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Homer Argument on Happiness

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Carron Ohree

on 8 June 2011

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Transcript of Homer Argument on Happiness

Forming Constructive Bonds and Feeling Empathy with Others. Homer Thinks Happiness is... Bonds Between Spouses Bonds with Friends Bonds with Parents Political Bonds Homer thought that political bonds led to happiness because they led to alliances and pacts of non-agression. If there was no war, there was peace. To Homer, parents and children can only be happy if they share a bond of loyalty This bond forced Priam to brave Achilles and rescue his son, Hector This bond is why Telemachus, Odysseus' son, confronts the suitors besieging his mother In The Odyssey, Odysseus' wife, Penelope, is beset by suitors who wish to marry her. Odysseus' son, Telemachus, at the urging of the Goddess Athena, confronts the suitors, thereby protecting his mother. This action shows how Homer's bonds between parent and child produce happiness In the Iliad, Achilles kills Hector, Priam's son, and Priam decides to enter Achilles' camp, at great danger to himself, to try to get Hector's body back. Both Priam and Achilles find happiness by getting over the grief of the deaths of their loved ones -- Patroclus for Achilles and Hector for Priam. They both manage to empathize with each other, even though they are sworn enemies, and become less agressive and more happy because of it. This bond is why this girl saved her family from a fire This bond is shown through the opening conflict of the Iliad Agamemnon orders Achilles to relinquish his booty, a concubine he captured while at war, in order to compensate Agamemnon for the concubine he was giving up in order to maintain peace. Edited by Daniel Dulaney, Original from: http://www.cnn.com/video/data/2.0/video/us/2011/02/07/ga.daughter.saves.family.wsb.html Because of the political bond forcing Agamemnon to ask this of Achilles, Achilles aquiesces, and gives up the girl. Agamemnon demands that Achilles relinquish the concubine he took from the last conquest, to conpensate Agamemnon for giving away his own in order to keep the peace. Due to the political bonds behind Agamemnon's request, Achilles agrees. As a result of the political bonds behind this request, Achilles agrees and peace is kept. Political bonds show strongly throughout the Odyssey as well. The politics behind the courtships are prominent, as is the eventual happiness. The gods conspire to free Odysseus from Calypso's island, meddling in human's affairs. These bonds are what moved Odysseus to need to prove himself before Penelope's other suitors, and ultimately win her love. To attain happiness, couples must trust, have faith in, and understand each other. For, example, in the Odyssey, Penelope and Odysseus are separated for many long years. Both keep faith in their spouse even whilst separated. Penelope rejects the many young suitors that come to her door, begging for her hand, knowing that her husband will return. She says she will choose a new husband once she has woven a burial shroud for her aging father, but, each night, she carefuly unpicks the work of that day, endlessly prolonging her choice until Odysseuss returns. Odysseus spends seven years with Calypso. She is beautiful, immortal, and loves him dearly. However, Odysseus longs to return home to his human, aging wife. In doing so, not only does he demonstrate the depth of the bond he has formed with her, but he shows how much he trusts her. He believes that she has been steadfastly loyal to him, though he has been away from home for ten years. In order to attain happiness, you must have friendships that are mutually beneficial. As they both maintain trust and faith in each other throughout their ten years apart, they are happy in their reunion. In addition, Penelope and Odysseus are happy together because they have certain expectations for each other's behavior, which each understands and honors. In Homer's Iliad, Diomedes and Glaukos are about to duel when they realize that their grandfathers were good friends and because of this they form a friendship. Happiness is shown to be possible through political bonds, such as in the Odyssey and the Iliad. As seen at http://www.charminghealth.com/applicability/communication.htm, misunderstanding or a feeling of misunderstanding is one of the biggest challenges that faces a marriage. By having realistic and understandable expectations for each other, Penelope and Oddysseus' marriage not only works, but make both very happy. Penelope expects Odysseus to return to her, relatively unharmed and ready to be a husband to her and a father to their son, Telemachus. Because of this bond, two people refrained from becoming enemies and if they had not begun this friendship, they might have killed each other. Odysseus expects Penelope to remain faithful to him and manage his estate while he's away. This friendship also produces lasting peace between two sworn enemies When you form a friendship with somebody you lose enemies who only bring suffering President Obama showing political bonds by signing an important document. Again, in the Iliad, we all know that Achilles and Patrolocus are really good friends. At one point in the story, Patroclus begs Achilles to let him defend their ships from the trojans. Achilles finally says yes and, in return, Patroclus loans Achilles his armor, but tells Patroclus not to pursue the Trojans in battle. In battle, Patroclus does not heed Achilles' warning and is killed by Hector at the gates of Troy. If Patroclus had listened to his friend's advice, he would not have died and Achilles would not have had to mourn his death. Political bonds can also be seen in modern times, such as between the US and Germany Video from: www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vf86RvDmwOI `` Homer's happiness is found when bonds are formed between people There are many types of bonds: Husband and Wife Friend and Friend Parent and Child Country and Citizen And a happy person has all of them Bonds of Friendship produce an exchange of ideas, things, and thoughts that provide happiness for both people. This friendship embodies the relationship that brings happiness
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