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IE Application. Question K
Transcript of IE Application. Question K
Although Spain is not a big country, its history is one of the most fascinating and dynamic in the world.
Traditions & People
If all of the world´s cultural heritage (sports, music, fashion, architecture, literature, painting, etc..) was contained in a time capsule, what would you include to demonstrate the legacy of your country?
I was born in Ibiza, an island located in the eastern region of Spain called Balearic Islands.
Therefore, Spain is the country whose legacy will be demonstrated along the journey of this presentation.
Spanish land has been sought after by many civilizations due to its strategic position and natural resources:
Iberians, Celts, Vascones
German tribes: Suebi, Vandals, Visigoths
This continuous flow of civilizations has shaped and enriched Spanish culture.
However, Spain has not only been a land of 'invaders'. In 1492, the Spanish Empire reconquered the Iberian Peninsula from Muslim rule and discovered the New World.
It was the beginning of the Golden Age of Spain, who created one of the biggest empires the World has ever seen. An empire 'where the sun never sets', as its extension went from the Americas to the Philippines.
Flamenco is a genuine Spanish art form from the region Andalusia in southern Spain.
This genre has become popular all over the world, especially in Asia. In fact, there are more flamenco academies in Japan than there are in Spain.
In 2010, UNESCO declared flamenco one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Indubitably, 'The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha', by Miguel de Cervantes, is one of the most important books in international literature.
Flamenco includes cante (singing), toque (guitar playing), baile (dance) and palmas (handclaps).
It is often associated with the Gypsies, who played an important part in its creation. A large number of famous flamenco artists belong to this ethnicity.
The guitarrist Paco de Lucía and the singer Camarón de la Isla are considered the most influential artists of flamenco.
Spain has a long literary tradition
Spanish Nobel laureates for Literature:
Camilo José Cela
José de Echegaray
Juan Ramón Jiménez
Mario Vargas Llosa
The first examples of Spanish art go back to the dawn of time.
The paintings found in the Altamira caves in Cantabria are considered to be the Sistene Chapel of rock paintings.
Caves of Altamira
Spanish Golden Age
During this period of flourishing in arts in Spain appeared some of the most remarkable painters of all times.
Goya was a Spanish romantic painter regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns.
Dalí was famous for his surrealist work and eccentric lifestyle.
D. Velázquez was the leading artist of the Spanish Baroque period.
His work 'Las Meninas' is the best well-known masterpiece of the Spanish Golden Age.
'El Greco' was the pioneer and the most representative painter of the 'Spanish Renaissance' movement.
Pablo Picasso is one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th Century.
Co-founded the Cubist movement and some of his paintings were sold for world record prices.
His style provided a model for the work of artists of later generations, such as Picasso or Francis Bacon.
Gaudi, Calatrava, segovia, leon, alhambra, avila
Historic Spanish architecture is a symbol of the country´s heritage.
The Aqueduct of Segovia is a Roman aqueduct that runs more than 15 km. It is one of the most significant and best-preserved ancient monuments left on the Iberian Peninsula
The medieval walls of Ávila, with a perimeter of 2,516 meters, were completed between the 12th and the 14th centuries.
They were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO
Inside the Alhambra there are richly decorated courts, mosques, defense towers, patios and gardens.
The complex palace of the Alhambra, built in the 13th Century, represents the peak of Islamic art in Spain and one of the most symbolic monuments of this type of art in the whole world.
It was one of the finalists in the vote to elect the New 7 Wonders of the World.
León Cathedral, built in the 13h Century on what used to be Roman thermal baths.
This cathedral is a jewel of the gothic style and it is considered by many as the most beautiful cathedral in Spain.
Antonio Gaudí was an arquitect with a revolutionary vision.
His projects (Park Güell, La Pedrera, La Sagrada Familia...) reshaped Barcelona and became the symbols of the city.
La Sagrada Familia is Gaudi's most famous project.
