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Kite Runner

ENG 3UO English Seminar

Janat Ibrahimi

on 2 August 2013

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Transcript of Kite Runner

The Kite Runner
By Khaled Hosseini
Conflicts & Resolutions
Important Passages
Relations to the novel
The Kite Runner relates to the real world in many ways
Historical connections to events in the past
Pop culture connections made to the novel
Personal connections to everyday lives
The Taliban's existence in Afghanistan
although they say they are doing the work of God, they murder innocent civilians
currently still in the country, although not ruling anymore
Children in the sex trade
Earth quake in Haiti left thousands of children as orphans
2,000 orphans were kidnapped and sold into the sex trade
Rape crisis in Afghanistan
Law enforcement is corrupt
victims are convicted and imprisoned when coming forwards about their rape
there is no justice for victims, rapists are never punished
Popular Culture
In the Curious Case of Benjamin Button, the protagonist mentions that "It's a funny thing about comin' home. Looks the same, smells the same, feels the same. You'll realize what's changed is you" (Fincher)
Bullied into running away
Ever lasting friendships as a child
Forgetting turmoil, feeling love
Cancer effecting lives
Rahim Khan
"For you, a thousand times over." (2)
"My body was broken -just how badly I wouldn't find out until later- but I felt healed. Healed at last. I laughed." (302)
"On the rickshaw ride back to Rahim Khan's apartment, I remembered Baba saying that my problem was saying that my problem was that someone has always done my fighting for me... I was older now, but maybe not yet too old to start doing my own fighting." (239)
Soviet Invasion
Soviets expansion in Afghanistan could greatly benefit them
Civilians killed in battle between Mujahideen and Soviets
People fled the country seeking refuge
In order to overcome the past, one must be able to acknowledge, accept and confront one's mistakes.
Hassan's Son
Adopted by Amir
Tortured Soul
Baba's illegitimate son
Author/ The Book
Time Frame

the story addresses mainly about conflicts between Phastuns and Hazaras
Hazaras predominantly Shi'a muslim and Phastuns are Sunni muslims
Phastuns are considered higher than Hazaras and Hazaras are considered as slaves of Phastuns in Afghanistan.
Hazaras have a Mongolian and central asian turkish ancestry.
genetically, Hazaras are primarily eastern Eurasian with western Eurasian genetic mixture.
faced severe discrimination through most 20th century.
Now, many Hazaras have become leaders and have also pursued higher education, enrolled the army and many top government positions.
Phastuns are the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan and reighned as the dominant ethno- lingustic group for about 300 years with nearly all rulers being Phastun.
the mujahideen who faught against the pro- Soviet Afghan government in the 1980's were also dominated by Phastun fighters.
made up the majority of the Taleban and the current Afghan government.
characterized as a warrior and martial race.
history spread amongst various countries of south, central and western Asian, centred around their traditional seat of power in medieval Afghanistan.

Hazaras are predominatly Shi'a and Phastuns are Sunni muslims.
this has been the main reason for the conflicts between Hazaras and Phastuns.
sunni and Shi'a islam are the major denomination of Islam.
80-90% of the world's muslims are Sunni and 10-20% are Shi'a.
Sunnis are a majority in most muslim communities in south east Asian, China, south Asia, Africa and some of the Arab world.
Shi'a make up the majority of citizens population in Iran, Iraq and Bahrain as well as being politically significant majority in Lebanon
difference between Sunni and Shi'a islam derives from a disagreement over the passing of authrity from Muhammad to his successors.
this disagreement followed soon after the death of Muhammad.
the two faiths diverged very early in the history of islam.

