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Tropical Rainforest Food Web

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Camila Harasic

on 4 November 2013

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Transcript of Tropical Rainforest Food Web

Tropical Rainforest Food Web
By: Camila Harasic (pd. 7)

Introduction
Producers
organisms which make/provide food. In this case, the producers are plants (they receive energy from the sun). In a rainforest, some plants are: the banana-coconut-bamboo trees, shrubs, and seeds.
The
primary consumers
eat the producers. These are animals like: macaws (parrots), monkeys, capybaras, and grasshopers.
The
secondary consumers
eat the primary consumers (they may also eat producers- but they are not know for this). In the rainforest, some of these are frogs, iguanas and vampire bats. The most powerful are known as
tertiary consumers
since they eat primary AND secondary consumers. In the rainforest they are the python (snake specie) and the jaguar.
Finally, the job of the
decomposers
is to break down dead plants and animals (dead matter). These are mushrooms, earthworms, etc.

List two top carnivores in your food web.



Jaguar
Food Chain #1
Banana Trees
(Producer-plant)
Food Chain #2
Explain what would happen if all the primary consumers became extinct.
If the primary consumers would become extinct or be removed from the food web, the producers (plants) would overflow, meaning that there will be an excess amount of producers since no primary consumers would be there to eat them. On the other hand, the secondary consumers would not have anything to eat, and would starve (unless they would migrate). The starvation of secondary consumers would lead to the death of these, and therefore, a destruction of the food web.
Describe what would happen if all the decomposers became extinct.
Decomposers are the primary weapon to break down dead matter. If they would become extinct, or be removed from the food web, the dead matter would remain in nature and will accumulate. If the dead matter gets accumulated and not decomposed, the soil would not get the nutrients it needs by the break down of dead matter, making the soil infertile. If the soil becomes infertile, plants would not grow, and this would result in an extinction of producers. Due to the extinction of producers, the food web/chain would not be able to start and animals would starve until they die.
Explain what would happen if a non-native species severely depleted the population of producers in your food web.
If a non-native species would severely deplete the population of producers, the primary consumers would have less to eat. The competition between them would be greater, and the population of primary consumers would be reduced due to the reduced amount of producers. If the population of primary consumers reduces, the population of secondary and tertiary consumers would reduce as well. Many species would probably become extinct, or be forced to migrate. Others may starve to death.
Producers
Banana
Trees
Seeds
Shrubs
Coconut
trees
Bamboo
trees
Primary
Consumers
Macaws
Monkeys
Grasshopers
Capybaras
Secondary
Consumers
Frogs
Iguanas
Vampire Bats
Python
Tertiary
Consumers
Jaguar
Decomposers
Mushrooms and earthworms
Grasshopers
(Primary Consumer: hervibore)
Frog
(Secondary
Consumer)
Jaguar
(Tertiary Consumer)
Seeds
(Producer-plant)
Macaws
(Primary Consumer)
Vampire Bats (Secondary
Consumers)
Python
(Tertiary Consumer)
Python
Explain why food webs with many species are more resilient than those with few species.
Food webs with more species are more resilient than those with few species because of its flexibility. In a large food web, there are more animals, meaning that if one specie becomes extinct, it gets replaced easier than in a food web which has few species.
Bibliography
Works Cited
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"Banana Trees." Blogspot. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_NxAStJZEVBc/TKv1Oj1bqeI/AAAAAAAAAY4/nBkD5S7jLE4/s1600/borneo+004.jpg>.
"Capybara." Gobierno en Linea. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://gobiernoenlinea.gob.ve/resize_image?id=139528&w=310&h=209>.
"Coconut Trees." Static. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://static.panoramio.com/photos/original/6977000.jpg>.
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"Grasshopers." Howler Publications. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://ricochetscience.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Birdwing.jpg>.
"Iguana." Adventure Park. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://www.adventureparkpv.com/images/flora_fauna/thumbnails/iguana.jpg>.
"Jaguar." Travel Vacations Peru. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://www.travelvacationspe.com/manu8.jpg>.
"Macaws." Unique South America. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://www.unique-southamerica-travel-experience.com/images/scarlet-macaws.jpg>.
"Monkeys." Wikimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7f/Cebus_albifrons_edit3.jpg/653px-Cebus_albifrons_edit3.jpg>.
"Mushroom." Montclair. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://www.montclair.edu/media/montclairedu/csam/prism/panama/deaddecomposers/5_wdmush.jpg>.
"Python." Wet Tropics. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://www.wettropics.gov.au/rainforest_explorer/Resources/Images/animals/snakes/python.jpg>.
"Seeds." Fotopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://images.cdn.fotopedia.com/flickr-2642523234-hd.jpg>.
"Shrubs." CD Enterprises. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://cd-enterprises.com/images/Identification_of_Tropical_Shrubs.jpg>.
"Vampire Bat." Static. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://staticf5b.lavozdelinterior.com.ar/sites/default/files/styles/landscape_642_366/public/archivo/nota_periodistica/BRAZIL_VAMPIRE_BATS_SAO108.jpg>.
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