Although its construction began in 1882, it is not finished yet.
The City of Arts and Sciences, designed by Santiago Calatrava and Félix Candela, is a sample of the development of modern architecture in Spain.
Spain, since the beginning of the 21th Century, has excelled in several of the most important team sports.
World Champions :
Indoor football (2000,2004)
Indoor football (2001,2005,2007,2010,2012)
Spanish athletes also shine in individual sports.
Rafael Nadal is a tennis player widely regarded as the finest clay court player in history and one the greatest players of all time.
14 Grand Slam
1 Olympic Gold Medal
27 ATP WTM 1000
15 ATP WT 500
Miguel Indurain is a road racing cyclist. He holds the record for the most consecutive Tour de France wins (5) since the revoking of Lance Armstrong's 7 wins.
Fernando Alonso is a F1 driver and a two-time World Champion.
Although he has not win the World Championship since 2006, he is always a serious candidate for the title.
Nowadays, Marc Márquez is the big star of MotoGP.
With just 21 years he is a two-time MotoGP World Champion. The list of records he has broken is too long to be mentioned.
Due its orography and geographical position, Spain has a great diversity of ecosystems and fauna.
Beaches are the main appeal for tourists visiting Spain.
Spain is the country with more 'Blue Flag' beaches. An international award given to beaches with high-quality standards.
Teide is a volcano in the Canary Islands.
It is the highest point in Spain and the third highest volcano on a volcanic ocean island in the world.
Teide National Park is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO
Other UNESCO National Parks
The Purebred Spanish horse, is one of the most famous horse breeds in the world.
They are considered to have an harmonious shape with perfect proportions.
It is the largest predator on the Iberian Peninsula. Males can reach heights of 2 meters and weights of around 180 kilograms.
The Spanish brown bear is among the animals most at risk of extinction in Spain.
The Iberian Lynx is a critically endangered species of felid endemic to the Iberian Peninsula.
With just 300 individuals left, it is the first felid in risk of extinction since the prehistoric times.
Nowadays, there is a strong controversy around bullfighting
Some consider that bullfighting is a blood sport.
Followers of the spectacle prefer to view it as a 'fine art'.
Confrontation apart, bullfighting is one of Spain's best´known traditions.
Las Ventas is the most important bullring in the world.
It is regarded as the home of bullfighting in Spain and has a seating capacity of 25.000.
Holy Week in Seville is one of the most important traditional and religious events of the city and also the most important Holy Week in Spain.
This week features the procession of pasos, floats of lifelike wooden sculptures of individual scenes of the events of the Passion, or images of the Virgin Mary
The 'encierro', or the running of the bulls, which happens at 8:00 am from 7 July to 14 July, is the most important event.
Over 1,000,000 people from all over the world come to participate in this festival.
The biggest event of the 'Fallas', in Valencia, is the 'Night of the Fire', on which grotesque and humorous scenes made up of carboard figures are burned.
Food is a fundamental pillar of Spain's culture. The combination of flavors and the wide variety of dishes make Spanish gastronomy one of the best in the world.
Spain's best-known products are wine, olive oil and chorizo.
Spain is the primary producer of olive oil.
But not everything is about quantity! Spain always dominates the top positions for the World's best olive oils.
However, it is the third largest producer of wine in the world.
Spain is the most widely plated wine producing nation. It has over 1,17 million hectares planted.
Spanish chorizo gets its distinctive smokiness and deep red color from dried smoked red peppers.
Chorizo is the spanish term used for several types of pork sausages.
Spanish most representatives dishes are paella and the Spanish omelette.
Tapas are a wide variety of appetizers, or snacks, in Spanish cuisine.
The main purpose of the 'Tapeo', the art of eating tapas, is bringing people together for a conversation instead of focusing on meals.
Last but not least...Spaniards!
Spaniards are famous for being funny, extroverted, sociable and friendly.
We have a strong connection with our family and friends.