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The Cloud Forest

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by

Sammi Smith

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of The Cloud Forest

The Cloud Forest
Geographical and Species Info
Location
The Monteverde Cloud Forest is located in Monteverde, Costa Rica.
Abiotic Factors
Clouds
Clouds play a major part in the cloud forest.
They form when water evaporates, then the wind carries them until they reach the side of a mountain, where they cool.
Sunlight
The cloud forest's huge canopy does not let in much light, which creates lots of competition between plants.
The lack of sunlight also causes a slower evaporation rate which causes the forest to be very wet.
Humidity
The amount of humidity causes the cloud forest to always be wet and hot.
It also cause lots of rain.
Plants
Strangler Figs
Elephant Ears
Tree Ferns
Native Plants
Plant Adaptations
Foliar Uptake
Some plants can do this so they can take in water through their leaves as well as roots.
Climbing Adaptation
Strangler figs use this adaptation to live.
They latch their roots into the ground while they climb up other trees to reach sunlight.
Thorns
Some plants have spiky thorns on their stems to keep insects from climbing up to the flower.
Animals
Native Animals
Jaguar
Quetzal
Howler Monkey
Animal Adaptations
Thick Feathers
Quetzals have developed thick feathers to protect their thin skin which can be damaged easily.
Communication Sounds
Howler monkeys have adapted a huge lower jaw so that they can be heard by eachother from up to 3 miles away over the noise of the forest.
Mouth Size
The three-wattled bellbird has an unusually large gape size to help it eat the large fruits it does. It usually eats 30 large fruits a day.
Competition and Cooperation
Cooperation
Many plants grow on top of eachother because the growing space competition is so high.
For example; insects live in plants, and plants live on trees.
Some trees contain an additional ton of epiphtes.
Competition
Elephant ears are plants that have huge leaves.
These leaves cover up smaller plants while getting the maximum amount of sunlight.
Cooperation
The Cecropia tree provides a home for ants with it's many small holes.
In return, when a strangler fig trys to climb the tree, the ants eat the leaves which prevents the fig to do any damage to the tree.
Attractions
Recreational Activities
Skywalks
Ziplining
Hiking
Bird-watching

Points of Interest
Town of Monteverde
San Louis Waterfall
Nearby Biomes
Cordillera de Tilaran mountains
Pacific Ocean off of Costa Rica
Weather
Statistics
annual average precipitation :
2, 579mm
average temperature:
3
57 degrees F
Suggested Supplies
+ Clothing
light clothing
sweatshirt
hiking shoes
raincoat
binoculars
water
bug spray
camera
Warnings
Endangered Species
These are just a few of Monteverde's endangered species.
Three-Wattled Bellbird
Ocelot
Quetzal

Threats to Biome
One threat to the Monteverde cloud forest is the lifting clouds.
Scientific studies have shown that the clouds covering the cloud forest are rising farther away from the forest.

Impact of Climate Change
Cloud forest are extremely sensitive to climate changes.
If the climate in Costa Rica would warm up, the cloud forest would suffer significantly.
If the clouds heated up enough, they would turn into water vapor.
Without clouds, the cloud forest would dry up.
By Sammi Smith
Global Importance
Cloud forests are important to the cities and towns surrounding them, as well as the animals they provide homes for.
Cloud forests are extremely important to these towns because they provide fresh, clean water that can be used for hydro-electric power.
From here, the towns and cities can use this clean water for what they need.
How it Works
Trees in the cloud forest are covered in moss, which make it easy for them to collect water from passing clouds.
They then put this water in the ground through infiltration and it ends up in a watershed dam, or streams and rivers which lead to a bigger body of water.
Possible explanations are global warming and deforestation.
If they continue to lift, lack of rain and mist could destroy the forest.
They're more prone to forming here because of the humidity.
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