the Taliban is an Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan.
Taliban movement traces its origin to the Pakistani trained mujahedin in northern Pakistan during the soviet war in Afghanistan
spread into afghanistan and formed a government ruling as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan from september 1996 until december 2001.
commited massacres against Afghan civilians, denied UN food supplies to 160,000 starving civilians and conducted a policy of scorched earth, burning vast areas of fertile land and destroying tens of thousand of homes during their rule from 1996 to 2001.
after the attack of 9/11 the Taliban were overthrown by the American- led invastion of Afghanistan.
Baba and Amir
Baba's cold attitude towards Amir
Causes Amir to feel that he can never make his father proud
Amir's childhood is troubled with his desperate attempt to win his father's love
Part One
flashbacks of Amir's childhood;
kite-flying tournament
Hassan getting raped by Assef
Amir is cowardly and does not save Hassan
Amir ignores Hassan for months, finally deciding that he must leave the house
He plants money and his new watch under Hassan's mattress, hoping he gets in trouble
Plan fails but Ali decides he must leave with Hassan
Part Two
Baba slept with Ali's wife who gave birth to Hassan
Amir reminds Baba of the privileged part of him that can get away with committing terrible crimes because of his wealth
Saw himself in Amir and took out his guilt on him
flashbacks of Amir's youth;
A Soviet invasion leads to Baba and Amir fleeing the country
On the truck ride to safety, Baba saves a women from getting sexually harassed by a Russian soldier
Amir and Baba find refuge in America
Amir graduates from highschool and becomes a writer after college
He meets Soraya, and they marry before Baba passes away from cancer
Amir & Soraya cannot have children and consider adoption
Part Two Continued
Moved to America where Baba lives a low income life
Feels a sense of redemption because he no longer lives in luxury
Amir's present;
Rahim Khan asks Amir to come back to Pakistan because he is dying
Rahim Khan says Hassan was his half brother
Hassan has died and has left his son as an orphan
Amir meets Farid and stays in Jalalabad with him
Amir returns to Kabul for Sohrab who was sold to a Talib
Hassan and Amir
Part Three
Amir's Jealousy of Hassan
Amir goes to Talib's home to get Sohrab
Head Talib is Assef
Assef challenges Amir for Sohrab's freedom
Amir wins and they escape
Amir is hospitalized and learns about his father's sins
Despite complications, Amir and Soraya choose to adopt Sohrab and Amir brings him to America
Sohrab is uncomfortable in America
Amir flies a kite with Sohrab, just has he and Hassan had done
Amir feels an underlying bitterness towards Hassan despite their friendship
Amir is hurt
Baba shows favoritism an affection towards Hassan
Amir takes this as a slight
written by Khaled Hosseini.
Hosseini was born on March 4th, 1965, Kabul, Afghanistan
Now lives in California as a novelist and a physician
the book was released in 2007
the number three best seller for 2008
the story is based on two boys named Amir and Hassan.
Hassan and Ali move away
Amir matures, realizes jealousy is petty
Amir learns that Hassan is his illegitimate brother and understands his father's actions

Tortured Soul

Guilty Conscious
Father of Amir and Hassan
Baba's business partner
trustworthy friend
Friend and mentor to Amir
Part of the Taliban
Amir's Guilt
Amir's guilt haunts him for most of his life
Causes him to drive Hassan away
Goes through much hardship trying to redeem himself
Amir witnesses Hassans rape and says nothing
Feels guilty and conflicted which causes him to isolate Hassan
Frames Hassan,
Hassan and his adopted father ,Ali, decide they must leave due to Amir's actions
Amir rescues Hassan's son from the Taliban
Is severely beaten
Feels inner redemption
Amir and Sorhab
Sohrab's trust issues
Sohrab has trouble adjusting to Amir's friendship
Incredibly hard to create a bond
Parents were murdered during Hazara Massacre issued by Taliban
Sent to an orphanage with very little food and care
Sold into the sex trade where sexually abused by Assef
Not solved
Implied that he has begun to engage Amir at the end of the book
Discussion Question
Is The Kite Runner told from an American perspective or from an Afghan perspective?
Who suffers the most in The Kite Runner?
Why do you think Amir would constantly test Hassan's loyalty?
Amir, Hassan, Baba and Society
Class divide between Hazara and Pashtun
Causes Hazara people to be treated poorly
Amir feels an underlying disrespect for Hassan because of his race
Taliban massacre
Pashtun are viewed as the higher class than the Pashtun due to religious beliefs
Despite the pressure to treat the Hazara as lesser's, Amir and Baba both befriend a Hazara
They are treated as friends, not just servants

Violence and Political Warefare in Afghanistan
Soviet War
Violence, many Afghans, especially civilians were killed
Amir and Baba flee to America, leaving behind their wealth and Baba's buisness
Soviet's foothold in Afghanistan could greatly benefit them
Soviet's invade the country attempting to spread communism
The result is many deaths of Afghans, estimated over one million

Thank You!
Taliban drove out Soviet's during 80s
Soviet's withdraw in 1989
Taliban in Afghanistan
Throw Kabul into lawlessness and chaos
Administer cruel rules under harsh Islamic laws, including mistreatment of women ,banning short beards genocide
Murder Hassan and his wife in the streets during Hazara Massacre
Take Hassan's son from an orphanage and sexually assault him
Non-Taliban's, especially in Kabul , are treated harshly
Emerged in the midst of a civil war
Helped fight off Soviet's and were therefore originally seen as heroes
Took Kabul in 1996 and established control over national Afghanistan Government
Law's were strict, based off extremism under the Islamic Law
Through the join efforts of the Pakistan and American military in 2001, the Taliban lost much of their power
Taliban now focus on road-side bombings and targeted killings
story actually begins in 2001, San Francisco but goes back to Kabul, Afghanistan in the 1970's to describe Amir's childhood.
Pashtuns & Hazaras
Sunni & Shi'a
Full transcript