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Copy of Chapter 7 Part 1, 2, & 3

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Dalal Altayari

on 25 January 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Chapter 7 Part 1, 2, & 3

A. Verb+Object +Infinitive
1-Infinitives follow certain verbs( want, have, decide,etc)
Let's Practice
Practice 1
2-want to get well have to stop smoking. Learn to relax
PART ONE

1-Verb + object + infinitive
2- Modal verbs

Chapter 7 HEALTH
I told Sara to say thank you
Many people ask their doctors to prescribe diet pills
Fitness experts remind us to exercise at least three times a week
Many doctors advise their patients to avoid foods high in sugar or fat
Many adults have to force themselves to eat low-fat or nonfat food
Teachers and dentists tell kids not to eat foods with lots of sugar.
Most parents encourage their children to eat fruit and vegetables
The police officer ordered the man not to park by the fire hydrant.

The man convinced the police officer not to give him a ticket

The receptionist asked her to give her name and address.
She told her to take seat and wait

The doctor encouraged her to lose weight.
She advised her to start exercise

Doctor asked her to say “ahh”.
She told her to breathe deeply.
Doctor instructed her to take
some medicine.
She advised her to drink a lot of water
with the medince

B. Modal verbs
We can use modal verbs to give
advice
or express
obligation

Let's Practice
Practice 4
You must not
You should
You should
You should
You must
You must
You must
You should
You shouldnn’t
You must
You mustn’t
Have to

must

must

shouldn't

You should not
Should
should
must
Verb+Object+ Infinitive
The teacher wants them to do
their homework

Part 1: Verb+object+infinitive
-Modal verbs

Part 2: Reflexive pronouns ; tag questions.

Part 3: Relative Clauses.
Common Pattern
6-Only some verbs can appear in this patten.
Note:
He
didn't
tell him to exercise.

He tell him
not
to exercise.

Part 2
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
A:Reflexive Pronouns
If the
subject
and (direct or indirect)
object
of a sentence are the same,
the object
should be a
reflexive pronoun
.
A.Reflexive pronouns
B.Tag Questions
Practice 3
Let's Practice
Exercise 4
B: Tag questions
We use tag questions
at the end
of statements to ask for
confirmation
or
clarification
.
"This isn't the math class?
Am I right?" or "They don't look alike? Do you agree?"
Let's Practice
Practice 1
ourselves
myself
himself
himself
himself
yourself
himself
myself
themselves
The man is looking at
himself in the mirror

The man is buying himself
a carrot juice

We are introducing ourselves.
They are enjoying themselves.

The man hurts himself

The man is weighing himself.

I promise myself to never go out again.

Any Questions
Yes, they are
Yes, it is
No, I don’t
Yes, we did
Yes I was
No, you are not
Yes, he does
Yes, I do
Yes, she will.
Yes, he does.
you
they
he
It
we
am
are
aren’t
did
didn’t
wasn’t
isn’t it
am I
aren’t you
can’t you
are you
don’t we
shouldn't we
won’t you
didn’t you
Part 3
Relative Clauses
Let's Practice
Practice 1
Underline the relative clauses with that, who, or which as subject in th letter.
As object pronouns
1-
Who
,
that
, and
which
can be the object of a relative clause
Any Questions
Who,
that
, and
which
as subjects of relative clauses.
1-A relative clause has a
Subject
&
Verb
I loved singer. The singer sang in your wedding.

EX:
I
loved the singer
who

sang
in your wedding.

2-
Who
,
that
, and
which
can be the
subject
of a relative clause
A:Usages of Relative Clauses
Step 2
To Describe
To Identify
To Give more information
Who(m)
B:Usages of Who That Which
which
That
People
Things
People OR Things
We can use relative clause to combine
2 simple sentences
into a
complex one.
For example:
I like the nurse+ She brings the food
I like the nurse
who
brings the food.
I have a bird+ the bird sings
I have a bird
that
(
which
) sings.
Giving additional information
We use 
who, whom, whose, and which
 
(but not that)
in relative clauses to
tell us more
about a person or thing.
Subject Pronouns
Subject Pronouns
I slept in a bed+ The bed was comfortable
Subject Pronouns
The bed
that (which)
I slept in was comfortable.
For example:
My uncle,
 who was born in Hong Kong,
lived most of his life overseas.
I have just read Orwell’s 1984, 
which is one of the most frightening books ever written.
The book which(that) is on the desk is very boring
The patient who(that) has a bunch of flowers in her room is allergic to flower
The doctor who(that) examined me told me I was getting better
The flowers which(that) are on the table next to my bed are beautiful
The man who(that) is sharing my room has a lot of visitors
The man who(that) broke his legs is sitting on a wheelchair.
The boy who(that) hurt his head is in serious condition
Reduction
of relative clause to relative phrase
with
helping verb/be form
relative clause relative phrase
Leave out
the subject
pronoun (who-that-which) and the verb to be.
Ex:
without

helping verb/be form
Sometimes you can leave out the subject pronouns and add -ing to the verb.
Ex:
2-We can use relative clause object pronouns to combine
2 simple sentences
into a
complex one.
The nurse giving the woman a shot is talking on the phone at the same time.
The mountain surrounding the hospital are beautiful.
The doctor responsible for all the patent on this floor likes to tell jokes .
The nurse taking blood from patients wears gloves.
The magazines on the table belong to the hospital.
1-The man having an operation tomorrow is in room 202
Who is sitting on a chair
Who is standing
Who wears a skirt
Who examined me
The dress was awful. I bought it from the shop.
The dress that( which) I bought from the shop was awful.
The shoes were too big. I got them from my sister.
The shoes that I got from my sisters were too big.
1- The noises which I heard at night were scary.
2- The work that the nurses did was very hard and tiring.
3- the ambulance which the paramedics drove was shiny
and white.
4- the patient who/whom the nurses checked on frequently were in a lot of pain.
5- The food that the patients in the hospital have to eat is terrible.
They are introducing themselves
لإاث بمخ
My doctor is Dr. Smith. I like
her
.
The doctor
who(m)
I like is Dr. Smith.
EX:
This is a house. Jack built the house.
This is the house that(which) Jack built.
For example:
I like the nurse+ She brings the food
I like the nurse
who

brings
the food.
Subject Pronouns
S

V

O
This is the teacher
who

teaches

Math
S

V

O
This is the teacher
who

I

met
.
O

S

V
O S V
O S V
More Examples
O S V
O S V
Full transcript