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Deviation from Ideal Mental Health

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lisa wiles

on 22 March 2017

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Transcript of Deviation from Ideal Mental Health

Starter Question:
What do you think "ideal mental health" is?
Make a list of characteristics/abilities that make a person "mentally healthy".
APPLY TO A DISORDER! (p10)
Evaluation (p11-12)
Now sort the following statements into the "CONCLUDE" parts of each evaluation point:
Evaluation (p11-12)
Sort the following statements into the "EXPLAIN" parts of each evaluation point.
Deviation from Ideal Mental Health
Psychopathology Booklet 1 (p10-12)
Definition
Behaviour is abnormal if it LACKS the signs of ideal mental health.
EXPLAIN:
Jahoda identified 6 criteria for ideal mental health (IMH). These include:
Positive self-attitudes
Accurate perception of reality
Personal growth
Integration
TASK
Match these definitions to the 4 characteristics:

Being able to cope with stressful situations.
Having the capacity to achieve your full potential in life - a state known as "self-actualisation".
Seeing the world how it really is and thinking about life in a rational way.
Having high self-esteem and a strong sense of identity (who you are).
Answers
POSITIVE SELF-ATTITUDES: having high self-esteem and a strong sense of identity (who you are).
ACCURATE PERCEPTION OF REALITY: seeing the world as it really is, and thinking about life in a rational way.
PERSONAL GROWTH: having the capacity to achieve your full potential in life - reaching a state known as "self-actualisation".
INTEGRATION: being able to cope with stressful situations.
Write the following in the "EXPLAIN" box on p10:
If a person LACKS these characteristics, they are considered abnormal.
EXTENSION (p11)
There are 6 criteria in total. The other 2 are:
AUTONOMY: being independent and self-regulating (in control of your life).
ENVIRONMENTAL MASTERY: being able to function at work, being able to form and maintain interpersonal relationships. Also the ability to adjust to new situations,
Write these subheadings in the box:
TASK:
Choose a characteristic of each disorder that deviates from one of the criteria for ideal mental health. Use a different one for each disorder.
Answers
Extension
TASK: identify a characteristic of one of the disorders that deviates from either:
AUTONOMY
ENVIRONMENTAL MASTERY
Add your example to the box on p10.
A: It is very difficult to meet all the criteria, especially "self-actualisation" which is when a person has reached their full potential in life - this is something few people will achieve.
B: Unlike the other definitions, this one focuses on what is DESIRABLE rather than what is undesirable in terms of mental health.
C: How many criteria someone needs to lack in order to be considered abnormal depends on personal opinion. Some criteria like self-actualisation are vague and difficult to measure.
D: the definition can be considered more optimistic and attractive than others.
E: by this definition, most people would be considered abnormal!
F: there is no definitive way to establish whether someone is abnormal when using this definition.
Answers
STRENGTH: This definition of abnormality takes a positive approach to behaviour.
This is because: (B) Unlike the other definitions, this one focuses on what is DESIRABLE rather than what is undesirable in terms of mental health.
This means: (D) the definition can be considered more optimistic and attractive than others.
LIMITATION: "Ideal mental health" is based on subjective judgements.
This is because: (C) how many criteria someone needs to lack in order to be considered abnormal depends on personal opinion. Some criteria like self-actualisation are vague and difficult to measure.
This means: (F) there is no definitive way to establish whether someone is abnormal when using this definition.
LIMITATION: The criteria for ideal mental health is unrealistic.
This is because: (A) it is very difficult to meet all the criteria, especially "self-actualisation" which is when a person has reached their full potential in life - this is something few people will achieve.

This means: (E) by this definition, most people would be considered abnormal!
Exam Practice (Q11a, p21)
Thinking time!
1. What is meant by "identify another definition", and how many marks would this get?

2. How many of criteria should you refer to in the rest of your answer, and which one(s) do you think would work best for this question?

3. What is it VERY IMPORTANT that you refer to in your answer?
Answers
1. "Deviation from ideal mental health" (1 mark).

2. Ideally, 3 out of the 6 criteria should be included.

3. Refer to the item! You can quote examples directly, e.g. "he becomes worried".
Now write your answer!
Exam Practice (Q11b, p21)
Thinking time!
1. How many different evaluation points should you include?

2. Which PARTS of the point(s) should you include?
Answers
1. Include ONE point only. You can choose which of the 2 limitations you want to do (NOT THE STRENGTH!)

2. It is best to include the IDENTIFY and EXPLAIN parts of the point in a 2 mark question.
Now write your answer!
Full transcript