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PAD301 Class 1

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by

Will Miller

on 4 January 2016

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Transcript of PAD301 Class 1

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
What It Is and Why It Matters
Political Definitions
Legal Definitions
Managerial Definitions
Occupational Definitions
PUBLIC
ADMINISTRATION

So What Is Public Administration?
POLITICAL DEFINITIONS
What Government Does
Direct and Indirect
Phase in Policymaking Cycle
Implementing the Public Interest
Doing Collectively...
What Government Does
Heroic and mundane
International context
As an activity, it has no values
Direct and Indirect
Provide services v. contract out
Role of privatization
Reagan
Non-profits
Governance
Phase in the Policymaking Cycle
What to do OR not do
Cannot simply end with implementation
Implementing the Public Interest
What is the public interest?
Lippmann
"What men would choose if they saw clearly, thought rationally, acted disinterestedly and benevolently"
Herring believes politics = compromise
Pressure on the bureaucrat
Burke (trustee or delegate)

Collective v. Individual
Lincoln point
Tragedy of the commons
Legal Definitions
Law in Action
Regulation
King's Largesse
Theft
Law in Action
Public law
Enabling legislation
The law is often in turmoil
Judicial review
Regulation
Government tells us what we CAN and CANNOT do
Code of Hammurabi
King's Largesse
Crown grants gifts
Representative government
Stuck with names on plaques
Political machines
History
Demise
Theft
Rob Peter to Feed Paul, Paul Votes for You
Libertarianism
Practical?
Irony of redistribution
Welfare
Food stamps
Tax loopholes
Farm subsidies
Kelo v. New London (2005)
Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal
"The only proper role of the government of a free country is to act as an agency which protects the individual's rights, i.e. which protects the individual from physical violence."
Managerial
Executive Function of Government
Management Specialty
Mickey Mouse
Art, Not Science--Or Vice Versa
Executive Function of Government
Federalist 72 (Hamilton)
Modern government executives do not simply execute the will of the legislature
Management Specialty
People
Process
Difference between appointed and hired public administrators
Mickey Mouse
Lots of trouble for little result
Needless, insane, silly, or mildly offensive
Red Tape
Art, Not Science--Or Vice Versa
Need judgment, panache, and common sense
But still need tools
Learn to lead big organization by leading smaller ones
Occupational
Occupational Category
Essay Contest
Idealism in Action
Academic Field
Profession
Occupational Category
Wide range of jobs
Just under 18 million in 2010
Essay Contest
Writing is the key
Why?
Why moreso than presentations?
Idealism in Action
Nobility
Building the city upon a hill
Government is a legitimate vehicle for solving societal problems
Academic Field
Cross-disciplinary
Examples?
Leonard White--1926
Admin is a unitary process
Basis for study is management, not law
Art, but science possible
Heart of the problem of modern government
Profession
A body of academic and practical knowledge that is applied to the service of society.
A standard of success theoretically measured by serving the needs of society rather than seeking purely personal gain.
A system of control over the professional practice that regulates the education of new members and maintains both a code of ethics and appropriate sanctions.
Exodus 18 and Xenophon
Why are we reading these?
Public Administration Has Already Seen a Series of Paradigms...
1950-
1970

1950-
1970

1990-
Today

1970-
Today

1927-
1937

1887-
1926

Paradigm 3 (Public Administration as Political Science)
No dichotomy = no need for separate departments
4% of articles published were PA
Intellectual wasteland
Political Science educates for "intellectualized understanding" of public administration, whereas public administration educates for "knowledgeable action"
Paradigm 4 (Public Administration as Management)
The switch to management
Tired of being 2nd class citizens in political science
1956--Administrative Science Quarterly
Discussing the idea of "public"
Paradigm 5 (Public Administration as Public Administration)
Breaks into its own
NASPAA in 1970
31,000 MPA students approximately
Political-Administrative Continuum
Better governance
Elected officials and administrators deal with each other
Idea of city manager
Paradigm 6 (Governance)
Decline of government
All about configurations
Nonprofits moving forward
Early Years and Paradigm One (Politics/Administration Dichotomy)
Wilson writes "The Study of Administration" in 1887
New York Bureau of Municipal Research in 1906
APSA in 1914
Michigan Program in 1914
Maxwell School in 1924
Goodnow: Politics/Administration
No partisan politics impacting public administration
Paradigm 2 (Principles of PA)
Willoughby: Principles of Public Administration
Money and power
Turf War
Gulick and Urwick: POSDCORB
Can we separate politics and administration?
Abandoned in 1950
Barnard: The Functions of the Executive
Simon: Proverbs of Administration
Too easy to find contradictory principles
Is Bureaucracy the Best Option for Organizing Government?
Ralph Hummel
Charles Goodsell
Full transcript