Cold War as the division of the world was solved. For now.
The United Nations
By: Mithusha Pratheepan
-> Page 7
North American Treaty Organization
Cuban Missile Crisis
Royal Commission on Status of Women
Pierre Elliott Trudeau
Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism
Flag of Canada
Cuban Missile Crisis
The North American Treaty Organization(NATO)is a Canadian peacetime military alliance made in 1949.Members in NATO come from multiple countries in both Europe and North America and their purpose is to protect the freedom and security of its members through politics and the military. Their headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium.
The United Nations is a international organization, officially established on October 24Th 1945, that works with countries all over the world to maintain peace and security around the world and addresses people's concerns. The "four policemen"(US,USSR,UK and China), along with France are the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and they work together to maintain world peace. The headquarters of the United Nations is in New York City.
The Berlin Wall was a barrier, in Germany, built by the Soviet government, in 1961. It was meant to separate East and West Germany so that the Western governments couldn't take over. But it's real purpose was that it allowed the East German government to keep people from leaving East Berlin.
The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-Day confrontation ,in October 1945, between the Soviets and the United States in Cuba. It was when the USA discovered the threat of the Soviets installing nuclear missiles in Cuba.
The Royal Commission on the Status of Women was launched by Prime Minister Lester B.Pearson on February 3 1967. It was a Royal Commission that recommended steps to the federal government to guarantee that men and women, in Canada, would be treated equally so that they would have the same opportunities.
Pierre Elliott Trudeau was the fifteenth prime minister of Canada. Trudeau was born in Montreal,Quebec and also died in Montreal,Quebec. He was the prime minister for about 16 years (1968-79 and 1980-1984).Major events such as the creation of the Official Languages Act, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms,the signing of the Constitution Act,and the War Measures Act, happened at the time he was prime minister.
The Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism was established by the government of Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson, on July 19 1963, in Canada. This Royal Commission recommended that Canada should look into the bilingualism and biculturalism in Canada and to then recommend what steps they should take to develop the Canadian Confederation so it can be more equal.After this commission was established, the Official Languages Act was made 6 years later.
The Flag of Canada is a flag that consists of a red rectangle with a white square in the middle. In the middle of the square is a red maple leaf which was designed by Jacques Saint-Cyr. It replaced the old Canadian flag, on February 15 1965, which was based on the British Union Jack.
This artifact shows the signatures of the people in the United Nations. I have chosen this artifact because it shows how the people from the different nations signed the charter as they wanted there to be world peace. They didn't want another war, after the previous wars they had as they had ended with loss and destruction.The US,USSR,UK,China and France are the 5 permanent Security Council members. It was created to keep world peace after WW2 after the failure of the League of Nations. The United Nations was significant to the cold war because although they had no military force of its own(different countries undertake military action), they were able to resolve the cases in Korea,Somalia(relieved famine but no peace),Bosnia and the Gulf War. These cases could have made the Cold War turn into an actual war or could have made the Cold War last longer than it should have. They resolved these cases by peacekeeping not by using the military which could have made the situation worse.
This artifact is from the archives of the New York Times. The headline explains how the US blocked off Cuba because of the missiles they had found there. This was significant because this confrontation was so close in starting an all-out nuclear war between the United States and the Soviets. It brought the world close to WW3 and a nuclear war. By then, the world had seen how much damage weapons such as nuclear bombs and missiles could cause. This event was important because it had forced two nations to think about the consequences of what would happen if there was a nuclear war and if they really wanted it. They had to coexist peacefully so there wouldn't be another war, even though they disliked each other very much. This crisis was because of the poor communication between the two countries and the slow correspondence. If there was a war, Canadians would be affected as the fight would most likely be in Canada.
In my opinion, this crisis was the most significant item in my museum because it explained how much the US and the Soviets hated each other. They were so close in causing another war but a more technological advanced war as they had missiles and nuclear bombs that could have wiped out an entire city or country( a nuclear war). If the missiles that the Soviet's installed in Cuba were to be set off, the US and Canada would be in danger as if there was a war, the US would most likely not fight on their own soil and since Europe was already damaged from the previous wars, the war would mos likely be on Canadian soil, endangering Canadians. Even though the Berlin Wall was also an important event that showed the division between the two nations, the Cuban Missile Crisis shows how drastic things could go to when there is a threat present to one of the countries.
Pierre Trudeau was an important politician during the era known as the Cold War because he established many acts such as the Official Languages Act and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. He was able to make Canada an independent country(separate from Britain)through the signing of the Constitution Act. He was one of the most popular politicians because of this and people said he changed politics. He also improved relations between multiple nations such as France as he felt that better communication meant more understanding of why a country might be doing something to another country. He was able to preserve national unity and also removed the death penalty in 1976. He was changing the world into a more equal and safe place.
I have chosen this artifact as it shows the PM and other politicians and government people holding up the new Canadian Flag. It was an important time in history.The Current Canadian Flag is significant as it shows how Canada is now an independent country and isn't part of Britain anymore. Before, Canada didn't have their own national flag as they shared it with Britain but now,they don't have to be under Britain's rule. Many English-Canadians even saw the new flag as pandering to Quebec and Quebec preferred the old flag they had. The flag was and still is a symbol of the nation's unity as everyone would be treated equally, despite their culture,beliefs,opinions and race. This was important because Canada was now one and not part of anything. They would make their own decisions and do things they believe in and not what Britain believes in.