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President Andrew Jackson
Transcript of President Andrew Jackson
7th United States President (1829-1837)
Important Events during Jackson's Presidency
King Andrew or People's President?
My group thinks President Andrew Jackson should be called King Andrew. He made the spoil system, turned down the Bank of the United States, and started the culture of criticizing ones opposing candidate to better themselves. He did make the Jacksonian Democracy which wasn't all wrong but one right doesn't cancel a multitude of wrongs.
Corrupt Bargain was a term given to the Election of 1824. In the election there were only five candidates. These candidates were William Crawford, John C. Calhoun, John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, Andrew Jackson. Since all of these candidates were republic and were in different areas of the U.S. the vote was split. Since no candidate won majority it went to the House of Representative. The term corrupt bargain came when Henry Clay backed out of the election and then threw his support at Adam. With this new support Adams won the election in the House of Representatives. When Adams became President he elected Clay to the position of Secretary of State. This was a big deal because Secretary of State was a stepping stone to becoming the President that next election. Andrew Jackson used the term "Corrupt Bargain" to win the election of 1828.
Election of 1828
This was the first election that candidates started to put down other candidates to look better. Andrew Jackson, angry at losing the last election hammered Henry Clay by saying he made an under the table deal with John Quincy Adams. He also made him self better by talking about his win at the Battle of New Orleans, also nicknaming himself "Old Hickory" showing he was tough. He also said he was a "common person" showing that he was the peoples choice. In retaliation Henry said Jackson was an adulterer and a murderer because he had killed people in duels. Jackson won this election by a mudslide setting the precedent of attacking your competitors.
When Andrew Jackson was elected he made what we call the spoil system. In this system he would take out the old government officers and replace them. He did this because he thought they were corrupt. Most of the people he took out were people from Washington's presidency. With those people gone he elected new government officers who were his friends or people who had the same view as him and were not likely to disagree with his ideas. Most of the officers elected were not the best candidates and had no idea what they were doing.
Andrew Jackson's Life
Jackson had a big legacy follow him. He was the first president who was from the west, he was also the first to get elected with no college degree. He is also known as the founder of the Democratic party.
Jacksonian Democracy is a political idea loosely based off of Jeffersonian Democracy. Jacksonian Democrats believed that there should be no Bank of the United States because they thought the bank was corrupt and gave to much power to the federal government. Jacksonian Democracy like Jeffersonian Democracy was that that there should be more state power than federal power.
Jackson was born in the Carolinas to poor Irish immigrants. Jackson always had a quick temper and was often in fights, but his toughness earned him the name "Old Hickory". Jackson fought in the Revolutionary War in the southern stage of the war, but was captured and sent home. He began his political career in the Tennessee legislature, and was a prominent slave owner in Tennessee as he made money from being a merchant and country lawyer. His star continued to rise as he gained a reputation for his bravery during the War of 1812, especially in the Battle of New Orleans. In the 1820's he was elected as the U.S. Senator for the State of Tennessee.
The image above is Jackson slaying the Bank of the United States while dragging Henry Clay behind him.
Indian Removal Act
The Indian Removal Act was a very controversial Act that Jackson made. This act was made to move Indians off of their reservations. In this Act the only thing the Indians would get is land in Kansas. This land they would receive would be given to them because it was the area that no American wanted to settle. The Cherokees responded to this act by suing Georgia against they act. The Cherokees won this case, but Andrew Jackson ignored the ruling. He pushed the Indians of the lands so the U.S. could acquire the lands and use them as they saw fit.
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The Bank Fight
The election of 1832 saw Jackson run against Henry Clay. A major issue of the election was the subject of the Bank of the United States. Jackson opposed the bank because he thought it gave a monopoly to the rich and powerful. Jackson beat Clay (who supported the banks) in a landslide. Jackson proceeded to withdrawing money from the Bank of the United States and puts it in the state banks. Unfortunately the closure of the Bank of the United States led to an economic depression only a few years later, but Jackson still won the war against the banks because the Bank of the United States was effectively killed off.
"You are a den of vipers and thieves. I intend to rout you out, and by the Eternal God, I will rout you out." -