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The Cloud Forest
Transcript of The Cloud Forest
Geographical and Species Info
The Monteverde Cloud Forest is located in Monteverde, Costa Rica.
Clouds play a major part in the cloud forest.
They form when water evaporates, then the wind carries them until they reach the side of a mountain, where they cool.
The cloud forest's huge canopy does not let in much light, which creates lots of competition between plants.
The lack of sunlight also causes a slower evaporation rate which causes the forest to be very wet.
The amount of humidity causes the cloud forest to always be wet and hot.
It also cause lots of rain.
Some plants can do this so they can take in water through their leaves as well as roots.
Strangler figs use this adaptation to live.
They latch their roots into the ground while they climb up other trees to reach sunlight.
Some plants have spiky thorns on their stems to keep insects from climbing up to the flower.
Quetzals have developed thick feathers to protect their thin skin which can be damaged easily.
Howler monkeys have adapted a huge lower jaw so that they can be heard by eachother from up to 3 miles away over the noise of the forest.
The three-wattled bellbird has an unusually large gape size to help it eat the large fruits it does. It usually eats 30 large fruits a day.
Competition and Cooperation
Many plants grow on top of eachother because the growing space competition is so high.
For example; insects live in plants, and plants live on trees.
Some trees contain an additional ton of epiphtes.
Elephant ears are plants that have huge leaves.
These leaves cover up smaller plants while getting the maximum amount of sunlight.
The Cecropia tree provides a home for ants with it's many small holes.
In return, when a strangler fig trys to climb the tree, the ants eat the leaves which prevents the fig to do any damage to the tree.
Points of Interest
Town of Monteverde
San Louis Waterfall
Cordillera de Tilaran mountains
Pacific Ocean off of Costa Rica
annual average precipitation :
57 degrees F
These are just a few of Monteverde's endangered species.
Threats to Biome
One threat to the Monteverde cloud forest is the lifting clouds.
Scientific studies have shown that the clouds covering the cloud forest are rising farther away from the forest.
Impact of Climate Change
Cloud forest are extremely sensitive to climate changes.
If the climate in Costa Rica would warm up, the cloud forest would suffer significantly.
If the clouds heated up enough, they would turn into water vapor.
Without clouds, the cloud forest would dry up.
By Sammi Smith
Cloud forests are important to the cities and towns surrounding them, as well as the animals they provide homes for.
Cloud forests are extremely important to these towns because they provide fresh, clean water that can be used for hydro-electric power.
From here, the towns and cities can use this clean water for what they need.
How it Works
Trees in the cloud forest are covered in moss, which make it easy for them to collect water from passing clouds.
They then put this water in the ground through infiltration and it ends up in a watershed dam, or streams and rivers which lead to a bigger body of water.
Possible explanations are global warming and deforestation.
If they continue to lift, lack of rain and mist could destroy the forest.
They're more prone to forming here because of the humidity.