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Women's Rights and Roles during the Jazz Age

by Sarah Lee and Julianne Kim
by

Julianne Kim

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of Women's Rights and Roles during the Jazz Age

Women's Rights and Roles during the Jazz Age by Julianne Kim and Sarah Lee role of women The most important right gained by women during this period was undoubtedly the right to vote. The suffrage movement under the National League of Women Voters worked ceaselessly to remove legal discrimination against women. The changes in the rights and roles in women affect women even in today's society. The rights gained by women have evolved and helped women become even prevalent in politics and today's workforce. All American citizens who are of age (regardless of gender) are allowed to vote and women now make up almost half of the workforce. Adkins v. children's hospital was a court case filed by two women who were fired by their company for asking to be paid minimum wage as designated by the state. The judge ruled against the right of women to receive minimum wage, but said that they had the right to negotiate the terms of their employment. With the ratification of the 19th amendment, this goal was partially achieved. Women of the Jazz Age were not given their own nationality, and instead had to take the nationality of their husbands. For example, if a woman from Chicago were to marry an Italian man, she would no longer be an American, and instead be considered an Italian. The passing of the Married Women's act, also known as the Cable Act, allowed women to have citizenship in their own right. Although women gained many rights, they also lost rights alongside men when the government outlawed the sale and consumption of alcohol (also know as prohibition). Women gained many rights during the Jazz Age. Annotated Bibliography by Julianne Kim
Bingham, Jane. The Great Depression: The Jazz Age Prohibition, and Economic
Decline, 1921-1937. New York: Chelsea House, 2011. Print.
Bingham writes about the evolution of women’s rights and roles starting with the twenties, all the way to the Great Depression. She writes in detail about the rights gained by women in specific court cases during the 20’s.

"New Women, 1920-1929 (Overview)." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 21 Sept.
2012.
ABC-Clio shows an overview of the twenties in regard to women. The article shows many rights gained by women during this period.

"Prohibition (alcohol Interdict)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia
Britannica, n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked
/topic/478408/prohibition>.
Encyclopedia Britannica dedicates multiple articles about the Prohibition and how it affected societies in various countries, including America. It not only explains the effects of the Prohibition, but the history behind it and why it came to be.

"Prologue: Selected Articles." Prologue: Selected Articles. United States
Government, n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2012. <http://www.archives.gov/publication
s/prologue/1998/summer/women-and-naturalization-1.html>.
The national archives write in great detail about the grievances of women about their changing nationality based on their husbands. It writes about how ultimately a law was passed to allow women to be treated like men in terms of citizenship.

"The Roaring Twenties." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2012.
<http://www.history.com/topics/roaring-twenties>.
History.com details different aspects of the twenties, including the emergence of the “new woman”. It tells about the women gaining the right to vote and the widespread of birth control. Congressional Secretaries 1920s With the changing music trends, fashion was revolutionized. The new, energetic dances of the Jazz Age required women to be able to move freely. They adopted more casual modes of dress, shortening their skirts/dress. Flappers, the young women of the 1920s, epitomized the Jazz Age through their fashion. With their with her short skirts, short hair, noticeable makeup, and fun-loving attitude, they represented a new freedom for women. Included in their image was the popularized public smoking, and revolutionized dances. Work Place: Between 1920&1930, women in the labor forces riled from 23.6% to 27%. The effects of WWI had opened up new doors to women, with many rising to white-collar office and support staff positions. In the 1920s, first generation of female college graduates and women earning careers in nursing, education and social work.

Home-bound producers --> wage-earning consumers --> political/social reformers At first, the newly developed style of women startled the public. The society was not used to seeing women carry out such abundance of freedom. Thus, Women were viewed by the society, especially the older generations and men, as increasingly provocative and rebellious. The roles women carried out were a reflection of the rights they had gained. Women from the Jazz Age sparked the notion of women's rights, for they brought awareness to society. The road to complete freedom and equality of women is still en route, however, the goal is being progressed at a faster rate today. Women are now running for public offices, leading multimillion dollar companies, and considered equal to men under the law.
Annotated Bibliography by Sarah Lee
Benner, Louise. "Women in the 1920s in NorthCarolina." Women in the
1920s. Tar Heel Junior Historian, 5 Mar. 2012. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://ncpedia.org/history/20th-Century/1920s-women>.
In this article, Louise writes about the women of all colors in the 1920s specifically in North Carolina. He discusses the gradual shift in the way women were portrayed in the field of education, political inclusion, and work force. Louise concludes that society now accepted that women could be independent and make choices for themselves in education, jobs, marital status, and careers.

Boushey, Heather. "The Shriver Report." CAP. Center for American
Progress, 2012. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/women/report/2009/10/16/6789/the-shriver-report/>.
This report describes how a woman’s nation changes everything about how we live and work today. It concludes that in order for women to gain more freedom, they need to publicize the issue. This idea was sparked from the 1920s.

Freeman, Susan K., Dr. "New Women." Clash of Cultures. Ohio State
University, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://ehistory.osu.edu/osu/mmh/clash/newwoman/newwomen-page1.htm>.
This article describes the icon of changing gender norms, the "new women". It continues on to describe the way women challenged the conventional gender roles. This article is helpful in finding what was "new" about women in the 1920s.

National Center for Education Statistics, and U.S. Department of Education."Decade
by Decade: 1920s - Women of the Century - DiscoverySchool.com." Decade by Decade: 1920s - Women of the Century - DiscoverySchool.com. Discovery Education, 2012. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/womenofthecentury/decadebydecade/1920s.html>.
This timeline includes important revolutionary facts of women gaining rights and the roles they played in society. It educates the public about the 1920s women's increasingly active voice and position in society.

Studlar, Gaylyn. This Mad Masquerade: Stardom and Masculinity in the Jazz Age. New
York: Columbia UP, 1996. Print.
Studlar looks at four major Hollywood male stars of the silent era--Rudolph Valentino, Douglas Fairbanks, John Barrymore, and Lon Chaney--to illuminate the cultural, ideological, and historical implications of these stars in relation to contemporary debates over changing sexual and social norms. This is an analysis of silent film stardom through the lens of different gender Few examples of shift in roles...
1925- In Wyoming, Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the
first woman elected as a governor in the
United States.
- The World Exposition of Women’s Progress
(the first women’s world’s fair) opens in
Chicago
1928- For the first time, Women compete in the
Olympic field events.
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